For All Defence Aspirants NDA/CDS/AFCAT Part – 2
26 November: National Milk Day
Every year 26 November is being observed as National Milk Day (NMD) to mark birth anniversary Father of the White Revolution Dr.Verghese Kurien. Background: The idea of observing National Milk Day was first mooted by Indian Dairy Association (IDA) in 2014 on the lines of World Milk Day observed on June 1 under the aegis of UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The first NMD was observed on 26 November 2014 by all Indian diary sector majors including National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), IDA along with around 22 state level milk federations. About Dr.Verghese Kurien Verghese Kurien was born on 26 November 1921 in Calicut in then Madras Presidency of British India. He had died on 9 September 2012. Operation Flood: As a social entrepreneur he had started billion-litre idea-Operation Flood which was the world’s largest agricultural development programme. Operation had helped to transform India from a milk-deficit country into the world’s largest milk producer. Milk Co-operatives Movement: He had founded around 30 cooperative institutions of excellence (like AMUL, GCMMF, IRMA, NDDB) which are owned, managed by farmers and run by professionals. As the founding chairman of the Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), Dr. Kurien was pioneer in establishment and success of the Amul brand of dairy products. Milk powder: Under his chairmanship, Amul achieved key invention of milk powder processed from buffalo milk. Awards and Honours: Ramon Magsaysay Award (1963), World Food Prize (1989), Padma Shri (1965), Padma Bhushan (1966) and Padma Vibhushan (1999).
25th November: International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women
Every year on 25th November is observed as International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women (IDEVAW) across the world. Significance of Day: Raise awareness about violence against women and girls, end the violence against the women. Show that prevention is possible against violence of women. Key facts On occasion of this day, hundreds of monuments across the world were lit in orange to galvanise support for global action to end violence against women and girls. The orange colour symbolise a bright and optimistic future to free from violence against women and girls and will help unify the large-scale social mobilisation. Prevention is the theme of this year’s UNiTE campaign of IDEVAW which would be a 16 days-long activism against gender-based violence till 10th December 2015 i.e. till International Human Rights Day. Background: IDEVAW was commemorated in the memory of the Mirabal sisters who were three political activists from the Dominican Republic. They were brutally assassinated during the Rafael Trujillo dictatorship (1930-1961) in 1960.
India, Singapore enter into strategic partnership
India and Singapore have signed a joint declaration envisaging a Strategic Partnership to elevate bilateral relations of both countries. It was signed along with 10 bilateral agreements during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s official visit to Singapore as part of his second leg of two nation’s visit of South-East Asia viz. Malaysia and Singapore. The focus of the visit included ‘five S plank‘ i.e. scaling up trade and investment, smart cities, speeding up connectivity, skills development and state focus. Key facts The strategic partnership aims to catalyse the strategic relations between both countries ranging from political, defence and security cooperation to economic, cultural and people-to-people contacts. It would broaden and deepen engagement in existing areas of cooperation between both countries in various sectors. The various sectors are defence relations, economic and cultural cooperation, skill development and capacity building. Bilateral agreements signed are MoUs on curtailing drug trafficking and improving cybersecurity. Collaboration in urban planning and wastewater management. Extending of long-term loan of Indian artefacts to the Asian Civilisations Museum of Singapore. Cooperation in the fields of arts, museums, archives and monuments. MoU for cooperation in civil aviation services and airport management beginning with Jaipur and Ahmedabad airports. Operationalization of the Technical Agreement on sharing white-shipping information to enhance bilateral maritime security. Singapore-India Relations Singapore, one of the fastest growing economy is Southeast Asia region has approximately 3.5 lakh-strong Indian diaspora out of its total population of 5.5 million. India’s bilateral trade with Singapore is about 17 billion dollars and number of Singaporean companies are active in India since early 1990s. Singapore is the second-largest source of Foreign Direct Investment into India at about 35.9 billion dollars (from 2000 to 2015), which is about 13.9 per cent of India’s total inbound FDI. Singapore’s strategic location in Southeast Asia along with status as a financial, aviation and maritime hub is important aspect for India. Thus, presence of a large Indian diaspora, flow of investments and its expertise in urban development and skill development make it a very valued strategic partner for India.
