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Current Affairs For Upcoming CDS 2 2016 Various Ministries and Schemes

Current Affairs For Upcoming CDS 2 2016 Various Ministries and Schemes

Current Affairs For Upcoming CDS 2 2016 Ministry of Information and Technology
pradhan-mantri-jan-dhan-yojna-PMJDY

With the recent trend followed in the UPSC Pre paper we are lining up the same set of current affairs notes for the CDS/NDA Aspirants

MINISTRY OF INFO TECH
Leadership programme of headmasters/principals of Govt. secondary schools provides 10 days training to the State Resource Group (SRG). The SRG are to provide 16 days training to headmasters/principals. A 30 day residential program for School heads is also planned for selected Stated during 2016-17.
Launch of Kisan Channel
Launching DD Kisan Channel, which would provide information about best agricultural practices and related content, to mark the completion of his government’s first year in office, Mr. Modi lamented that present system had left farmers to fend for themselves and there was a need to make the sector.
“Why experts from various fields including seed, soil and fertilizer cannot come together to help farmers and increase productivity… The farming community is a big one. And, if we have to take India forward, we will have to take the villages forward,” Mr. Modi said.
Linking the issue of malnutrition with low production of pulses, he noted that the country was dependent on imports to meet its requirement of edible oil and pulses and urged scientific community to work with farmers to ensure that there was enough production to meet domestic demand by 2022 when India celebrates its 75 years of independence.
Though his over 40-minute speech dealt with various issues pertaining to farmers and their betterment, he did not mention the contentious Land Bill on which his government is facing stiff opposition, including from NDA allies.
The Prime Minister observed that a study done over 200 years ago has shown that paddy productivity was 15-18 tonne per hectare without the help of advanced techniques and fertilizers, while the average grain production was now only 2 tonne per hectare. The world average is 3 tonnes.
Three Member Committee for Content Regulation of Government Advertising
The Information & Broadcasting Ministry has constituted a three-member committee to look into issues related to content regulation in government advertising.
This was done in compliance with a Supreme Court order that directed the government to form a body to implement its judgement on content regulation in government advertising.
The committee will be chaired by former Chief Election Commissioner BB Tandon, and will have Rajat Sharma, President of News Broadcasters Association and Chairman and Editor-in-Chief of India TV and Piyush Pandey, Executive Chairman and Creative Director, South Asia, Ogilvy & Mather as members, an official statement said.
The committee will address complaints of violation on the implementation of guidelines set by the apex court and will also take suo motu cognisance of any violation.
It will also recommend corrective action to government departments or ministries violating these norms.
“The Committee may recommend suitable changes to the Supreme Court guidelines to deal with circumstances and situations that may arise from time to time, without making major policy changes within the direction of Supreme Court,” the statement added.
Initially, the tenure of a member has been fixed as two years, which can be extended by one year at a time and will not be more than two times.

E-auction of first batch of private FM radio channels Phase-3
Union Cabinet has given its nod for conducting FM Phase-III auction and renewal of Private FM Radio licenses from Phase-II to Phase-III in 69 existing cities for 135 channels.
It  was decided in Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Key facts of FM Phase-III auction
The Phase III will e-auction around 839 FM channels in 294 cities. It is expected to commence before the end of the present fiscal year. However, it will continue over the next three years.
It will be done according to recommendations of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on payment of migration fee.
Union Government already had appointed an e-auctioneer to monitor the e-auction.
Successful auctions of all proposed channels in Phase-III seeks to add an estimated revenue of over 550 crore to the National Exchequer.
Background
Earlier, the decision relating to Phase-III was taken by then Union Cabinet of UPA Government on 7 July 2011.
But it was delayed as channel auction was proposed on e-auction basis.
In March 2014, the Empowered Committee had decided to charge a fee for migration to existing operators who wanted to move to Phase-III.
In India, as of now two phases of Private FM Radio have been implemented.They are Phase-I (1999-2000) and Phase-II (2005-06). While, there are 243 private FM channels operating in 86 cities of the country, spanning 26 States and three Union Territories. Thus, cabinet’s decision for auction is critical for the private radio industry since some of the licenses of the channels are expiring on 31 March, 2015.

