for all defence aspirants world cancer day -NCA ACADEMY
World cancer day
World cancer day is organized by the union for international cancer control (UICC) and celebrated each year on February 4.
The theme for 2019-2021 is” I am and I will” beat cancer.
The objective of world cancer day is aligned with sustainable development goal(SDG-3,4).i.e ,to reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being by 2030.
Cancer is a genetic term for a large group disease characterized by the growth of abnormal cells beyond their usual boundaries that can then invade adjoining parts of the body and/or spread to other organs.
Other common terms used for cancer are malignant tumours and neoplasms.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and is estimated to account for 9.6 million death in 2018.
Union for international cancer control (UICC)
The union for international cancer control(UICC) is a membership organization to help the global health community accelerate the fight against cancer.
It was founded in 1933 and is based in geneva.
It is observed to rally the international community to end the injustice of preventable suffering from cancer.
The day aims to save millions of preventable deaths each year through education,raising awareness and by pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action.
Non-communicable diseases burden in india
According to recently released data by the world health organization(WHO) nearly, 61 % of deaths in india are now attributed to non- communicable diseases.(NCDs).
Cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease,stroke andm, hypertension) contribute to 45% of all NCD deaths ,followed by chronic respiratory disease(22%), cancer (12%) and diabetes(3%) .
NCDs are also a major cause and consequence of poverty.
Although, the percentage of deaths from NCDs is still lower in india compared to many other countries across the world but the burden is rapidly increasing because of changing lifestyle and factors like pollution.
Four risk factors responsible are tobacco,unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol.
Major metabolic risk factors obesity and raised blood pressure,blood glucose and blood cholesterol levels.