SEBI, Bangladesh SEC ink MoU on bilateral cooperation
Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and Bangladesh Securities and Exchange Commission (BSEC) have signed a MoU on bilateral cooperation and technical assistance. The MoU was signed by SEBI chairman U K Sinha and BSEC Chairman M Khairul Hossain in the presence of Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina Wazed,. Key facts The MoU seeks to promote further development of economic links and cooperation between the two neighbouring countries. It also aims at enhancing investor protection and creating conditions for effective development of securities markets in both countries. It will further ease the training and technical assistance programme between the two different market jurisdictions. The MoU was signed by SEBI as part of its active engagement with the equities and commodities markets regulators in the SAARC region. So far, the equities and commodities market regulator SEBI has signed 20 such bilateral MoUs with other countries.
2019 new deadline for completion of PMGSY
Union Government has reduced the deadline for completion of flagship Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) for rural connectivity through all- weather roads from 2022 to 2019. The annual allocation of the Central release for PMGSY works during year 2015-16 also has been increased by 5,000 crore rupees. With this, the total Central allocation to states under PMGSY would now be 15,100 crore rupees. Key facts By providing enhanced financial allocation through a modified funding pattern in the PMGSY scheme, Government is seeking to accelerate the implementation of rural connectivity. It is also considering giving financial incentives to the states achieving the targets allocated to them under the PMGSY. Government also has accepted the recommendation of the Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored on modified sharing pattern. Recommendations: The sub group has recommended that fund sharing pattern of PMGSY between the Centre and States for all states will be in the ratio of 60:40. But for all land locked 8 North Eastern states and 3 Himalayan states, the fund sharing pattern of PMGSY between the Centre and States will be in the ratio of 90:10. About Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) PMGSY was launched in year 2000 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. Objective: To provide single all-weather road connectivity to all eligible unconnected rural villages (habitations). Nodal Authority: Union Ministry of Rural Development. It was fully funded by the central government. Implantation: Under phase I of PMGSY, 1,78,184 unconnected habitations were identified. So far, 1,12,550 identified habitations which accounts for 63 per cent of the target have been connected with the PMGSY roads. Presently, about 37 per cent of identified habitations
MoU inked to set up Railway Chair on Sustainable Mobility at TERI University
India Railways has inked a MoU to set up a Railway Chair on Sustainable Mobility at New Delhi campus of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) University. The chair would focus and promote research on various aspects including sustainable mobility, green energy and use of energy efficient technology initiatives by the Railways. Key facts The Chair would facilitate research into finding innovative solutions to achieve sustainable development of railways which is crucial mode of transport in the country. TERI University would impart best knowledge and its professionals in all aspects of sustainability with a multi-dimensional perspective relevant to railways. It would also seek to strength the on-going research in railways for sustainable development in order to open new vistas of research in the field of rail transport.
Indo-Pak border in Jaisalmer lighted with Solar power
India-Pakistan border in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan has been successfully lighted with solar power generated form first ever project of its kind undertaken in the country. The floodlights, along with fencing and border posts managed by Border Security Force (BSF) were supplied with the solar power generated from 5 MW solar power plant installed at Tata area, Jaisalmer. Key facts The solar energy vapour plant was installed by the Union Home ministry at a cost of 6 crore and 45 lakh rupees in sarkari tala area of Jaisalmer. The pilot project was set up the Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI). Power generated from the plant would be sold by SECI at the rate of 5 rupees 45 paise per unit. If this project is successful, all the international borders of the country will be powered with solar lighting and fencing by installing such solar plants. The major advantage of final implementation of this method would save crores of rupees on power bills of the government and end the huge diesel expenses for running the generator sets. Tags: Indo-Pak border • Ministry of Home Affairs • Solar energy
Noted labour economist T.S. Papola passes away
T.S. Papola Noted labour economist Dr. T.S. Papola passed away in New Delhi. He was 74. He had served as an advisor with the erstwhile Planning Commission of Union Government for eight years from 1987 to 1995. About Dr. T.S. Papola Papola was specialised in labour and employment, industrial economics, development planning, regional development and enterprise development. Teaching career: Papola had over 4 decades of experience in teaching, research and advisory assignments. He had taught at the various universities in India and abroad including in University of Lucknow and Bombay, Indian Institute of Management (Ahmedabad) and University of Cambridge, UK. Consultative and Advisory Roles: Papola had served as Chairman and Member of several State and National level bodies including the Prime Minister’s Advisory Council on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). He also had worked in consultative and advisory capacities with multiple international organisations such as UNCTAD, ILO, UNIDO, UNDP and UNICEF. Associated Institutions: He was founder member and former director and honorary professor at the Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID), New Delhi. He also had severed as Chairman of Lucknow based Giri Institute of Development Studies. He was founder member of New Delhi based Institute for Human Development (IHD) and Chairman of the 4th State Finance Commission (SFC) of Uttarakhand. Books: Papola had authored 14 books and around 80 research papers in reputed journals. He also had edited a 10-volume series on Labour regulation in Indian industry. Awards and Honours: VKRV Rao Young Social Scientist Prize for outstanding contribution in Economics (1984), VKRV Rao Lifetime Achievement Award for contribution to Social Science, Kautilya Award (2007) by the UP-Uttarakhand Economic Association.
