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For All Defence Aspirants ten threats to global health in 2019

For All Defence Aspirants ten threats to global health in 2019

Ten Threats To Global Health In 2019

The World Health Organization (WHO) Has Released A List Of Ten Threats To Global Health In 2019.

Key Points

Air Pollution ,Climate Change

9 Out Of 10 People Are Breathing Polluted Air Across The World.

India With 18 % Of The World’s Populations Shares 26 % Of The Global Premature Deaths, And Disease Burden Due To Air Pollution.

Non-Communicable Diseases

Diseases ,Such As Diabetes, Cancer And Heart Ailments Are Collectively Responsible For Over 70% Of All Deaths World Wide. This Includes 15 Million People Dying Prematurely Aged Between 30 And 69.

India Has Been Named As The Diabetes Capital Of The World’. India’s Current Estimated Cancer Burden-Over 1.5 Million New Cases- Is Predicted To Nearly Double In Coming 20 Years.

Global Influenza Pandemic

WHO Has Said That The World May Face Another Influenza Pandemic, Though It Is Silent On When It Will Hit And How Severe It Will Be.

Fragile, Vulnerable Settings

More Than 1.6 Billion People (22% Of The Global Population)Live In Places Where Challenges Such As Drought ,Famine ,Conflict, And Population Displacement And Weak Health Services Have Left Them Without Access To Basic Care.

The Massive Distress In India’s Farm Sector Has Engendered Waves Of Internal Migration. This Migrant Population Often Lives In Unhygienic Conditions With Very Little Access To Basic Amenities.

Natural Calamities Routinely Bring Health Crises Like The Kerala Floods Were Followed By A Leptospirosis.

Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)

The Ability Of Bacteria ,Parasites ,Viruses And Fungi To Resist Antibiotics Threatens Our Ability To Fight With Them.

Drug Resistance Is Driven By The Overuse Of Antimicrobials In People And In Animals.

India ,China And The Russian Federation Accounted For 47 % Of The Global Incidence Of MDR-TB (Multi Drug-Resistant –Tuberculosis) In 2016.India Has An AMR Policy But The Implementation Is Poor.

Weak Primary Healthcare

Primary Health Care Is Usually The First Point Of Contact People Have With The Health Care System,And Ideally Should Provide Comprehensive, Affordable, Community –Based Care.

In India ,The Primary Care Arm Of Ayushman Bharat, With Health And Wellness Centres, Has Received Less Attention Than Pradhan Mantra Jan Arogya Yojana (I.E The Insurance Aspect Of Ayushman Bharat).

Rural Health Statistics For 2017 Show That Around 8,000 Posts Of Doctors In Primary Health Centers In India Are Vacant.

Hiv

According To The Who ,Nearly A Million People Every Die Due To Hiv/Aids. Since The Beginning Of The Epidemic ,More Than 70 Million People Have Acquired The Infection And About 35 Million People Have Died. Today, Around 37 Million Worldwide Live With Hiv.

India Has Enacted The Hiv /Aids Act, 2018 Which Makes Anti-Retroviral Therapy A Legal Right For Indians With Hiv/Aids.

High Threat Pathogens

Who Identifies Diseases And Pathogens That Have The Potential To Cause A Public Health Emergency But Lack Effective Treatments And Vaccines.

This List Includes Ebola,Zika Nipah Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corn Virus (Mers-Cov) And Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) And Disease X Which Represents The Need To Prepare For An Unknown Pathogen That Could Cause A Serious Epidemic.

While India Saw No Case Of Ebola,But Several Indian States Battled Zika In October-November 2018 And At Least 17 People Died Of Nipah Infection In Kerala Over April And May.

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