Sure Shot QUESTIONS FOR NDA/CDS/AFCAT PAPER Regarding Defence Part-3
CCS clears Military helicopters deal with US aviation giant Boeing
The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has given its approval to a multi-billion dollar deal to purchase Military helicopters from United States aviation giant Boeing. Under this deal, India will purchase 22 Apache Attack helicopters and 15 Chinook heavy-lift choppers from Boeing. Apache Attack helicopters: These attack helicopters are equipped with Longbow gunships and are armed with deadly Hellfire and Stinger missiles. They are potent as fighter helicopters and are capable of destroying enemy helicopter and tank forces. There addition in Indian Air Force (IAF) will help to replace the ageing fleet of 15 Russian Mi-35 attack helicopters which already have undergone life extension upgrades. Chinook heavy-lift choppers: It will help IAF to enhance its heavy-lift chopper capabilities and replace existing fleet of Russia made four gigantic Mi-26s. These choppers will play important role in warfront as well humanitarian operations for proving logistics support. This defence deal of India with US will further push and bolster US presence in the growing defence market of the country. It will further help to advance the nascent efforts by the Indian private defence sector to create an aerospace industrial base in the country.
Anti-Tank guided Amogha-I Missile test fired
An indigenously developed second generation anti-tank guided missile, Amogha-I was successfully test fired. Test: Test firing was carried out on September 10, 2015 at Babina Army Range, Madhya Pradesh. In the test two missiles were fired and both hit targets placed at 2.8 km as well as 2.6 km respectively. Both missile flights met all design parameters and designed path profile without any deviation. About Amogha-I Missile Indigenously developed by state owned Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL). It has maximum target range of 2.8 kms. The missiles will be inducted into Indian Army after due qualification and validation trials.
AUSINDEX15, first Australia and India maritime exercise begins in Visakhapatnam
Inaugural bilateral maritime exercise between India and Australia AUSINDEX15, commenced off coast of Visakhapatnam. The inaugural biennial exercise began with briefings and practical demonstrations ashore between Royal Australian Navy and Indian Navy before moving to sea. In this maiden edition of exercise Three Royal Australian Navy ships viz HMA Ships Sirius (fleet tanker), Arunta (Anzac class frigate) and Sheehan (Collins class submarine) and a Royal Australian Air Force P3C Orion survelliance aircraft have participated. They will train with Indian Navy Ships Ranvijayi (Guided missile destroyer), Shivalik (Stelton frigate) and Shakti (fleet tanker) along with P-8I Maritime Patrol Aircraft. It will also include tabletop exercises, practical demonstrations and scenarios ashore and sea phase. AUSINDEX15 naval exercise between navies of both countries is held in line with the Framework for Security Co-operation. The framework was announced by the Australian and Indian Prime Ministers in 2014. The naval exercise seeks to Promote peace and prosperity in the Indian Ocean and Asia-Pacific region, boost each other’s maritime security interests and strengthen defence co-operation. Strengthen relationship between both countries to undertake regional joint or combined operations such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
6th Indo-Maldives Joint Military Exercise, KUVERIN 2015 begins in Thiruvananthapuram
The sixth Indo-Maldives joint Training Exercise, KUVERIN 2015 has commenced at Pangode Military Station in Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala. Aim of the Joint Exercise is to acquaint forces of both countries with each other’s operating procedure and increase understanding and interoperability between Armies of both countries. In this edition of joint exercise, total of 45 soldiers each from Indian Army (BIHAR Regiment) and the Maldivian National Defence Force will take part. The exercise will cover varied military training activities in order to enhance interoperability between the two defence forces. It will conclude with tactical exercises. It should be noted that the sixth Indo-Maldives joint Training Exercise commenced on 31 August 2015 and it will conclude on 13 September 2015 with the closing ceremony involving cultural events by various military display teams along with aerial acrobatics display by Sarang Team of Indian Air force.
50th anniversary of 1965 Indo-Pak war observed
50th anniversary of 1965 India-Pakistan war was observed across the country on 28 August 2015. President Pranab Mukherjee paid rich tributes to the war martyrs at Amar Jawan Jyoti, New Delhi. Army Chief, General Dalbir Singh, Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha and Navy Chief Admiral RK Dhowan also paid their tributes to the martyrs. Significance: 28 August marks the victory day of Indian forces in the battle against Pakistan in the strategic Haji Pir Pass in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) which took place in 1965. About 1965 India-Pakistan war The war was started following Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar, which was designed to infiltrate forces into J&K to precipitate an insurgency against India. India forces under the dynamic leadership of then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri retaliated Pakistan’s infiltration by launching a full-scale military attack on West Pakistan. This war had witnessed the largest tank battle since World War II. The 17 day war ended after a ceasefire was declared following diplomatic intervention by the then Soviet Union (USSR) and US and the subsequent issuance of the Tashkent Declaration.
India gifts former Indian Coast Guard Ship Varaha to Sri Lanka
India has gifted its former Indian Coast Guard (ICG) Ship Varaha to Sri Lanka. The ceremonial of handing over of the ship took place at the port of Colombo in keeping with naval customs and traditions. The patrol ship had been in service with Sri Lanka Navy as Sri Lanka Naval Ship Sagara since 2006. It will now help the island nation to further maintain maritime security in the region. ICG Varaha is 75 metres in length and 11 metres in width. In 2006, it was provided by the Indian Government on a free dry lease to the Sri Lanka Navy. Since then, it had successfully served the Sri Lanka Navy for surveillance and other activities during this period.
YUDH ABHYAS 2015, India-US joint military training exercise will be held in September
India-US Combined Military Training Exercise YUDH ABHYAS 2015 will be held from 9th September 2015 at Joint Base Lewis McChord in United States. It was announced Union Defence Ministry in New Delhi. This exercise will be the 11th edition of such event in the Yudh Abhyas series. The exercise seeks to broaden and strengthen cooperation and interoperability between armies of both democratic nations. It will also provide an ideal platform for the army personnel of the both countries to share their experiences on military operations in urban terrain under the United Nations mandate. YUDH ABHYAS series was started in 2004 between India and US under US Army Pacific partnership program. Since then two countries have decided to progressively increase the scope and content of the combined training.