For All Defence Aspirants India’s First Lokpal-NCA ACADEMY

For All Defence Aspirants India’s First Lokpal-NCA ACADEMY

India First’s Lokpal

The President Appointed The Former Supreme Court Judge Pinaki Chandra Ghose As India’s First Anti Corruption Ombudsman Or Lokpal.

Key Points

Most Of The Anti-Corruption Agencies Are Hardly Independent. The Supreme Court Has Even Termed The Central Bureau Of Investigation  (CBI) As A Caged Parrot And Its Master ‘S Voice.

Many Of These Agencies Are Advisory Bodies. There Is Also The Problem Of Internal Transparency And Accountability. There Is No Effective Mechanism To Put Checks On These Agencies. In This  Context, An Independent Institution Of Lokpal Has Been A Landmark Move In The History Of Indian Polity Which Offered A Solution To The Never Ending Menace Of Corruption.

The Lokpal And Lokayukta Act,2013 Provides For The Establishment Of Lokpal For The Union And Lokayukta For States. These Institutions Are Statutory Bodies Without Any Constitutional Status.

They Function As An Ombudsman And Inquire Into Allegations Of Corruption Against Certain Public Functionaries And For Related Matters.


In 1809,The Institution Of Ombudsman Was Inaugurated Officially In Sweden.

In 1967, Great Britain Adopted The Institution Of The Ombudsman And Became The First Major Nation In The Democratic World To Have Such A System.

In India, The Concept Of Constitutional Ombudsman Was First Proposed By The Then Law Minister Ashok Kumar Sen In Parliament In The Early 1960s. The Term Lokpal And Lokayukta Were Coined Dr. L.M Singhvi.

In 1966, The First Administrative Reforms Commission Recommended The Setting Up Of Two Independent Authorities-At The Central And State Level-To Look Into Complaints Against Public Functionaries Including Mps.

In 2005,The Second Administrative Reforms Commission Chaired By Veerapa Moily Recommended That The Office Of Lokpal Should Be Established Without Delay.

In 2011, The Government Formed A Group Of Ministers Chaired By Pranab Mukherjee To Suggest Measures To Tackle Corruption And Examine The Proposal Of A Lokpal Bill.

India Against Corruption Movement Led By Anna Hazare Put Pressure On The Government Which Resulted In The Passing Of The Lokpal And Lokayuktas Act,2013.It Received Assent From President On January 01,2014.

Lokpal And Lokayuktas ,2013

The Act Provides For The Establishment Of A Body Of Lokpal Into Allegations Of Corruption Against Certain Public Functionaries.

It Extends To The Whole Of India. It Applies To Public Servants In And Outside India.

The Lokpal Shall Inquire Or Cause An Inquiry To Be Conducted Into Any Matter That Involves Any Allegations Of Corruption Made In A Complaint In Respect Of The Following Namely.

Any Person Who Is Or Has Been A Prime Minister (Except For Certain Exceptions With Respect To Matters Related To Security, International Relations Etc.

Any Person Who Is Or Has Been A Minister Of The Union Or A Member Of Parliament.

Group A  To D Officers As Defined In Prevention Of Corruption Act,1988.

The Act Also Mandates That All Public Officials Should Furnish The Assets And Liabilities Of Themselves As Well As Their Respective Dependents.

It Shall Be The Duty Of The Lokpal To Present Annually To The President A Report To Be Laid Before Each House Of The Parliament.

To Some Extent, The Need For Functional Independence Of The CBI Has Also Been Catered To By A Change Brought Forth In The Selection Process Of Its Director By This Act.

The Inquiry Wing Of The Lokpal Has Been Vested With The Powers Of A Civil Court.

Lokpal Has The Power To Recommended Transfer Or Suspension Of Public Servant Connected With Allegations Of Corruption.

Structure Of Lokpal

Lokpal Is A Multi-Member Body That Consists Of One Chairperson And A Maximum Of 8 Members.

The Chairperson Should Be Either The Former Chief Justice Of India Or A Former Judge Of Supreme Court Or An Eminent Person With Impeccable Integrity, Having Special Knowledge And Expertise Of Minimum 25 Years In The Matters Like Anti -Corruption Policy, Public Administration And Vigilance.

Out Of The Maximum Eight Members, Half Will Be Judicial Members And Minimum 50 % Of The Members Shall Be SCs/STs/OBCs/Minorities And Women.

The Judicial Member Of The Lokpal Shall Be Wither A Former Judge Of The Supreme Court Or A Former Chief Justice Of A High Court.

The Non-Judicial Members Should Be Eminent Persons With Impeccable Integrity, Having  Special Knowledge And Expertise Of Minimum 25 Years In The Matters Like Anti-Corruption Policy, Public Administration And Vigilance.

The Term Of Office For Lokpal Chairman And Members Is 5 Years Or Till Age Of 70 Years.

The Members Are Appointed By The President On The Recommendation Of A Selection Committee. The Oath Of Office Of The Chairperson(Lokpal) Is Administered By The President While That Of Other Members Of The Lokpal Is Administered By The Chairperson Himself.

The Selection Committee Is Composed Of The Prime Minister (As The Chairperson) ;Chief Justice Of India Or A Judge Nominated By Him; Speaker Of The Lok Sabha ,Leader Or Opposition In The Lok Sabha And One Eminent Jurist.

For Selecting The Chairperson Committee Constitutes A Search Committee Of At Least Eight Persons.

Lokpal Search Committee

The Department Of Personnel And Training (DoPT) Prepares A List Of Candidates Which Is Placed To The Search Committee.

The Search Committee Shortlists The Names And Places Them Before The Selection Committee Headed By The Prime Minister.

The Selection Committee Shortlists May Or May Not Pick Names Suggested By The Search Committee.






Er. HartaJ is one of the main Instructors and a part of the team At NCA. He himself has cleared the SSB process thrice, but as per his grandfather's Late Lt. Col H.S.Dhaliwal Wish he is continuing teaching and making officers. Been associated with New Careers Academy for the last 8 years, he also has been succefull in making Second and Third Generation Of officers. Once Taught by his Grandfather and Father Capt. Dhaliwal. He is know all across with students for the way he teaches and he is more of a role model for them .