Sure Shot QUESTIONS FOR NDA/CDS/AFCAT PAPER Regarding Defence Part-1
India-Israel co-developed LRSAM missile successfully tested
Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM) co-developed by India and Israel was successfully test-fired for the first time from an Israeli Naval Platform. Test: The trial test was undertaken by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) in the presence of Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) scientists. During the test the missile achieved the desired goal by hitting the incoming target. About Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM) LRSAM is also called Barak 8 missile in Israel which in Hebrew language means Lightning. Barak 8 is an advanced, long-range missile defence and air defence system. Its main features are long range, active radar seeker missile, vertical launch and multiple simultaneous engagements. For the LRSAM, DRDO has developed dual pulse propulsion system along with other safety arm mechanisms for Solid Propulsion system. The LRSAM programme consists of Missiles, Weapon Control System, MFSTAR (Radar), Vertical Launcher unit and two- way data link. It is capable to counter a wide variety of air-borne threats such as anti-ship missiles, aircraft, UAVs and drones as well as supersonic cruise missiles. Comment The successful test marks a milestone in bilateral cooperation of the two countries in developing advanced weapon systems. It is also considered as the major milestone in proving the missile system is compatible with the Ship Borne Tracking Equipments (SBTE).
Nuclear capable Agni-I missile successfully test-fired
Indigenously developed nuclear capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile Agni-I was successfully test-fired from Dr Abdul Kalam Wheeler Island off the Odisha coast. The user trial of the strategic missile was carried out by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of Indian Army. About Agni I Missile Agni-I is the first missile of the Agni series launched in 1983 by the DRDO as part of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) in India. Powered by both solid and liquid propellants and can be fired from road and rail mobile launchers. Features: weighs around 12 tonnes and is 15-metre-long. Designed to carry both conventional and nuclear payload of about 1000 kg. Can travel at a speed of 2.5 km/s and can destroy targets nearly 700 km away. Equipped with sophisticated navigation system which helps to navigate missile to hit the target with a high degree of accuracy and precision. The Agni I missile already has been inducted into armed forces and claimed to be a part of the India’s minimum credible deterrence under No first to use policy.
ASW Corvette Kadmatt handed over to Indian Navy by GRSE
The second Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Corvette INS Kadmatt has been formally handed over to Indian Navy at Kolkata, West Bengal. It has been built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE) and would be inducted into the Eastern Fleet shortly. About ASW Corvette Kadmatt INS Kadmatt is super-sophisticated frontline warship. It is 109 metres long with a displacement of 3200 tonnes. The basic design of the ship was developed by Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design (DND) while the detailed design was made GRSE’s in-house design department. Maximum speed: 25 Knots with an endurance of over 3,400 NM at 18 knots speed. Ship crew: Designed to accommodate 17 officers and 106 sailors. Advance Technology: Equipped with total atmospheric control ventilation system which makes warship fully capable to fight in nuclear, biological and chemical warfare environments. Ship’s main role: Protect nation’s maritime interests against possible submarine attack. Provide potent platform for neutralising the enemy submarines using deployed weapons like torpedoes, rocket launchers and helicopter. GRSE is tasked to build 4 ASW Corvette class ships for Indian Navy under the strategic P-28
Nuclear capable Prithvi II missile successfully test fired
Indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II surface-to-surface missile was successfully test-fired by the Indian Army. The missile test was carried out by Strategic Force Command (SFC) from a mobile launcher at launch complex-3 from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in Odisha. About Prithvi-II Missile Prithvi-II is a tactical short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) developed by indigenously by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It has been developed under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) and currently deployed by India’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC). The missile is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads. It has been designed to operate with both liquid and solid fuel twine engines and has strike range of 350 km. It has the ability to dodge enemy missiles and uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target. The missile was inducted into Indian armed forces in 2003.
Akash missile successfully test fired at Chandipuri in Odisha
Indigenously-built surface-to-air Akash missile was successfully test fired from complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipuri in Odisha. Test: It was as part of a user trial mission in which 3 rounds of test were carried out by Indian Air Force (IAF) aiming at para-barrel targets. About Akash Missile Akash (in English it means sky) is a mid-range surface-to-air missile (SAM). Indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). The missile has supersonic speeds ranging from Mach 2.8 to 3.5. It has capability to carry warhead of 60 kg. It can engage aerial targets up to a range of approximately 25 kms. It is powered by Ramjet-rocket propulsion system (RRPS) which renders thrust for the missile to intercept the target at supersonic speed without any retardation. It is capable of neutralising aerial targets like cruise missiles, fighter jets and air-to-surface missiles. The missile was formally inducted into the IAF in July 2015. The first missile was delivered in March 2012 to the IAF.
