For All Defence Aspirants Sand Mining Report of UNEP -Nca Academy

For All Defence Aspirants Sand Mining Report of UNEP -Nca Academy

Sand Mining Report Of UNEP

Recently, The United Nations Environment Program Me(UNEP) Released A Report, Sand And Sustainability :Finding New Solutions For Environmental Governance Of Global Sand Resources”.

Key Points

India And China Topped The List Of Countries Where Illegal Sand Mining Has Become A Major Environmental Problem.

Unsustainable Sand Mining Was Mainly Being Fed By The Growth Of Construction Work In China, Followed By India.

The Report, However, Also Highlighted How India And China Are Taking Steps To Check Illegal Sand Mining. India Is Implementing The Sustainable Sand Mining Management Guidelines, 2016 To Curb Illegal Sand Mining.

Sand And Gravel, The Report Says, Are The Second Largest Natural Resources Extracted And Traded By Volume After Water, But Among The Least Regulated.

The Scale Of The Challenge Inherent In Sand And Gravel Extraction Makes It One Of The Major Sustainability Challenges Of The 21st Century. The Extraction Of Sand From The Seabed Has Led To Pollution ,Flooding, Lowering Of Water Acquifers,Beach Erosion And More Frequent Droughts.

Recommendations The Report Suggests Better Spatial Planning And Reducing Unnecessary Construction, Thereby Making More Efficient Use Of Aggregates, Investing In Infrastructure Maintenance And Retrofitting Rather Than The Demolish And Rebuild Cycle, Embracing Alternative Design And Construction Methods, Even Avoiding The Use Of Cement And Concrete Where Possible, And Using Green Infrastructure.

Among The Studies On Recycled And Alternative Substitute Materials, The Report Points To ,Are Several From India, Including Oil Palm Shell, Waste ,Bottom Ash, And Discarded Rubber. It Also Cites The Use In India Of Non-Toxic Municipal Waste In Road –Building.

It Is Critical To Raise Awareness That What Is Seen As Cheap And Freely ,The Other Key Issue Is Governance.

At The Policy Level The Way Forward, The Report Suggests, Is To Strengthen Standards And Best Practices To Curb Irresponsible Extraction; Invest In Sand Production And Consumption Measurement, Monitoring And Planning; And Establish Dialogue Based On Transparency And Accountability.

The Report Calls For Large Scale Multipronged Actions From Global To Local Levels, Involving  Public, Private And Civil Society What Success Would Look Like, And Reconciling Policies And Standards With Sand Availability, Development Imperatives And Standards And Enforcement Realities.

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