20 Oct India’s Foreign Relations For all you Defence Aspirants
India’s Foreign Relations and Their Effect on Its Peace and Security
India’s foreign policy is based on the principle of Panchsheel and non-alignment. Characterised by idealism during the nehru term, it has consistently grown and the element of realism has been added to it. As a result, it is one of the few nations that can claim to have a “strategic autonomy” in terms of world . Such an core view has helped India in raising her stature and work progressively in terms of peace and security.The very diverse and cross not society as India is know for, India has more or less maintained its non-violent atmosphere by very smartly using it for its diplomacy for its needs. At times, sense of security has also resulted into wars especially with our western neighbor on many times. The purpose here i will like to solve is be able to guide you about the role of foreign relations in India’s peace and security – past involvement , challenges we face in future and co relating to the opportunities we have.
STRENGTHS AND ACCOMPLISHMENT OF INDIA’S FOREIGN RELATIONS
The steadfastness and mutual respect for each other’s territorial claim has led to India being in good books of its friends especially its neighbors. Its cultural linkages and its Friendship Agreements with Nepal and Bhutan have weathered several rough times. So when ULFA cadres found safe haven in Bhutan during the late 2000s, India could easily move them out with Bhutanese help. In Nepal, India’s dialogist skills brought combative Maoists to the fore in the year 2007 that lead to Nepal becoming a secular, democratic country. It brought ease to the pro-longed conflict in Nepal and it helped in securing the Indian security fears as well. On The Eastern front, India helped Bangladesh move out the Pakistani army when mass killings were being led to increase the refugee flow into India. The condition was tactfully dealt with with the help of armed forces and diplomacy as India quickly signed agreed on making amends with USSR, that prevented any mis adventure from The USA. Recently, India has completed its land boundary border via the Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) along with the Bangladesh, laying to rest decades-old illegal immigration and in turned it has made the border security stronger.
Down south, India has helped Sri Lanka to finish of the LTTE war in the year 2009, leading to the foundation of which were laid in the 1987 accord that paved way for tackling the Tamil question by dissolution. Although not made a strong plan till now, India’s emphasis on 13th Amendment has offered a roadmap that can lead to sustained peace in its neighborhood.
India’s ideological closeness leaning towards the socialist Russia has also led to argumentation of the bilateral agreement in terms of defence. Most of India’s weapons have a Soviet back drop, be it the MiG planes, or the Sukhoi Mki, to the latest aircraft carriers such as Vikramaditya. Moreover very recently, in past one year, India’s awakening at the global arena has in some significant way been due to highly followed bilateral visits from the Indian top brass. A slight leaning towards the USA and its allies such as the EU, Japan, Australia has augmented India into landing many defence works that will change its outdated defence arsenal. In terms of energy gurantree as well, India has been a signatory to nuclear deals with the USA, Russia, France and Australia. In case of maritime security, India’s frequent naval exercises with countries like Japan, Australia, Russia and the USA along with its increasing pull towards the Pacific and Indian Ocean regions is aimed with an objective to calm along the maritime borders.
WEAKNESSES and CHALLENGES
Despite its numerous positives, the India’s foreign policy has fallen in case of its Western neighbours, that even being because of India’s neighbours Pakistan’s disdain attitude. Kashmir issue has been continuing ever since the start of the militancy which started in the 1990s. The on and off dialogue that is going on between India and Pakistan has been pegged by intermittent LoC ceasefire violations by the noisy neighbour Pakistan, terrorist attacks such as one on TAJ Mumbai. Have been unable to put out from the media preview and higher the assumptions with each bilateral talk, both countries have not been able to chalk out a solution to the Kashmir Problem. The result, has been an increase in violence in the Kashmir Area, with repeated firings from the Pakistan Army and has been forcing Indian Security Establishment to cloud on the developmental work.
The bewilderment of the Chinese realpolitik which had led to the 1962 war that caught India off guard. The boundary row being unsettled till now has led to intermittent aggressions by the Chinese army. India also needs to tackle and reverse the Chinese ‘One Belt One Road’ action that might have security complications in the future. India’s Afghanistan approach has languished recently as Pakistan and China are diverting Indian presence in talks with Taliban. This could be a threat to the Indian investments and eventually provide security as the terror groups working near the India-Pak border may find safe haven in the troubled Afghan territories. India’s Nepal policy has been denounced for not giving up its “Big Brother” approach, quite frequent from the India’s knee-jerk instinct to the newly executed Constitution which has ignored the demands of Madhesi groups. The turmoil can spill-over to Indian side as well, if not taken care of.
India’s record in cases of cyber security has been far from good, it is quite clear from periodic defacing of the govt websites. India requires to upgrade its cyber safety policy and bring in experts, in view of actively changing virtual world that may pose menace to the global peace and safety, as has been proved by the advance of the ISIS in West Asia.
India’s advancement so far in the case of last few years, leads to a very hopeful condition in which the Indian security will not be under any threat. India is on the point of entering Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) to work on handling the extremism and security hazard along with China, Russia and central Asian countries. To also prevent the Chinese aggressions, Boundary Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA) has been signed with China that talks about various procedures to de-escalate a possible stand off. India’s Act East Policy’ has a future to change the North-East region, getting relief from the insurgency and the illegal cross-border movement by the referring development discourses. The Increased collaboration with countries such as the USA and Israel can also help in capacity-creating by advancement in surveillance with the help of drones and other Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
India has to augment its under-staffed diplomatic founding with the help of security advisers. Priority has to be given by the External Affairs (MEA) to the Perspective Planning Division . The Ministry Lately approached the services of international relations connoisseur for research reasons. Defence modernization is making fast strides and it clear from intermittent induction of warships into the Indian Navy.
Diplomacy is a nimble shill that can craft the future of the country with an ever increasing connected world. India must keep its hands open to the diverse number of nations, in order to keep a look out of its peace and security. Only in an conditions which is free from terror and upheaval, can India make a successful script what is widely thought of as an “Asian century”.