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For All Defence Aspirants National Girl Child Policy -NCA ACADEMY

For All Defence Aspirants National Girl Child Policy -NCA ACADEMY

NATIONAL Girl Child Day

The Ministry Of Women& Child Development Has Celebrated National Girl Child Day (NGCD) On 24th January 2019.

Key Points

The Theme Of NGCD 2019 Was: Empowering Girls For A Brighter Tomorrow”.

It Was Celebrated With The Objective Of Generating Awareness On The Issue Of Declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) And Create A Positive Environment Around Valuing The Girl Child.

The Celebration Also Marked The 4th Anniversary Of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme Which Was Launched In 2014.

Background

Child Sex Ratio (CSR) Is Defined As The Number Of Girls Per 1000 Of Boys Between 0-6 Years Of Age. The Trend Of Decline In CSR Has Been Alarming From 945 In 1991 To 927 In 2001 And Further To 918 In 2011.

CSR Reflects Both, Pre-Birth Discrimination Manifested Through Gender –Based Sex Selection And Post-Birth Discrimination Against Girls.

The Government Has Announced The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Initiative To Ensure Survival, Protection And Empowerment Of The Girl Child.

The Initiative Is A Joint Initiative Of The Ministry Of Women And Child Development, Ministry Of Health And Family Welfare And Ministry Of Human Resource Development.

The Objectives Of This Initiative Are:

Prevention Of Gender –Based Sex0selective Elimination

Ensuring Survival And Protection; And Education And Participation Of The Girl Child

The World Bank,UN Women (A United Nations Entity Dedicated To Gender Equality And Empowerment Of Women), And Small Industries Development Bank Of India (SIDBI) Have Come Together To Launch A Five –Year Tenor Women’s Livelihood Bond(WLB).

Key Points

The Bonds Will Be Unsecured And Unlisted. The Bonds Will Be Placed With Leading Wealth Managers And Corporate In The Country On A Private Placement Basis. The Return On These Bonds Will Be 3 % Per Annum.

The Proceeds From These Social Impact Bonds (SIB) Will Be Used To Help Rural Women In The Country’s Poorest States To Set Up Or Scale Their Own Enterprises.

SIDBI Has Also Put Together Its Own 1,000 Crore Social-Impact Fund Prayaas’for Providing Funding Support To Women Entrepreneurs.

A Social Impact Bond(SIB) Is A Contract With The Public Sector Or Governing Authority, Whereby It Pays For Better Social Outcomes And Passes On The Part Of The Savings Achieved To Investors. A SIB Is Not A Bond, Per Se, Since Repayment And Return On Investment Depend On The Achievement Of Desired Social Outcomes; If The Objectives Are Not Achieved, Investors Receive Neither A Return Nor Repayment Of Principal.

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