Sahayog – Kaijin 2016’: India and Japan joint Coast Guard exercise
The 15th edition of bilateral exercise by the Indian Coast Guard and its Japanese counterpart titled ‘Sahayog-Kaijin 2016’ has begun off the coast of Chennai, Tamil Nadu in the Bay of Bengal. Key facts Focus of Exercise: Anti-piracy procedures, search and rescue operations and interoperability between the two forces and other areas of common professional interest. Highlights: Japanese Coast Guard ship Echigo along with its integral helicopter is participating. It will also involve Indian coast guard ships like Samudra Pahredar, Rajkamal, Vishwast, Rajtarang, Hovercraft, C-415, C-417, one Dornier and one Chetak helicopter. Background Sahayog-Kaijin bilateral exercise is a part of the cooperative arrangements between two Coast Guards for the last 15 years. It is also as part of the memorandum on cooperation (MoC) signed between the two countries in 2006. It is biennial bilateral exercise held once in two years and the venue would shift in both countries on alternate occasions.
Nag anti-tank missile successful test fired
The indigenously-built third generation anti-tank missile Nag was successfully test fired at Mahajan Field Firing Range in Rajasthan. Test During the test, the missile successfully hit the target 4 km away during a night trial validating enhanced capability of Imaging-Infrared seeker (IIS). It mainly guides the missile to the target. The main purpose of test to validate Thermal Target System (TTS) was also tested. TTS had simulated a target similar to an operational tank generating thermal signature. With this successful test Nag missile was now ready for final and pre-induction user trials. About Nag anti-tank guided missile Indigenously developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). It is fire-and-forget anti-tank missile. HeliNa is a helicopter-launched version of Nag missile. Operational range: 500m to 4km (Land version), 7-10km (Air-launched). Guidance system: Incorporated with advance Active Imaging infra-red (IIR) seeker. It has been incorporated with HEAT (High explosive anti-tank) warhead also the top-attack all-weather fire-and-forget system capable of destroying modern tanks with armoured protection by nullifying their ERA (explosive reactive armour).
ASW corvette INS Kadmatt commissioned in Visakhapatnam
Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) corvette INS Kadmatt has been commission in the Indian Navy by Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral R K Dhowan at naval dockyard in Visakhapatnam It is the second ship of Project 28 (P28) class ASW corvettes and is the latest ship after Shivalik class, Kolkata class and INS Kamorta. About INS Kadmatt It is about 90 per cent indigenously designed by the Directorate of Naval Design (DND) and constructed by M/s Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd. The stealth anti-submarine warfare has been named after one of the large islands amongst the group of islands in Lakshadweep off the west coast of India. Dimensions: It spans 109 meters in length and 14 meters at the beam. Speed: It is propelled by 4 diesel engines to achieve speeds of 25 knots with an endurance of 3450 nautical and with a displacement of 3500 tonnes. Multitude of networks: It provides a contemporary and process oriented System of Systems for optimal functioning of the warship. It comprises Total Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS), Atmospheric Control System (TACS), Battle Damage Control System (BDCS), Personnel Locator System (PLS) and Integrated Bridge System (IBS). Stealth Technology: It has a low radio, magnetic, acoustic and Infra-red (IR) signature owing to a ‘X’ shaped hull form. It also has an IR suppression system which reduces the heat emitted by the ship reducing the infrared signature thereby defending the ship from heat seeking missiles. Weapons and sensors suite: It includes Combat Management System, Rocket Launcher, Torpedo Tube Launchers and Infra-Red Signature Suppression System to provide a ‘Common Operational Picture’. It also includes the rail-less helo traversing system and foldable hangar door for the integral ASW helicopter. It is equipped to fight in Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare conditions. Comment INS Kadmatt would be an integral part of the Eastern Fleet and help to augment the mobility, reach and flexibility of Indian Navy. Its induction also marks yet another milestone in India’s journey towards self-reliance in Defence sector and Make-in-India.