National film Heritage mission
The National Film Archive of India (NFAI) has launched the competition for creating logo and tagline for the prestigiousNational Film Heritage Mission (NFHM).
AIM
Restoration, preservation, digitization and conservation of the rich film heritage of the country
NFAI seeks to crowd-source entries for the logo and tagline through Government of India’s MyGov portal and other social media platforms of the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
The last date for submission of entries is 20th October 2015.
A panel of experts at the Pune-based NFAI would finalize the winner of the competition.
OBJECTIVES of NFHM
To undertake film condition assessment of the film collection and to ascertain the left over life of the film.
Preventive conservation of film reels.
2k/4k picture and sound restoration of select landmark feature films and shorts of Indian cinema and recording of new picture and sound inter-negatives of each film.
Digitization of select feature films and shorts.
Construction of state of the art archival and preservation facilities for preservation of material restored under NFHM.
Training and Capacity building programmes
IT solution for effective implementation of NFHM

Film Facilitation office:-
A system to cut through the bureaucracy that surrounds obtaining filming permits in India will be launched.
The Film Facilitation Office will be operated by the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC), the government-backed film support organization that seeds some productions and operates the Film Bazaar co-production market.
India’s Information & Broadcasting Minister Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore will formally announce the move of the ‘single window clearance’ system on Nov. 21, at the upcoming Film Bazaar in Goa (Nov. 20-24).
The move follows years of lobbying by filmmakers from inside India who face a fragmented, labyrinthine and sometimes corrupt system involving ministries, local authorities and police departments.
The Bazaar will host a symposium where key permission givers including the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of I&B, the Archaeological Survey of India, the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Railways will participate.
One of the Bazaar’s key objectives this year is to promote film tourism and India as a filming destination. The target is international film producers and local ones, who sometime shoot abroad because of simpler shooting permit systems. There will also be presentations from the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, West Bengal, Puduchery and Daman & Diu.
Besides the previously announced 19 projects in the Bazaar’s co-production market, 11 projects will participate in the Works in Progress Lab including Shankar Raman’s “Gurgaon”, Alankrita Shrivastava’s “Lipstick Under My Burkha”, Avani Rai’s “Raghu Rai: An Unframed Portrait” and Rahul Jain’s “Machines”.
The NFDC will also feature 156 projects in various stages of completion in its Viewing Room and recommends some 32 of these, including Prasanna Jayakody’s “Leopard Do Not Bite”, Nicholas Kharkongor’s “Mantra”, Bauddhayan Mukherji’s “The Violin Player”, Surya Balakrishnan’s “Right Forward” and Alka Raghuram’s “Burqa Boxers”.
Potential international buyers for these projects include Bazaar attendees Arte France, Samuel Goldwyn and Zeitgeist Films, and distributors and sales agents Fortissimo, Magnolia Pictures, Focus Features and Alpha Violent.
Also mining the Bazaar for potential gems will be representatives of several international festivals including Cannes, Locarno and Venice.
Nina Lath Gupta, Managing Director, NFDC India said: “With NFDC connecting Indian and international film fraternities, Film Bazaar will again discover and significantly support upcoming talent from all over. We look forward to addressing key concerns of the world film community in the dynamic domains of film development, production, and distribution.”

Shyam Benegal Committee
The Shyam Benegal headed committee constituted by the Union Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry has submitted its report to Union I&B minister Arun Jaitley.
The committee was tasked to look holistically into the functioning of the censor board and revamp the film certification nuances by Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
Key Recommendations CBFC
should only be a film certification body and its scope should be restricted to categorizing the suitability of the film to audience groups on the basis of age and maturity.
The board can refuse certification when a film contains contravenes the provisions of Cinematograph Act.
It can also refuse certification when content in a film crosses the ceiling laid down in the highest category of certification.
The applicant for certificate must specify the category of certification being sought and the target audience.

