For AFCAT 1 2019 Comprehension Exercises Part 1
Direction (Q. 1 to 5) : Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
A story tells that two friends were walking through the desert. During some point of the journey they had an argument, and one friend slapped the other one in the face. The one who got slapped was hurt, but without saying anything, wrote in the sand : “TODAY MY BEST FRIEND SLAPPED ME IN THE FACE.” They kept on walking until they found an oasis, where they decided to take a bath. The one who had been slapped got stuck in the mire and started drowning, but the friend saved him. After the friend recovered from the near drowning, he wrote on a stone : “TODAY MY BEST FRIEND SAVED MY LIFE.” The friend who had slapped and saved his best friend asked him, “After I hurt you, you wrote in the sand, and now, you write on a stone. Why ?”
The other friend replied : “When someone hurts us, we should write it down in sand where winds of forgiveness can erase it away. But, when someone does something good for us, we must engrave it in stone where no wind can ever erase it.”
1. Why did the friend who got hurt write on the sand ?
A. Because he was very kind-hearted B. Because he was too weak to take revenge
C. Because he knew that his feeling of hurt was temporary D. Because he loved his friend too much
E. None of these
2. What is an oasis ?
A. An oasis is a tall tree found in a desert. B. An oasis is a water body found in a desert.
C. An oasis is a creature like centipede. D. An oasis is a grassland.
E. Other than given options.
What did one of the friends do after recovering from the near drowning ?
A. He rebuked his friend. B. He avenged by slapping his friend in his face.
C. He wrote something on sand in his praise. D. He wrote something about his friend to express his gratitude.
E. Other than given options
4 . What does writing on the stone suggest ?
A. Writing something on stone means expressing one’s love for another.
B. Writing on stone means writing something with an intention to make it last forever.
C. Writing something on stone means expressing one’s extreme anger.
Writing something on stone means writing something with a view to preaching one and all.
E. All the above
What is the synonym of the word ‘engrave’ as used in the passage ?
A. dislodge B. neglect
C. aid D. inscribe
As I stepped out of the train I felt unusually solitary, since I was the only passenger. I was accustomed to arriving in the summer, when holiday-makers throng coastal resorts, and this was my first visit when the season was over. My destination was a little village eight miles distant by the road, but only four if you took the cliff path over the moor. This I always did, unless it was raining; and I left my luggage at the bus office beside the railway station, to be conveyed for me on the next bus, so that I could enjoy my walk unhampered by a suitcase. It took me only a few minutes to come to the foot of the cliff path. Halfway up I paused to enjoy the sight of the purple hill’s stretching away to my right and to my left the open sea. When I reached the top I had left all signs of habitation behind me. The moorland turf was springy under my feet, the air was like wine and I felt rejuvenated and intoxicated with it. Glancing seaward a minute or two later, I was surprised to notice that the sky was already aflame with the sunset. The air grew perceptibly cooler and I began to look forward to the delectable hot meal I should have when I reached the inn. It seemed to be getting dark amazingly quickly. I did not think that I had walked unduly slowly and I was at a loss to account for the exceptionally early end of daylight, until I recollected that on previous visits I had walked in high summer and now it was October and the nights were drawing in.
All at once it was night. The track was grassy and even in daylight showed up hardly at all against the moor, so it was difficult to keep on it now. If only I had been a smoker with matches always to hand, or if my torch had been in my pocket instead of in the suitcase, I could have walked with more assurance. As it was, I was terrified of hurling over the edge of the cliff to the rocks below. When I did stray, however, it was towards the hills. I felt my feet squelching and sticking in something soggy. There was no bog to my knowledge near the track, so I must have wandered a long way off my course. I extricated myself with difficulty and very cautiously edged myself towards the sound of the sea. Then I bumped into a little clump of trees that suddenly loomed up in front of me. This was providential rest and shelter until the moon rose. I climbed up the nearest trunk and managed to find a tolerably comfortable fork in which to sit. The waiting seemed interminable and was relieved only by my attempts to identify the little stirrings and noises of animal life that I could hear. I grew colder and colder and managed to sleep only in uneasy, fitful starts, waking when my position got cramped. At last, when the moon came up I discovered that I was not more than fifty yards from the track and I was soon on my way again.
6. . The writer found it difficult to keep to the path because of
A. The darkness and narrowness of the path B. Poor visibility and grassy track
C. The darkness and his slow pace D. Poor visibility and dew on grass.
7. When he settled himself on the fork of the tree the writer ______
A. had a sound sleep B. was disturbed by noises of animals.
C. was too afraid to sleep. D. tried to sleep but without much success.
8. The writer felt unusually solitary because
A. he was feeling very lonely without his family B. he was missing the company of other holiday-makers
C. his destination was a little village eight miles away D. there was no one to meet him
9. “I left all signs of habitation behind me.” This means that he
A. was in front of a large collection of cottages. B. was in front of a large collection of cottages.
C. had come very far from places where people lived. D. had just passed a remote village.
10. It became darker than the writer expected because
A. the nights are shorter in autumn than in summer. B. the nights are longer in October than midsummer.
C. the train arrived later than usual. D. he had walked unduly slowly.
Directions (1-10): In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. For each blank five words have been suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word each case.
The strongest of bilateral relations are (1) in defence and security cooperation. Economic relations are (2) important. But they are not a full (3) of the depth of a partnership. The Britain-US relation is the best example, with bilateral trade only 2.7% of the total US trade, only 1% higher than the India-US figure. There are many (4) why defence and security cooperation could begin (5) wider Indo-US bilateral ties. The most important factor is that both nations are deeply (6) of the ‘peaceful rise’ of China. Despite being militarily inferior, China harasses American ships and planes in the South China Sea. Further, China’s ‘nine dashed line’ (7) policy in the South China Sea that runs (8) to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and its (9) posturing against Vietnam and Japan over (10) islands, are portentous.
12. 1) strictly
13. 1) area
14. 1) reasons
15. 1) opening
16. 1) haughty
17. 1) denotation
18. 1) converse
19. 1) destructive
20. 1) disputed
2) no man’s