01 Feb Sure Shot QUESTIONS FOR NDA/CDS/AFCAT PAPER Regarding Defence Part-2
Supersonic interceptor AAD missile successfully test fired
Indigenously developed supersonic Advanced Air Defence (AAD) interceptor missile was successfully test fired from the Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast. Test facts: The supersonic interceptor missile was launched after getting signals from tracking radars. The missile moved through the trajectory path and destroyed the incoming electronically prepared target missile in mid-air at an endo-atmospheric altitude. During the test, the kill effect of the interceptor missile was analysed from data collected by multiple tracking sources. About Advanced Air Defence interceptor missile The interceptor AAD missile has been indigenously developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under Ballistic Missile Defence Programme. AAD missile is capable of destroying any incoming ballistic missile at lower (endo-atmospheric) altitude, giving full-fledged multi-layer Ballistic Missile Defence system to country. Features: It is a 7.5-meter tall and single stage solid rocket propelled guided missile. It is equipped with a navigation system along with a hi-tech computer and an electro-mechanical activator. It also has its own mobile launcher, sophisticated radars and independent tracking system to secure data link for interception and homing capabilities.
Naval Ship Vishwakarma commissioned
INS Vishwakarma, the erstwhile Shipwright School (SWS) and a premier training establishment of the Indian Navy has been commissioned. It was commissioned by Admiral RK Dhowan, Chief of the Naval Staff at a formal ceremony held at Visakhapatnam. INS Vishwakarma was commissioned in keeping with the Navy’s thrust towards indigenisation and ‘Make in India’ initiative. It also was commissioned keeping in view the role of the SWS which has assumed greater significance presently in honing Indian Navy’s warship and submarine design. Background Shipwright School (SWS) was established in 1941 at INS Shivaji for training shipwright artificers of Indian Navy. SWS was a premier technical establishment and alma mater for Naval Architect Officers, Shipwright Officers and Shipwright Sailors of the Indian Navy. It was subsequently shifted in 1943 to Naval Barracks, Mumbai (now INS Angre). In 1981, it was again shifted to the present premises at Visakhapatnam as a dedicated training establishment with independent facilities for training of shipwright apprentices.
Nuclear capable Agni-IV successfully test-fired
Nuclear capable surface-to-surface Agni-IV missile was successfully test-fired by the Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC). This was overall the fifth test of the Agni IV missile and earlier it had undergone 1 failed and 4 successful tests over the past five years. The last successful test was conducted in December 2014. Test facts The test missile was test fired from a road-mobile launcher from Abdul Kalam Island (formerly known as Wheeler Island) off the Odisha coast in the Bay of Bengal. The test was spearheaded by India’s missile woman Ms. Tessy Thomas. The missile has met all the mission parameters and was monitored by all radar stations, telemetry and electro-optical systems along the East Coast during the entire operation. During the test, the missile accelerated to a height of about 600 km. While, re-entering the atmosphere the re-entry heat shield of missile with a dummy payload withstood 4000 degree Centigrade temperatures and splashed down near the pre-designated. About Agni-IV Missile Agni-IV is a surface-to-surface missile and is capable of hitting a target at a distance of 4,000 km. Missile features: The two-stage solid-propelled missile is about 20 metres tall and weighs 17 tonnes. It is equipped with modern and advanced ring laser gyro-based Inertial Navigation system (RINS). The missile is supported by highly reliable redundant micro navigation system (MINGS) which gives it two-digit accuracy. It is also equipped with 5th generation onboard computer with a distributed architecture. Agni Missile Series SFC already has inducted three Agni series strategic missiles which gives India an effective deterrence capability. Inducted missiles are Agni-I (700 km), Agni-II (2,000 km) and Agni-III (3,000 km). Currently, Agni-IV (4,000 km) and Agni-V (5,000 km) are undergoing developmental and user trials for their induction.
India-Russia Joint Military Exercise Indra-2015 begins in Rajasthan
The seventh edition India-Russia Joint Military Exercise ‘Indra-2015’ has begun in Bikaner district of Rajasthan. This edition of exercise is focusing on ‘Counter Terrorism Operations in Desert Terrain under a United Nations Mandate’. Key facts The bilateral exercise would be held between Indian Army’s Infantry Battalion and Independent Russian Motorised Brigade from 7 to 20 November 2015. It would be conducted 2 phases, namely ‘Combat Conditioning & Tactical Training’ and ‘Validation’ phases. Both participating battalions would initially acquaint themselves with each other’s counter terrorism approaches including Command and Control systems, operations, arms and equipment. They would also focus on ensuring a high degree of physical fitness, tactical drills, techniques and procedures. This joint exercise will also engage in variety of joint missions including joint planning, Search and Rescue, Cordon and Search operations, special arms skills and joint tactical drills. The bilateral exercise seeks to further boost people to people as well as military to military ties between India and Russia.
