Current Affairs for Upcoming CDS Examination Indian Culture Part 1
Current Affairs for Upcoming CDS Examination Indian Culture Part 1
With the recent trend followed in the UPSC Pre paper we are lining up the same set of current affairs notes for the CDS/NDA Aspirants
Shmhastha Kumbh Mela
Shmhastha kumbh mela began with the mass dip taken by thousands of devotees from all parts of the country on the banks of river kshipra, located in Ujjain.
According to Hindu mythology, during a war between demigods and demons for the possession of elixir of eternal life, a few drops of it had fallen on these four places, which bestowed them with mystical powers.
The normal kumbh mela is held every 3 years, while the Ardh (half) kumbh mela is held every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad (Prayag).
The Purna (complete) Kumbh mela takes places every twelve years, at four places Prayag ( at the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraaswati rivers);Nasik ( on Godavari river); Ujjain ( on Kshipra rier) ; and Haridwar ( on Ganga river ).
The exact date is determined according to a combination of Zodiac positions of Jupiter, Sun and Moon
The Maha Kumbh mela is celebrated at Prayag after 144 years (after 12 Purna Kumbh Melas)
The 1st written evidence of the kumbh mela is found in the accounts of Chinese traveler Hsuan Tsang who visited India in 629-645 CE, during the regin of King Harshavardhana.
Bull fight is a very popular game in Goa that takes place between two bulls. It is known as ‘Dhirio’ in Konkani and is a simple game in which the bulls fight one another.
The bulls are bred and trained to fight and the game attracts huge crowds.
It usually takes place in an open area with a bamboo fence created outside the village. Bullfighting was banned in Goa in 1998.
Geological Marvel : Borra caves
Borra Caves is believed to be formed by the khondalite rocks of Archaen age some 150 million years ago. The caves, considered as a geological marvel is 2,300 feet above the mean sea levels (MSL) and has a depth of 275 feet. It was discovered by the British geologist William King in 1887 when he, along with his team was looking for a shelter during a sudden downpour. It was only after the construction of the erstwhile DBK railway line, which then had Visakhapatnam, as its headquarters, and a railway station was set up at Borra, that site became popular.
Mysuru’s heritage — Nada Kushti (wrestling) — has made it to the cover page of an international publication titled Beyond the Body , with 183 black-and-white pictures by renowned Polish photographer Tomasz Gudzowaty.
Beyond the Body has been edited by Nan Goldin, a well-known American photo journalist.
Garadi is the traditional gym.
Nada Kusti is traditional wrestling played in mud.
The other projects featured in the book include Kalaripayattu and women’s boxing shot in Kerala, Yoga (with Mysore Yoga practitioners shot in Varanasi), and Urban Golf in India (shot with caddies in Mumbai and in other countries.)
India Art Fair
India Art Fair, previously known as India Art Summit, is an annual Indian modern and contemporary art fair held in New Delhi, India.
The fair includes paintings, sculptures, photography, mixed media, prints, drawings and video art.
The first three editions of the fair were organized at Pragati Maidan,one of India’s largest and oldest exhibitions grounds. Starting from the 4th edition, the venue was shifted to NSIC grounds, Okhla.
First held in 2008, it is India’s largest art fair.The art fair includes several pavilions of exhibits by galleries and solo projects by several artists. It also has an art education series with guided walks conducted by curators and students of art history. Simultaneously, there is a speakers’ forum with panel of Indian and international experts from the art domain to discuss issues pertaining to the art in the region.
It focuses on key issues related with the art production, art market and its reception in India.
The first fair targeted over 6000 visitors with 34 exhibiting galleries at the fair, and over 550 contemporary and modern artworks. The fair rapidly gained popularity and the first three fairs had a total 146,000 visitors, making it among the world’s most popular art fairs.
Vichitrapuri Saris or Pasapalli Saris
It is a handloom sari weaved mainly in the Bargarh district of Odisha.
The name Pasapalli is derived from pasa or gambling games using chess board.
These saris have intricate check patterns of contrast colors resembling the chess board which gives it such name.
The Ambubachi Mela held at Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati, Assam.
It is the celebration of the yearly menstruation course of goddess Kamakhya. It is believed that the presiding goddess of the temple, Devi Kamakhya, the Mother Shakti, goes through her annual cycle of menstruation during this time stretch.
It is also believed that during the monsoon rains the creative and nurturing power of the ‘menses’ of Mother Earth becomes accessible to devotees at this site during the mela.
There is no idol of the presiding deity but she is worshipped in the form of a yoni-like stone instead over which a natural spring flows.
Attukal Pongala mahotsavam is the most important festival celebrated at the Attukal Bhagavathy Temple, one of the ancient temples of South India, is popularly described as Sabarimala of the Women, as women from the major portion of devotees and is located at Attukal in Thirvananthapuram, Kerala, india.
This festival has been entered into the Guinness book of world records as the largest congregation of women in the world.
Jallikattu also known as Eruthazhuvuthal or Manju virattu, is an event held in Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations on Mattu Pongal day. Bulls are bred specifically by people of the village for the event and attended mainly by many villages’ temple bulls (koil kaalai).
A temple bull is like the head of all cattle in a village; special rituals will be performed for this temple bull during important days. During the event, prices are announced to encourage the youth to participate. After the event, tamed weak bulls are used for domestic activities and agriculture, meanwhile the untamable strong bulls are used for breeding the cows. It is said to be ingenious where both sport and preservation of Ecosystem works well together.
In May 2014, the Supreme Court of India banned the practice, citing animal welfare issues. On 8 January, 2016, the Government of India passed an order exempting Jallikattu from all performances where bulls cannot be used, effectively reversing the ban. However, on 14 January, 2016, the Supreme Court of India upheld its ban on the event, leading to protests all over Tamil Nadu.
Phulkari, a rural tradition of handmade embroidery, literally meaning “flower work”, was perpetuated by the women of Punjab during the 19th century and till the beginning of the 20th century.
A domestic art once, phulkari was done by women for their own use and was not available for sale in the market.
Phulkari and baghs are worn by women across Punjab during marriages, festivals and other joyous occasions. Old phulkari chaadars are traditionally passed down by one generation to another.
Bathukamma is the annual festival of flowers ahead of Dasara, and unique only to Telangana region in the country.
The nine-day festival is celebrated to offer prayers to Goddess Gowri in from of flowers.
It is now s State festival of Telangana.
Ahmedabad Nominated for UN Heritage City
The Union govt nominated Gujarat’s Ahmedabad to UNESCO for “world heritage city” status. The results of years’ nomination will be announced in June 2017.
Ahmedabad made the cut since it was the only Indian city, besides Delhi and Mumbai, to figure on UNESCO’s ‘tentative list’. The dossier prepared by the state said the old city of Ahmedabad “inhabited since the 11th century”, has 36 ASI-protected structures, hundreds of pols (housing clusters) and a heritage cell (the only Indian city to have such a specialized organization for historical sites).
While Ahmadabad’s nomination will be considered by UNESCO for next year’s ‘Heritage city’ tag, the ruins of ancient Nalanda are vying for the ‘Heritage Site’ tag this year (June 2016). Besides, Chandigarh is already part of a ‘transnational nomination’ of the works of Le Corbusier for UNESCO heritage status, along with Corbusier’s work in France, Switzerland, Belgium, Japan, Germany and Argentina.
Natti is a flok dance of kullu. It had been in news because of it had entered the Guinness world Records as the largest flok dance of the world
More than 13000 participants – both women and men – participated for the dance
The performance was dedicated to the girl child and the participants took a pledge to work for the cause.
For previous documents here are the following links