For All Defence Aspirants Nation 100th Anniversary of ILO-NCA ACADEMY
100th Anniversary Of ILO
2019 Marks The 100th Anniversary Of The International Labour Organization(ILO). In The Run Up To The Anniversary Celebrations Seven Centenary Initiatives Are Being Implemented Aimed At Equipping The Organization To Take Up The Challenges Of Its Social Justice Mandate In Future.
International Labour Organization(ILO)
International Labour Organization (ILO) Is A United Nations Agency With Labour Issues, Particularly International Labour Standards, Social Protection And Work Opportunities For All.
ILO Was Created In 1919,As Aprt Of The Treaty Of Versailles That Ended World War, To Reflect The Belief That Universal And Lasting Peace Can Be Accomplished Only If It Is Based On Social Justice. It Became A Specialized Agency Of The United Nations In 1946.
It Is A Tripartite Organization ,The Only One Of Its Kind Bringing Together Representatives Of Governments ,Employers And Workers In Its Executive Bodies.
Since 1919, The International Lab our Organization Has Maintained And Developed A System Of International Lab our Standards Aimed At Promoting Opportunities For Women And men To Obtain Decent And Productive Work, In Conditions Of Freedom, Equity, Security And Dignity.
In 1969,ILO Received The Nobel Peace Prize For Improving Fraternity And Peace Among Nations, Pursuing Decent Work And Justice For Workers, And Providing Technical Assistance To Other Developing Nations.
India Is A Founder Member Of The International Lab our Organization.
The Headquarter Of ILO Is In Geneva, Switzerland.
The Seven Centenary Initiatives
Future Of Work Initiatives
Future Of Work Initiative: Initiating And Cultivating A Global Dialogue On The Future Of Work, To Build ILO’S Ability To Prepare And Guide Governments ,Workers And Employers To Better Meet The World Of Work Challenges Of The Next Century.
End Of Poverty Initiatives: Promoting A Multidimensional Response Through The World Of Work,Labour Markets, And Social And Employment Protection To Eradicate Global Poverty.
Women At Work Initiative: Reviewing The Place And Condition Of Women In The World Of Work. And Engaging Workers, Employers And Governments In Concrete Action To Realise Equality Of Opportunity And Treatment.
Green Initiatives : Scaling Up The ILO’s Office Wide Knowledge ,Policy Advice And Tools For Managing A Just Transition To A Low Carbon, Sustainable.
Standards Initiative: Enhancing The Relevance Of International Lab our Standards Through A Standards Review Mechanism And Consolidating Tripartite Consensus On An Authoritative Supervisory System.
Enterprises Initiative: Establishing A Platform For ILO Engagement With Enterprises Which Would Contribute To Their Sustainability And To ILO Goals.
Governance Initiatives: Reforming The ILO’S Governance Structures, Assessing The Impact Of The 2008 Declaration ,And Act On Its Finding.
The Eight Core ILO Conventions
India Has Ratified Six Out Of The Eight Core/Fundamental ILO Conventions These Are:
Forced Labour Convention.1930 (No.29),
Abolition Of Forced Labour Convention ,1957 (No.105),
Equal Remuneration Convention,1951
Discrimination (Employment And Occupations) Convention 1958
Minimum Age Convention,1973 (No.138 And
Worst Forms Of Child Labour Convention ,1999 (No.182).
India Has Not Ratified The Freedom Of Association And Protection Of The Right To Organize Convention ,1948 (No,87) And Right to Organize And Collective Bargaining Convention,1949.
The Main Reason For Non-Ratification Of ILO Conventions No.87 & 98 Is Certain Restrictions Imposed On The Government Servant. Their Ratification Would Involve Granting Of Certain Rights That Are Prohibited Under The Statutory Rules. For The Government Employees Policies, To Freely Accept Financial Contribution Etc.