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For All Defence Aspiants India To Host CMS COP 13 in 2020-NCA ACADEMY

For All Defence Aspiants India To Host CMS COP 13 in 2020-NCA ACADEMY

India To Host CMS COP 13 IN 2020

The 13th Conference Of Parties (COP) Of The Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals (CMS) Will Be Hosted By India In February 2020 In Gujarat.

Key Points

Great Indian Bustard Will Be The Mascot Of The Event.

Hosting Of COP Would Give India An Opportunity To Showcase Its Conservation Initiatives For Wildlife Species.

It Will Also Provide A Global For Deliberations On The Conservation And Sustainable Use Of Migratory Wild Animals And Their Habitat.

Migratory Species & India

Migratory Species Are Those Animals That Move From One Habitat To Another During Different Times Of The Year ,Due To Various Factors Such As Food,Sunlight,Temperature,Climate Etc.

India Is A Temporary Home To Several Migratory Animals And Birds. The Important Among These Include Amur Falcons,Bar Headed Geese,Black Necked Cranes,Marine Turtles,Dugongs Humpbacked Whales,Etc.

The Indian Sub-Continent Is Also Part Of The Major Bird Flyway Network,I.E, The Central Asian Flyway (CAF) That Covers Areas Between The Arctic And Indian Oceans.

India Has Identified 20 Wetlands For The Conservation Of Migratory Birds Under The National Action Plan For Conservation Of Migratory Birds And Their Habitats Along Central Asian Flyway (2018-2023).

Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals (CMS)

An Environmental Treaty Under The Aegis Of The United Nations Environment Programme,CMS (Also Referred To As The Bonn Convention) Provides A Global Platform For The Conservation And Sustainable Use Of Migratory Animals And Their Habitats.

Founded In 1983,CMS Brings Together The States Through Which Migratory Animals Pass, The Range States,And Lays The Legal Foundation For Internationally Coordinated Conservation Measures Throughout A Migratory Range.

It Is The Only Global Convention Specializing In The Conservation Of Migratory Species,Their Habitats And Migration Routes.

India Has Been A Party To The CMS Since 1983 The Conference Of Parties (COP) Is The Decision Making Organ Of This Convention.

India Has Also Signed Non Legally Binding Mou With CMS On The Conservation And Management Of Siberian Cranes(1998) ,Marines Turtles,(2007) Dugongs(2008) And Raptors(2016).

Flyways Are Routes Used Regularly By Migrating Birds,Bats ,Or Butterflies.

About 370 Species Of Migratory Birds Visit Indian Subcontinent From Three Flyways Of Which 310 Predominantly Use Wetlands As Habitats.

The Flyways Are The Central Asian Flyway(CAF), The East Asian –Australasian Flyway And The Asian –East African Flyway.

India Has A Strategic Role In The Flyway,As It Provides Critical Stopover Sites To Migratory Bird Species.

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