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For All Defence Aspirants Doubling Farmer’s Income :An analysis

For All Defence Aspirants Doubling Farmer’s Income :An analysis

Doubling Farmer’s Income An Analysis

The Government Has Set A Target Of Doubling Farmer’s Income By 2022.

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Ashok Dalwai Committee :In April 2016, The Central Government Set Up An Inter-Ministerial Committee Headed By Ashok Dalwai To Suggest Ways To Double Farmer’s Income.

E-NAM: The Government Launched An Electronic National Agriculture Market Or E-NAM In April,2016 To Facilitate Online Trade To Give More Choice Of Buyers To Farmers.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PNFBY): A Revamped Crop Insurance Scheme Was Lanched In The Kharif Season Of 2016 Which Promised Reduced Premiums And Higher Coverage Of Risks.

Model APMC Act: In April 2017 ,The Central Government Rolled Out A New Agriculture Produce And Marketing Act( Model Agriculture Produce And Marketing Act) And Urged States To Adopt It For Making Wholesale Markets More Competitive And Transparent.

Model Contract Farming Act: NITI Aayog Finalized A Model Contract Farming Act In May 2018 To Integrate Farmers With Bulk Purchasers And Agro Industries.

PM AASHA(PRADHAN MANTRI ANNADATAAAY SANRAKSHAN ABHIYAN: To Ensure That Farmers Receive The Promised MSP- For Oilseeds And Pulses-The Government Launched PM-AASHS In September 2018 Which Involves A Mix Of Direct Procurement ,Reimbursement Of Losses To Farmers When They Are Forced To Set All At Prices Lower Than MSP, And Encouraging Private Participation In MSP -Based Procurement.

Challenges

Agriculture Economists Point To The Fact That It Is Not Possible To Double Farm Incomes By 2022 Due To The Dismal Agriculture Growth Rates In Recent Past.

From The Time A Farmer Comes Up With His Produce Till The Time His Produce Reaches Consumers, There Are Lots Of Intermediaries ,With Each One Getting Better Share Than The Farmer.

Inadequate Warehousing Facilities At The Village Level Head To Huge Post- Harvest Losses And Distress Sale By Farmers.

Way Forward

Revive The Basic Philosophy Of Collectivisation And Aggregation. There Is A Need For More Farmer Producer Organisations (Fpos) That Will Enable Farmers To Directly Give Their Produce To Processing Companies.

Create An Enabling Environment For Post-Production Activities So That Value Addition Of Agricultural Produce Takes Place And Therby Farmers Get Additional Income.

Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) Reforms Should Be Prioritized By The States So That Farmers Get Fair Price Of Their Produce.

Deficiencies Of Minimum Support Price (MSP) Regime Should Be Addressed By Exploring Alternative Options Like Direct Income Support (DIS) ,Price Deficiency Payment (PDP) Etc.

Ashok Dalwai Committee Recommendations

Concurrent List: Place Agricultural Marketing In The Concurrent List

FPO/VPO: Farmer’s Produce Organisations (FPO) And Village Producer  Organisations (VPO) Need To Be  Strengthened And Expanded So As To Integrate Small And Marginal Farmers Into The Agricultural Marketing Logistics.

Private Sector: Need For Greater Private Sector Participation In Agri-Marketing System.

Exports : Need To Focus On Exports Of Agri -Commodities So As To Leverage The Larger Global Market Especially During Years Of Bumper Production. The Aim Should Be To Raise Agricultural Export By At Least Three Times By 2022-23.

Institutional Credit: Need To Step Up Institutional Credit For Farmers On A Large Scale.

Making India A $ 5 Trillion Economy

A Working Group Constituted To Develop A Roadmap Towards Achieving A $ 5 Trillion Economy By 2025 Has Prepared Its Report Recently.

Key Points

The Working Group Was Constituted By The Department Of Industrial Policy And Promotion (DIPP) Under The Ministry Of Commerce And Industry With Participation From Government And Industry.

India Is One Of The Fastest Growing Major Economies And Is Currently Ranked As The World’s Sixth Largest Economy In Terms Of GDP .Projections Of Growth, Over The Medium Term, Remain Encouraging And Optimistic For India.

The Current Structure Of The Economy And The Emerging Dynamics Provide India Grounds To Targets Achieving $ 1 Trillion From Agriculture And Allied Activities, $ 1 Trillion From Manufacturing And $ 3 Trilion From Services.

Agriculture Sector : In Agriculture The Government Is Aiming To Orient Policy Focus From Being Production -Centric To Income -Centric. The Emphasis On Income Provides A Broader Scope Towards Achieving The Needed Expansion Of The Sector.

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Er. HartaJ is one of the main Instructors and a part of the team At NCA. He himself has cleared the SSB process thrice, but as per his grandfather's Late Lt. Col H.S.Dhaliwal Wish he is continuing teaching and making officers. Been associated with New Careers Academy for the last 8 years, he also has been succefull in making Second and Third Generation Of officers. Once Taught by his Grandfather and Father Capt. Dhaliwal. He is know all across with students for the way he teaches and he is more of a role model for them .