For All Defence Aspirants What Is Net Neutrality?

For All Defence Aspirants  What Is Net Neutrality?

The Term Net Neutrality Was Coined By Columbia University Professor Tim Wu Back In 2003. Net Neutrality Requires Telecom Service Providers To Treat All Internet Origin Or Destination Of The Content Or The Means Of Its Transmission. Net Neutrality Is The Principle That Individuals Should Be Free To Access All Content And Applications Equally, Regardless Of The Source, Without Internet Service Providers(ISP) Discriminating Against Specific Online Services Or Websites. In Other Words, It Is The Principle That The Company That Connects You To The Internet Does Not Get To Control What You Do On The Internet. The Debate On Net Neutrality The Issue Of Net Neutrality Gathered Momentum In 2015 When Then US President Barack Obama Pledged Support For It And Urged The Agency To Come With A Strong Rule On It. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Ruled In Favor Of Net Neutrality. The FCC’s Position On Net Neutrality Has Changed Under The New Regime. The Agency Repealed The Net Neutrality Rules To Regulate ISPs Passed Under The Obama Administration On 14 December 2017. In India, The Debate On Net Neutrality Picked Speed After Face book The Free Basics Program In December 2015, Earlier Known As Internet .Org. Free Basics Gives Free Access To Basic Internet Services To Users Who Could Not Afford 4G DATA Plans And Were Still Using Slower 2G Networks. Though Face book Wasn’t Charging Users Anything Extra, The Notion Of Favoring Access To Certain Content Went Against The Basics And Other Similar Services Such As Airtel Zero In February 2016. Why Net Neutrality Is Important? In The Absence Of Net Neutrality ,Companies Can Buy Priority Access To ISP Customers, Larger, Wealthier Companies Like Google Or Face book Can Pay ISPS To Provide Faster, More Reliable Access To Their Websites Than To Potential Competitors. This Could Deter Innovative Start-Up Services That Are Unable To Purchase Priority Access From The ISPs. Also ,If ISPs Charge Online Services To Connect To Consumers, Consumer Would Ultimately Bear These Additional Costs (For Example, On Their Monthly Netflix Bill Or In The Cost Of Products From A Local Online Store. Arguments Against Net Neutrality The ISPs/Tsps Invested Significant Amounts Of Money In Building Expensive Infrastructure And Acquired Spectrum, Without Getting A Share In The Revenue Of The Over The Top (OTT) Service Providers. The Investment By TSPS In Internet Infrastructure Or Penetration Levels Would Diminish If They Are Not Permitted To Practice Differential Pricing, Due To A Lack Of Incentive. ISPS Are Not Investing In Critical Infrastructure Such As Connections To Low Income Or Rural Households Because Net Neutrality Rules Prevent Them From Making Money Form Their Investments. Charging Certain Services May Help In Cross Subsiding The Access To Internet And Provide Empowering Experience To Millions Who Are Without It. In A Country Like India Where Many Still Don’t Have Access To Data Or Mobile Internet Because It Is Expensive, Zero-Ratings/ Free Basics Could Be A Possible Solution. Bandwidth Resources Are Wasted By Transmitting Unwanted High Bandwidth Consuming Multimedia Rich Data Or Information Like Advertisements. By Blocking Such Content By ISP Optimal Utilization Of Resources Can Be Done. There Is A Need To Differentiate Between Essential And Luxury Or Entertainment Content. Services Related To E-Governance Or News Etc. Should Be Given Preference Over High Definition Video Songs Or VoIP. Such Entertainment Services Can Be Charged At Higher Rates. How Is Net Neutrality Regulated? Until Now, Net Neutrality Has Not Directly Been Regulated In India By Any Law Or Policy Framework. Over The Last Year, There Have Been Some Developments. TRAI Had Invited Comments On Consultation Papers On Differential Pricing For Data Services As Well As Regulatory Framework For Over –The –Top Services (OTT). A Committee Set Up By The Department Of Telecommunications.(Dot) Had Also Examined The Issue Of Net Neutrality. Recently, TRAI Has Unveiled Recommendations In Support Of Net Neutrality. Internationally, Countries Like The USA ,Japan , Brazil, Chile ,Norway ,Etc. Have Some Form Of Law ,Order Or Regulatory Framework In Place That Effects Net Neutrality. Way Forward The Telecom Ministry Should Implement TRAI’s Recommendations And Usher In A Liberal And Unhindered Net Neutrality Regime. It Should Ald Internet Service Providers.