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For All Defence Aspirants India Launches Asiatic Lion Conservation Project

For All Defence Aspirants India Launches Asiatic Lion Conservation Project

India launches Asiatic lion conservation project

 

The ministry of environment, forest and climate change, has launched the Asiatic lion conservation project with an aim to protect and conserve the world’s last ranging free population of Asiatic lion and its associated ecosystem.

Key points

The project will strengthen the ongoing measures for conservation and recovery of Asiatic lion with the help of state -of-the -art techniques/ instruments,regular scientific research sureveillance patrolling techniques.

The total budget of the project for 3 years amounts to nearly 9784 lakh. It will be funded from the centrally sponsored scheme-development of wildlife habitat (CSS-DWH) with the contributing ratio being 60:40 between central and state.

The project activities is envisaged in a manner to cause habitat improvement ,scientific interventions ,disease control and veterinary care supplemented with adequate eco development works for the fringe population in order to ensure a stable and viable lion population in the country.

Background

Asiatic lions that once ranged from Persia(iran) to palamau in eastern India were almost driven to extinction by indiscriminate hunting and habitat loss. A single population of less than 50 lions persisted in the gir forests of Gujarat by late 1890’s.

With timely and stringent protection offered by the state and central government. Asiatic lions have increased. The last census in the year 2015 showed the population of 523 asiatic lions in gir protected area network of 1648.79sq.km.that includes gir national park.gir sanctuary ,pania sanctuary mitiyala sanctuary adjoining reserved forests, protected forests, and unclassed forest.

The ministry in the past has supported Asiatic lion in Gujarat by including it in list of 21 critically endangered species for recovery programme and financial assistance under the species recovery component of CSS-DWH.

Integrated development of wildlife habitats’(IDWH)

Integrated development of wildlife habitats (IDWH) is an on going centrally sponsored scheme which has been made operational by adding more components and activities to the erstwhile centrally sponsored scheme-assistance for the development of national parks and “sanctuaries”during the 11th plan period.

Under IDWH ,the financial aiisstance is provided to state/ UT government for protection and conservation of wildlife and its habitats in protected areas(Pas) as well as outside Pas and also for the recovery programmes of the critically endangered species.

The scheme has three components: centrally sponsored scheme of project tiger; development of wildlife habitats; project elephant.

The implementation of the scheme is done through the respective states in designated tiger reserves, protected areas and elephant reserves.

Sea levels could rise by up to 2.8 feet in india

According to studies done by Hyderabad based Indian national centre for ocean information services(INCOIS) sea levels along the Indian coast are protected to rise varyingly by 3.5 inches to as much as 34 inches (2.8 FEET)by the end of the century due to global warming. This poses a potent threat to vast stretches of the western coastline, including Mumbai, as well as to major deltas in east India.

Key points

Mumbai and other west coast stretches such as Khambhat and Kutch in Gujarat ,parts of Konkan and south Kerala are “most vulnerable “ to sea level rise.

Threats posed by sea level rise have direct implication for India’s  food security as hundreds of millions of people are dependent on river water systems that could be adversely impacted by possible inundation.

According to the report rise in sea level will threaten river systems and there will be increase in population at risk from flooding due to more frequent severe weather events.

Water demand is rising and a UNESCO report (2018) warned that central and south India will face high levels of deterioration of water supply by 2050.

The deltas of ganga ,Krishna ,Godavari, Cauvery and Mahanadi on the coast may be threatened along with irrigated land and a number of urban and other settlements that are situated in them.

Way forward

The government must take proactive steps to protect the country’s coastal areas and communities.

There is need for stringent applications and enforcement of the coastal regulation zone(CRZ) notification,2011 and island protection zone (IPZ) notification,2011 which are enforced and implemented by the coastal zone management authorities (CZMAs) of states and UTs. CZMA are empowered to inquire into cases of alleged violation and take appropriate action under the law.

There is a need to increase area under mangrove cover and ensure protection of livelihoods of fisher folk communities. Preservation of coastal ecology and delineation of erosion line over the entire coastline as a part of hazard line mapping exercise must be prioritized.

National disaster management authority and state disaster management authorities must conduct mock exercise among coastal communities to increase disaster mitigation and prevention awareness among them. Urban authorities must ensure that coastal city infrastructure is disaster resistant.

Centre proposes ban on animals in circuses

Under the newly notified draft performing animals(registration) amendment rules,2018 ministry of environment, forest and climate change has proposed banning the use of all animals in any mobile entertainment.

Key points

New rule 13A is proposed to be added to performing animals (registration )rules,2001,under rule 13 which will prohibit exhibiting and training of animals for specified performances.

Though the ministry had banned the use of lions ,tigers, panthers, monkeys, bears and bulls in 2011 as part of its species-species rules, the new draft will now be applicable for all animals across the country.

The rules will serve to eliminate the maltreatment of animals who are forced to live in confined spaces and perform acts that are painful and not in keeping with their natural instincts.

Central zoo authority

In India zoos are regulated as per provisions of wildlife life(protection)act, 1972 and guided by national zoo policy ,1992. The wildlife protection act was amended in 1991 to establish central zoo authority.

Central zoo authority is a statutory body whose main objective is to enforce minimum standards and norms for upkeep and health care of animals in Indian zoos.

Central zoo authority is headed by minister of state for environment & forests(forests & wildlife)

It will spell relief for animal who go through the ordeal of training that is often coercive.

The absence of animals limits the business of circuses to human performers and could accelerate its decline as a popular and relatively inexpensive entertainment.

The central zoo authority had earlier withdrawn recognition for use of elephants in circuses, but the operators used to violate it in absence of clarity in the existing rules by approaching various courts.

Hippos, macaws cockatoos etc which are exotic wild species are being smuggled in for unnatural performances in circuses, despite CITES restrictions.

Convention on international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora (CITES)

It is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plant does not threaten their survival.

CITES is an international agreement to which states and regional economic integration organizations adhere voluntarily.

Although CITES is legally binding on the parties it does not take the place of national laws.

Rather it provides a framework to be respected by each party which has to adopt its own domestic legislation to ensure that CITES is implemented at the national level.

CITES has the largest membership, with now 183 parties.

For more information on the ways to join defence go on the following links

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