India-France military exercise Shakti-2016 begin
India and France have started their eight-day counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency bilateral military exercise Shakti-2016 in Rajasthan. In this bilateral exercise, French contingent comprising 56 personnel of 35th Infantry Regiment of 7th Armoured Brigade are participating. Indian side is being represented by the 2nd Battalion of Garhwal Rifles which is part of the Sapta Shakti Command. Key facts Shakti-2016 joint exercise aims at conducting infantry tactical operations, combating conditioning in a counter-terrorism environment under the United Nations mandate. It will culminate the tactical exercise encompassing clearing of pockets of terrorists in rural and urban environment. The exercise will include firing, tactical operations, combat conditioning, heli-borne operations among others. This military exercise is an important step for both the armies to train together and gain from each other’s rich operational experience. It will also facilitate sharing of each other’s military experiences as both countries have deployed troops in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorist operations. 35th Infantry Regiment of 7th Armoured Brigade of French army has varied combat experiences, having served in Algeria, Africa, Iraq and Afghanistan, amongst other places. It origin dates back to its raising in 1604 at Lorraine (France) and has as many as 12 battle honours to its credit.
LRSAM Barak 8 Missile successfully tested from INS Kolkata
India and Israel jointly developed Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) Barak 8 was successfully test fired from INS Kolkata. The firing trial of the LR SAM has been jointly carried out by the Indian Navy, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Israel Aerospace Industries. This successful test marks a significant milestone in enhancing Indian Navy’s Anti Air Warfare capability and also India-Israel relations. About Barak 8 missile LRSAM Barak 8 missile in Hebrew language means Lightning. It is an advanced, long-range missile defence and air defence system. Its main features are long range, active radar seeker missile, vertical launch and multiple simultaneous engagements. For the LRSAM, DRDO has developed dual pulse propulsion system along with other safety arm mechanisms for Solid Propulsion system. The LRSAM programme consists of Missiles, Weapon Control System, MFSTAR (Radar), Vertical Launcher unit and two- way data link. It is capable to counter a wide variety of air-borne threats such as anti-ship missiles, aircraft, UAVs and drones as well as supersonic cruise missiles. Barak 8 missiles will be incorporated onboard of the Kolkata Class Destroyers and also on all future major warships of the Indian Navy. This missile along with the Multi-Functional Surveillance and Threat Alert Radar (MF STAR) would provide these ships the capability to neutralize aerial threats at extended ranges.
Anti-jamming capability of Astra missile successfully tested
Scientist from Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) recently have successfully tested crucial anti-jamming capability of the Astra missile. During the trials missiles ECCM (electronic counter-counter measure) features to overcome any jamming was successfully evaluated. This test was conducted after the missile’s RF seeker and other electronic components were sought to be jammed in the earlier trials. With some more trials to be carried in future including air launch trial with a warhead, the missile will be inducted into the Indian Air Force (IAF) in 2015. About Astra missile Astra missile is indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and is one of the smallest weapon systems developed by it. It is radar homing missile fuelled by single stage solid fuel and has payload capacity of 15 kg conventional explosives. It is air-to-air beyond-visual-range (BVR) all-weather missile that can be launched from different altitudes. It possesses Shot Kill Probability (SSKP) with range of 60-km plus that makes it one of the most reliable in its class of weapon systems. It is capable of engaging and destroying highly maneuverable supersonic aerial targets and can destroy enemy aircraft at supersonic speed of 1.2 Mach to 1.4 Mach. It can engage targets in head-on up to 80 km and tail-chase up to 20 km modes. It can reach up to altitude of 110 km when fired from an altitude of 15 km. DRDO and Indian Air Force is looking to integrate the missile with fighter aircraft including Sukhoi-30 MKI, Mirage-2000, MiG-29, Jaguar and the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft (LCA).
India’s first indigenously designed & built frigate INS Godavari decommissioned
ndia’s first indigenously designed warship INS Godavari has been decommissioned after 32 years of service. It was decommissioned at Naval Dockyard in Mumbai (Maharashtra) after it completed its full life cycle, meeting all responsibilities and duties assigned in 3 decades of service. After decommissioning, the ship would be used as a target to practice missile firing for final burial at sea. About INS Godavari INS Godavari was the first of the three in her Class of guided-missile frigates and was commissioned into Indian Navy on 10 December 1983. The ship was considered as a symbol of India’s growing military might and self-reliance. It was first of three Godavari Class frigates, others being Ganga and Gomati Naval Operations: In its three decades of service, the warship took part in major naval operations including Operation Jupiter (1988) in Sri Lanka, Operation Shield and Operation Bolster (1994) for de-induction of Indian Army from Somalia, Patrol of Gulf of Aden (PoG) in 2009 and anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden in 2011. It was also part of ‘Operation Cactus’ in 1988 where India successfully thwarted a coup d’état against the Maldivian government.