Indian Army successfully test fires Brahmos supersonic land attack missile
Indian Army has successfully test fired the Brahmos supersonic land attack cruise missile at Pokhran in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan. Test: It was conducted by Indian Army and Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO). It was test fired from an Autonomous Mobile Launcher (AML) in full configuration and met all the mission objectives. About Brahmos supersonic land attack missile It is a fire-and-forget Missile with capability of destroying surface-based targets by flying a combined high-low trajectory by evading enemy air defence systems. It has been designed and developed by a joint venture between DRDO of India and NPO Mashinostroyeniya (NPOM) of Russia. The name Brahmos has been derived from the names of two rivers namely the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia. Features: It has range of 300-km and a top supersonic speed of Mach 2.8. It can be launched from sea, sub-sea, land and air against sea and land targets. Capable of carrying a conventional as well as nuclear warhead of 300 kilogram. It is two-stage missile, first stage being propelled by solid propellant and second stage propelled by Ramjet liquid propellant. Induction: Indian Army already has inducted 3 regiments of Brahmos in its arsenal and land-attack version has been operationalised since 2007 in the Army. The powerful Brahmos weapon system has given Indian Army a distinct and strategic operational advantage to destroy any enemy target in the most difficult and hidden terrains.
Fast patrol vessel ICGS Arinjay commissions in Kochi
The fast patrol vessel (FPV) of Aadesh-Class of Indian Coast Guard, ICGS Arinjay was commissioned in Kochi, Kerala. It was commissioned by the chief of Southern Naval Command Vice Admiral Sunil Lanba. ICGS Arinjay is the 15th of the 20 vessels being constructed by Kochi Ship Yard under the of Aadesh-Class . It will be used for Anti-smuggling and anti-piracy activities and also for search and rescue operation. Fisheries protection and monitoring activities. To increase the protection level of India’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). ICGS Arinjay will be also having a secondary role of providing communication link and escort coastal convoys in the times of war and hostilities. The ship will be based at Okha post after commissioning.
ALL About Bhramos Missile
BrahMos supersonic cruise missile was successfully test fired from on board of recently inducted guided missile destroyer INS Kochi off the western coast. Test: It was overall 49th trial of the BrahMos missile. It successfully hit decommissioned target ship “Alleppey” which was stationed 290 km away after performing high-level and complex manoeuvres. Comment This successful test provides much-needed teeth to INS Kochi which is one of the India’s most modern indigenous destroyers, making it another lethal platform of Indian Navy. BrahMos as the prime strike weapon of the destoroyer will ensure its invincibility in engaging long range targets in seas. INS Kochi 7,500-tonne indigenously developed warship and was inducted into Indian Navy on September 30, 2015. It has new design concepts for stealth, manoeuvrability and survivability. It can carry total 16 BrahMos missiles in two 8-cell vertical launch systems along with other modern weapons and sensors. About BrahMos missile BrahMos supersonic cruise missile designed and developed by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture of India and Russia. Missile’s name has been derived from the names of two rivers, India’s Brahmaputra River and Russia’s Moskva River. It is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against sea and land targets. Features: It is capable of carrying a warhead of 300 kilogram and can be launched from ships, land and submarines. It has top supersonic speed of Mach 2.8. It can strike a target at maximum range of 290-km. It is two-stage missile, the first one being solid and the second one ramjet liquid propellant.
4th edition India, Sri Lanka bilateral naval exercise SLINEX 15 begins in Sri Lanka
The fourth edition of Sri Lanka-India bilateral naval exercise SLINEX 2015 began off Trincomalee coast, Sri Lanka. The six days exercise seeks to reinforce the strong neighbourly ties underscored by extensive maritime interaction and improved understanding between neighbouring both countries. Key facts SLINEX 15 seeks to enhance the capability of both navies to work together at sea and contribute towards maritime security in the region. It commenced with a Harbour Phase in which both participant navies were engaged in professional, cultural and social interactions. It will be followed by the Sea Phase in which complex operations including anti-piracy exercises, cross-deck helicopter operations, gun firings and anti-surface exercises will be undertaken. Indian Navy is represented by 2 missile corvettes viz. INS Kora, INS Kirpan and 1 offshore patrol vessel INS Savitri along with ship-borne integral helicopters. In addition, an Indian Naval maritime reconnaissance aircraft will also take part in the exercise. Sri Lankan Navy is represented by ships like Sayura, Sagara, Samudra, 6 Fast Attack Crafts, 1 Fast Missile Vessel and 2 Fast Gun Boats. SLINEX series of bilateral maritime exercises between India and Sri Lanka was initiated in 2005. Since then three successful naval engagements have been conducted.
