Blog

For All Defence Aspirants Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2016-2030

For All Defence Aspirants Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2016-2030

Key Points

The High Level Steering Committee Will Be Chaired By Chief Statistician And Programme Implementation (MOSPI).

The Steering Committee Would Recommend Measures To Mainstream SDGS Into Ongoing National Policies ,Programmes And Strategic Action Plans To Address The Developmental Challenges.

The Committee Would Also Decide If There Is A Need To Improve The Indicators By Periodically Reviewing The National Framework(NIF).

Statistical Indicators Of The NIF Would Be The Backbone For Monitoring Of SDGS At The National And State Levels And Would Scientifically Measure The Outcomes Of The Policies To Achieve The Targets Under Different SDGS.

Based On Statistical Indicators ,The MOSPI Would Produce National Reports On Implementation Of The SDGS .Relevant Ministries/Departments Will Be Responsible For Providing Regular Information To MOSPI On These Indicators.

Background

In 2000 The United Nations (UN) Adopted Right Development Goals Known As The Millennium Development Goals (MDGS). These Found The Blueprint For Countries To Pursue Their National Development Strategies From 2000 To 2015.

The MDG Targets Were Unevenly Achieved Across The Countries And A Need Was Felt To Explore Its Possible Successor To Guide Development Cooperation In The World Beyond 2015.

These Goals Are Integrated And Balance The Three Dimensions Of Sustainable Development I.E. Economic, Social And Environmental.

Though Not Legally Binding ,The SDGS Have Become De Facto International Obligations And Have Potential To Reorient Domestic  Spending Priorities Of The Countries.

Indicators Are The Backbone Of Monitoring Progress Towards The SDGS. A Sound Indicator Framework Will Help Countries Develop Implementation Strategies And Allocate Resources Accordingly.

The Monitoring Will Occur At Global, Regional National And Thematic Levels With Each Level Requiring Different Types Of Indicators.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) 2016-2030

No Poverty -End Poverty In All Its Forms Everywhere

Zero Hunger -End Hunger ,Achieve Food Security And Improved Nutrition And Promote Sustainable Agriculture.

Good Health & Well-Bein-Ensure Inclusive And Equitable Quality Education And Promote Lifelong Learning Opportunities For All

Gender Equality – Achieve Equality And Empower All Women And Girls.

Clean Water & Sanitation-Ensure Availability And Sustainable Management Of Water And Sanitation For All

Affordable & Clean Energy-Ensure Access To Affordable, Reliable Sustainable And Modern Energy For All

Decent Work Innovation & Infrastructure- Build Resilient Infrastructure ,Promote Inclusive And Sustainable Industrialization And Foster Innovation

Reduced Inequalities- Reduce Inequality Within And Among Countries

Sustainable Cities & Communities- Make Cities And Human Settlements Inclusive ,Safe ,Resilient And Sustainable

Climate Action-Take Urgent Action To Combat Climate Change And Its Impacts

Life Below Water- Conserve And Sustainably Use The Oceans, Seas And Marine Resources For Sustainable Development

Life On Land- Protect, Restore And Promote Sustainable Use Of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Combat Desertification ,And Halt And Reverse Land Degradation And Halt Bio Diversity Loss.

Peace & Justice-Promote Peaceful And Inclusive Societies Provide Access To Justice For All And Build Effective ,Accountable And Inclusive Institutions At All Levels.

Partnership For The Goals – Strengthen The Means Of Implementation And Revitalize The Global Partnership For Sustainable Development.

The Focus Of SDG Monitoring Will Be At National Level With Countries Establishing A Respective National Indicator Framework(NIF).

Crisis At CBI

The Central Bureau Of Investigation (CBI) Has Recently Witnessed Unsavoury Developments Involving Its Two Senior most Officers- Director And Special Director. The Duo Had Traded Charges Of Official Misconduct And Corruption Against Each Other.

About CBI During The World War II, A Special Police Establishment (SPE) Was Constituted In 1941 In The Department Of War Of The British India To Enquire Into Allegations Of Bribery And Corruption In The War Related Procurements.

