For All Defence Aspirants Water Security In India -NCA ACADEMY

Water Security In India

What Is Water Security?

Water Security Implies Affordable Access To Clean Water For Agricultural ,Industrial And Household Usage As An Important Part Of Human Security.

It Includes Assured And Adequate Water Supply, Appropriate Water Quality And Source Sustainability.

Status In India

India Is Facing A Serious Water Resource Problem And It Is Expected To Become ‘Water Stressed’by 2025 And Water Scarce’by 2025.

The Union Ministry Of Water Resources Has Estimated India’s Water Requirements To Be Around 1093 BCM For 2025 And 1447 BCM For 2050.

With Projected Population Growth Of 1.4 Billion By 2050, The Total Available Water Resources Would Barely Match The Total Water Requirement.

The National Commission For Integrated Water Resource Development (NCIWRD) Has Estimated That Against A Total Annual Availability Of 1953 BCM Only 55.6 Percent Can Be Put To Use.

Causes Of Water Security

Increasing Population Pressure Leads To Increase In The Demand For Food And This Creates An Additional Demand For Water.

Large Scale Urbanization And Industrialization.

Over-Exploitation Of Ground Water.

Water Use Efficiency In India Is Far Below Most Of The Developed Countries, Primarily Due To Improper Water Conservation Measures.

Farmers In India Have Been Traditionally Practicing Flow Irrigation Which Results In Wastage Of Water.

Pollution Of Water Resources-Leaking Of Untreated Industrial Wastes Into Water Bodies Resulting In Contamination By Arsenic ,Chromium Etc.

Climate Change May Also Cause A Rise In The Sea Level, Leading To Salinity Intrusion In Ground Water Aquifers/Surface Waters.

Expansion Of Irrigated Agriculture And Changing Cropping Pattern Towards Water Intensive Crops(E.G Sugarcane, Paddy).

5Ps Of Water Security Of India

Prevention Of Losses ,Wastage And Pollution

According To The Central Water Commission (CWC),Improving Current Water Use Efficiency Could Save Up To 23% Water From All The Sectors.

Proper Treatment Of Municipal Water And Recycling For Consumption Will Reduce Pollution In Natural Water Bodies And Reduce Pressure On Freshwater Sources.

Promotion Of Groundwater Banking

Through Rainwater Harvesting And Replenishing Groundwater Resources.

Identifying Aquifers Which Are Easy To Recharge.

Preserve ,Conserve And Restore Wetlands And Traditional Practices

Wetlands Play A Vital Role In Water Recycling And Absorbing The Intensities Of Droughts And Floods.

Traditionally, Societal Ownership Cango Long Way In Promoting Conservation And Equitable Distribution.


Strong Collaboration Among Multiple Stakeholders And Government Ministries

Inclusive And Integrated Water Resource Management (Which Includes Social, Environmental ,Economic And Political Dimensions.

Steps Taken By The Government

Ministry Of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation Has Constituted An Inter-Ministerial Group For Looking Into Issues Of Arsenic Mitigation.

Ministry Of Water Resources, RD & GR Has Also Launched Jal Kranti Abhiyan To Consolidate Water Conservation And Management In The Country Through An Integrated Approach Involving All Stakeholders, Making It A Mass Movement.

National Water Policy,2012 Proposes A Framework For Creation Of A System Of Laws And Institutions And For A Plan Of Action With A Unified National Perspective For Water Security.

Pradhan Mantra Krishi Sinchayee Yojana(PMKSY) Was Launched To Improve Water-Use Efficiency In Irrigation.






Er. HartaJ is one of the main Instructors and a part of the team At NCA. He himself has cleared the SSB process thrice, but as per his grandfather's Late Lt. Col H.S.Dhaliwal Wish he is continuing teaching and making officers. Been associated with New Careers Academy for the last 8 years, he also has been succefull in making Second and Third Generation Of officers. Once Taught by his Grandfather and Father Capt. Dhaliwal. He is know all across with students for the way he teaches and he is more of a role model for them .