India-China Joint Exercise Hand-in-Hand 2015 concludes in Kunming
India-China Joint Military Training Exercise Hand in Hand 2015 concluded at Kunming Military Academy in Yunnan province of China. It was fifth edition of the exercise between the two countries which had started on 12 October 2015. The 12 day exercise concluded with a Joint Field Exercise between armies of both countries followed by a closing ceremony. Key Facts Participating troops from both sides learned and trained together from each other in mixed groups on Basic Individual Skills and Comprehensive Combat Skills. The joint exercise also met its stated objectives by exchanging experience on counter-terrorist training and conducting counter-terrorist operations. It also enhanced mutual trust and understanding and promoted healthy military relations between the two armies This edition of exercise also gave emphasis on joint handling of counter terrorism, insurgency at sub-unit level and related issues. It also covered aspect of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief at formation headquarters level. It should be noted that the Hand-in-Hand series of joint military exercise between armies of India and China was started in 2007.
India, US and Japan navies kick off 2015 Malabar Naval Exercise
India, United States and Japan navies have started 2015 Malabar Naval Exercise of the eastern coast in Bay of Bengal and India Ocean. The high-end warfighting and complex trilateral exercise is part of annual series of exercises conducted to advance multi-national maritime relationships and mutual security issues. Key facts The five-day exercise includes both ashore and at-sea training exercises, that would share knowledge on carrier strike group operations, anti-submarine warfare, maritime patrol etc. Military-to-military coordination, submarine familiarisation, air defence and surface warfare exercise sessions will be also undertaken at-sea. The joint fleet of 3 navies will include warships, aircraft carriers and fast attack submarines. Total Ten ships, five from India, four from US and one from Japan are participating. US Ships: Aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt embarked with Carrier Air Wing 1 having 90 fighter aircrafts. Guided-missile cruiser USS Normandy (CG60), USS Nimitz, Littoral combat ship USS Fort Worth (LCS-3), P-8A Poseidon maritime surveillance aircraft and fast attack nuclear submarine. Indian Ships: Rajput class destroyer, 2 other ships, a conventional submarine and a P-8I maritime surveillance aircraft. Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force is deploying an Akizuki-class guided missile destroyer.
3rd India-Sri Lanka joint training exercise Mitra Shakti-2015 concludes
The third edition of India- Sri Lanka Joint Training Exercise Mitra Shakti-2015 concluded at Aundh Military Camp in Pune, Maharashtra. 14 days of joint training had started on 29 September 2015 and included understanding of transnational terrorism, developing interoperability and conduct of joint tactical operations. The exercise demonstrated the determination of both countries to work closely with each other to eradicate the menace of terrorism in all its forms. MITRA SHAKTI 2015 Exercise aimed at sharing the best military practices between the two Armies and promoting healthy military to military relations. This Joint Military Exercise is considered as an important step to uphold the values of Peace, Prosperity and Stability in the South Asia region
India celebrates 83rd Air Force Day
Indian Air Force (IAF) on 8 October 2015 celebrated its 83rd foundation day at the Hindon Air Force Station in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh. Significance of Day: It was celebrated for first in 1932 as an auxiliary air force of Indian Empire. The celebration of day seeks to increase the awareness about the importance of IAF as an important part of the national security. Celebrations: The Air Force Day Parade was held at the base along with the investiture ceremony. The Air Force Warrior drill team including women officers displayed rifle handling skills along with march past as part of the parade. Various airplanes of the IAF were on display. The re-constituted Surya Kiran Aerobatic Team which was showcased for the first time. Also, planes like the Sukhoi-30 MKI, MIG-21, MIG-29, Globemaster, Hercules and Mirage 2000 performed multiple maneuvers. Cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar was also present at the ceremony. He was designated as post of Honorary Group Captain in the IAF in 2010. He is the first sportsperson to be honoured with such distinction by IAF. Hindon Air Force Base: This base is located in Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh and is under the Western Air Command. It is the biggest and largest air base in Asia and 8th in the world. It is located on the outskirts of the Hindon River.
Indigenously built INS Astradharani commissioned into Indian Navy
INS Astradharani was commissioned into Indian Navy at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. It is Indian Navy’s first totally indigenously-designed and built Torpedo launch and recovery vessel (TRV). It is advanced replacement for INS Astravahini which was decommissioned from India Navy in July, 2015. Key features of INS Astradharani The unique design has been formulate by a collaborative effort of Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL), IIT Kharagpur and Shoft Shipyard. It is 50-metre twin-hulled warship with maximum speed of 15 knots (28 km/h). Fitted with Catamaran Hull configuration design i.e. consisting of two parallel hulls (twin hulled) which significantly reduces its power requirement. It will function and operate under the Eastern Fleet of Indian Navy. The ship has a complement of 2 officers, 27 sailors and can carry 13 scientists. It will carry out the technical trials of underwater weapons and systems like torpedoes and mines. The induction of INS Astradharani adds thrust to the India’s ongoing endeavours towards indigenisation under Make in India campaign. It also has helped to meet country’s goal of self-reliance in underwater weapons development.