Later On It Was Formalized As An Agency To Investigate Into Allegations Of Corruption In Various Wings Of The Government By Enacting The Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE)Act,1946.

On The Recommendations Of The Santhanam Committee On Prevention Of Corruption (1962), The Central Bureau Of Investigation (CBI) Was Established In 1963 With A View To Investigate Crimes Related To Corruption Serious Fraud, Embezzlement Etc. The Special Police Establishment Was Also Merged With The CBI.

CBI Is Not A Statutory Body. It Derives Its Legal  Powers To Investigate Crime From The DSPE Act, 1946.

As India’s Representative At Interpol Acts As An Interface Between The Law Enforcement Agencies Of India And Other Countries To Ensure Cooperation In Investigation Of Crimes Having Transnational Ramifications.

The CBI Is Headed By A Director, Who Is Assisted By A Special Director Or An Additional Director.

CBI And The States

The CBI  Is A National Agency With Police Powers. Its Primary Jurisdiction In Confirmed To Delhi And Union Territories .As Policing (Detecting Crime And Maintaining Law And Order) Is A State Subject, The Law Allows The Agency To Function Outside Its Primary Jurisdiction Only With The  Consent Of The States.

There Have Been Several Instances Of State Governments Withdrawing Their Consent To The CBI To Operate Within Their Territories : The Most Recent Ones Include Andhra Pradesh And West Bengal. The Most Common Reason For Withdrawal Of Consent Is A Strain In Centre-State Relations, And Allegations That The Agency Is Misused Against Opposition Parties.

The Withdrawal Of General Consent Restricts  The CBI From Instituting ,New Cases In The State Concerned. However ,The Supreme Court (Kazi Lhendup Dorji Case 1994) Has Held That The Withdrawal Of Consent Applies Prospectively And Not On The Existing Cases.

Issues Involved

Corruption: With The Two Officers At Loggerheads Hinting That Corruption Is Pervasive Within The CBI, It Is The Agency Whose Credibility Is At Stake. This Controversy Was Preceded With Two Directors Coming Under Cloud- Ranjit Sinha And A.P Singh.

Political Interference: The Existing Procedure For The Appointment Of Directors Seem Inadequate To Insulate The Office From Political Interference Making CBI Act As A Caged Parrot Or A Handmaiden Of The Ruling Party At The Centre.

Conflict Of Interest: The Government Controlling CBI’S Administration And Selection Of Officers On Deputation Has Conflict Of Interest Given That CBI Has To Probe Governmental Corruption.

Manpower Shortage: CBI Also Struggles With Manpower Shortage Amidst Overburdening Of Cases. The Situation Aggravates Given It Is Composed Of Officers Working On Deputation Basis.

Poor Investigation: Several Cases Have Been Mired With Poor Investigation Which Highlights The Problem Of Mediocrity At India’s Premier Investigation Agency.

Way Forward

Autonomy: Making CBI Accountable To A Bipartism Committee Of Parliament Can Be The Way Out.The Current Deputation System Should Be Ended And CBI Must Cultivate Its Own Cadre Of Officers.

Shield The Director: The Office Of CBI Director Should Come With Its Own Prestige And Its Postretirement Employment With Government Should Be Prohibited.

Lok pal Act: The Lok pal And Lokayuktas Act 2013, Which Envisages Autonomous Functionating Of CBI, Needs To Be Implemented At The Earliest.

Transparency: Full Records Of Closed Cases Should Also Be Made Accessible Under Right To Information (RTI), After A Cooling Off Period. This Would Act As A Deterrent For Vested Interests And Incentive For Adopting Good Practices.

Comments

comments

mm
Er. HartaJ is one of the main Instructors and a part of the team At NCA. He himself has cleared the SSB process thrice, but as per his grandfather's Late Lt. Col H.S.Dhaliwal Wish he is continuing teaching and making officers. Been associated with New Careers Academy for the last 8 years, he also has been succefull in making Second and Third Generation Of officers. Once Taught by his Grandfather and Father Capt. Dhaliwal. He is know all across with students for the way he teaches and he is more of a role model for them .