Conservative Mauricio Macri wins presidential polls in Argentina
Mauricio Macri Conservative opposition candidate Mauricio Macri of Republican Proposal Party has won Argentina’s 2015 Presidential election. Mr Macri had secured more than 53 per cent votes defeating his rival Daniel Scioli of ruling Peronist Party who secured 47 per cent votes and ended the 12 years of leftist rule. He will succeed Christina Kirchner who had ruled the South American country since 2007 and reached the end of her two-term limit. About Mauricio Macri Born on 8 February 1959 in Tandil, Argentina. He is son of Francisco Macri who is one of Argentina’s richest men. Prior to entering politics, Mr Macri had a long career in business and holds civil engineer degree. Prior to getting elected as President, he was representing City of Buenos Aires in the lower house of the Argentine congress since 2007. In 1995, he was elected as president of Boca Juniors Football Club, one of the most popular football clubs in Argentina. He used his success at the club as a springboard for his political career and later was re-elected as President of Club in 1999 and 2003. Earlier in October 2015, Mr. Macri who is the mayor of Buenos Aires had lost to Mr.Scioli who is the governor of Buenos Aires province in the first round of voting.
Sri Lanka won’t allow any country to set up naval base on its territory
Ranil Wickremesinghe Sri Lankan Government has announced that they would not any country to set up naval base on its territory. This announcement was made by Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe while he was speaking at the International Maritime Dialogue at Galle, Sri Lanka. Significance of this announcement The statement of Sri Lankan Prime Minister ends the apprehensions that Sri Lanka may allow China to use all or part of any of its harbours or ports for strategic naval military use. Major setback for Chinese strategy to increase its geopolitical influence of soft diplomacy in Asia, East Africa connectivity and so called String of Pearls Theory. Possibly stop Chinese long term plan to extend its sea power and geopolitical influence in the Indian Ocean. Thus, benefiting India’s influence in strategically important maritime regions connecting west with east. Under the so called String of Pearls Theory China was building special diplomatic and military relationships with Pakistan and Sri Lanka for extending its reach down the Indian Ocean and secure its energy security sea lines. It was seeking to encircle India by setting up new strategic ports, airfields in Pakistan (Gwadar), Sri Lanka (Hambantota) and Bangladesh (Chittagong). Chinese intentions was to increase its geopolitical influence in the Indian Ocean region mainly to overcome several major maritime choke points for its sea lines such as the Strait of Mandeb, Strait of Malacca, Strait of Hormuz and Lombok Strait.
Delhi assembly passes CrPC (Delhi Amendment) Bill, 2015
2015No comments Delhi Assembly has passed the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) (Delhi Amendment) Bill, 2015. The bill amends section 176(1) of the CrPC Act, 1973 and widens the scope of magisterial inquiry into cases of suspicious death, rapes in police custody and suspicious disappearances. Thus, it empowers Delhi government to initiate a magisterial inquiry to cover any other cases in police custody and suspicious death. However, the passage of is consider as another Centre-state flashpoint because Opposition has argued that it challenges the authority of Parliament as Delhi Assembly is empowering itself by passing the bill. The Ruling Delhi Government has mentioned that CrPC Act, 1976 enacted by Parliament is a subject in the Concurrent list (having 52 items) in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India and having power to amend it.