MULTIMEDIA CAMPAIGNS FOR SCHEMES/INITIATIVES LAUNCHED BY THE GOVERNMENT
Government after taking over in May 2014 has launched many welfare schemes including the popular Jan Dhan Yojana, PM Awas Yojana, Suraksha Bima Yojana, Smart City Mission among many more. Here we bring you the complete list of 47 (As far as our knowledge and research) major schemes launched by Narendra Modi Government till March 2016.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
Launched: ‎28 August 2014
Main Objective: Financial inclusion and access to financial services for all households in the country.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is a national mission to bring comprehensive financial inclusion of all the households in the country. Under the PMJDY, any individual above the age of 10 years and does not ave a bank account can open a bank account without depositing any money.
The scheme was to ensure the access to financial services such as banking / savings & deposit Accounts, remittance, credit, debit cards, insurance and pension in affordable manner. The scheme was mostly targeted to the people belonging to the Below Poverty Line but is beneficial to everyone who does not have a bank account.
Jan Dhan Yojana has seen a great success, about 21 Crore accounts have been opened in just about one and half year under the scheme. Out of the total 12.87 crore in rural area and 8.13 Crore accounts have been opened in urban areas. Despite of zero minimum balance, there is 33074.89 crore rupees balance in these accounts with 28.88% accounts opened with zero balance.

Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (PMSSY)
Launched: 22 January 2015
Main Objective: Secure the future of girl child
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is an ambitious small deposit savings scheme for a girl child. Under the scheme, a saving account can be opened in the name of girl child and deposits can be made for 14 years. After the girl reach 18 years of age, she can withdraw 50% of the amount for marriage or higher study purposes.
After the girl completes 21 years of age, the maturity amount can be withdrawn including the interest at rates decided by Government every year.
The investments and returns are exempt from section 80C of Indian income tax act. The maximum investment of Rs. 1.5 Lakh per year can be made while minimum deposit is Rs. 1000/- per year.
In case of more than one girl child, parents can open another account on the different name but only for 2 girl child. Only exception is that the parents have twins and another girl child.

Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY)
Launched: 8 April 2015
Main Objective: Financial support for growth of micro enterprises sector.
Pradhan Mantri MUDRA (Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency) Yojana was launched with the purpose to provide funding to the non-corporate small business sector. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) is open and is available from all Bank branches across the country.
The small businesses/startups or entrepreneurs can avail loans from Rs. 50 thousand to 10 Lakh to start/grow their business under the three, Shishu, Kishore and Tarun categories of the scheme.
As per the official website of PMMY, 27344053 number of loans have been sanctioned under the scheme till 26 February 2016. The amount sanctioned has reached more than Rs. 1 Lakh Crore.

Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)
Launched: 9 May 2015
Main Objective: Provide life insurance cover to all Indian citizens
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana is a government backed life insurance scheme in India aimed at increasing the penetration of life insurance cover in India. The scheme is open and available to all Indian citizens between the age of 18 to 50 years.
Under the scheme, the policy holder can get a life insurance cover of Rs. 2 Lakh with an annual premium of just Rs. 330 excluding service tax. All the Indian citizens between 18-50 years of age with a saving bank account are eligible to avail the scheme.

Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
Launched: 9 May 2015
Main Objective: Provide accidental insurance cover to all Indian citizens
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana is also a government backed accident insurance scheme in India aimed at increasing the penetration of accidental insurance cover in India. The scheme is open and available to all Indian citizens between the age of 18 to 70 years.
Under the scheme, the policy holder can get a life insurance cover of Rs. 2 Lakh with an annual premium of just Rs. 12 excluding service tax. All the Indian citizens between 18-70 years of age with a saving bank account are eligible to avail the scheme.

Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
Launched: 9 May 2015
Main Objective: Increase the number of people covered under any kind of pension scheme.
Atal Pension Yojana is one of the three Jan Suraksha schemes launched by PM Narendra Modi. APY is aimed at increasing the number of pension scheme beneficiaries across the country. The scheme is especially targeted to the private unorganized sector and is open to all Indian citizens between the age of 18 to 40 years.
Under the scheme, the beneficiary have to make contribution for at least 20 years before he/she can get pension after attaining age of 60 years. The scheme provides a monthly pension of Rs 1000 to Rs. 5000 per month based on the contribution amount.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
Launched: 25 June 2015
Main Objective: Achieve housing for all by the year 2022, 2 crore in Urban and 3 Crore homes in Rural areas.
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is an ambitious scheme of Narendra Modi Government. Under the PMAY, the government aims to provide about 5 Crore affordable homes to the people belonging to EWS and LIG categories by the year 2022. There is a target of building 2 crore homes in urban area and 3 crore in rural areas across the country.
Under the scheme, the government will provide financial assistance to the poor home buyers, interest subsidy on home loan and direct subsidy on homes bought under the scheme.

Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
Launched: 11 October 2014
Main Objective: Social, cultural, economic, infrastructure developments in the villages, i.e. development of model villages called “Adarsh Gram”
Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
Launched: 11 October 2014
Main Objective: Provide insurance cover to rabi and kharif crops and financial support to farmers in case of damage of crops.
In order to make crop insurance simpler and cheaper for the farmers and to provide them with better insurance services, a Central Sector Scheme of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFSY) was launched by the Government of India replacing NAIS and MNAIS.
Under the new scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two per cent for all kharif crops and 1.5 per cent for all rabi crops.
The scheme will be implemented from the kharif season this year, i.e. 2016.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana (PMGSY)
Launched: 01 July 2015
Main Objective: Irrigating the field of every farmer and improving water use efficiency to provide `Per Drop More Crop’.
The scheme is aimed to attract investments in irrigation system at field level, develop and expand cultivable land in the country, enhance ranch water use in order to minimize wastage of water, enhance crop per drop by implementing water-saving technologies and precision irrigation.
All the States and Union Territories including North Eastern States are covered under the programme.
The government has approved Rs.50,000 crore for the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana for next 5 years, i.e. up to 2020.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojanaye (PMGKY)
Launched: April 2015
Main Objective: Implement the pro-poor welfare schemes in more effective way and reaches out to more poor population across the country.
Garib Kalyan Yojana is a Poverty Alleviation Scheme, which is primarily a work shop that you can pay and attend. The effort of the campaign and workshop is to motive and appraise the member of parliaments to help them effectively implement the government run schemes for the welfare of poor in the country.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana (PMJAY)
Launched: March 2016 (Expected)
Main Objective: Provides drugs/medicines at affordable cost across the country.
The scheme is a new version of earlier Jan Aushadhi Yojana, to be renamed as Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana, the scheme aims to open 3000 Jan Aushadhi stores to sell drugs at affordable cost.
Under the scheme, over 500 medicines will be sold through Jan Aushadhi stores at price less than the market price. Private hospitals, NGO’s, and other social groups are eligible to open the Jan Aushadhi stores with a onetime assistance of Rs. 2.5 Lakh from the central Government.
**The scheme is yet to be launched in March 2016.

Make in India
Launched: 25 September 2014
Main Objective: To encourage multi-national, as well as domestic companies to manufacture their products in India and create jobs and skill enhancement in 25 sectors.
The major objective behind the initiative is to focus on job creation and skill enhancement in 25 sectors of the economy. The initiative also aims at high quality standards and minimising the impact on the environment. The initiative hopes to attract capital and technological investment in India.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Launched: 2 October 2014
Main Objective: To fulfil Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of a clean and hygienic India.
Swachh Bharat Mission is being implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development (M/o UD) and by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (M/o DWS) for urban and rural areas respectively.

Kisan Vikas Patra
Launched: 3 March 2015 (Re-Launched)
Main Objective: To provide safe and secure investment avenues to the small investors.
Kisan Vikas Patra is an investment scheme wherein the invested money will get doubled in 8 years and 4 months. However, investors would not get any tax benefit for their investment in Kisan Vikas Patra unlike in PPF. The Kisan Vikas Patra certificates would be available in the denominations of Rs 1,000, 5,000, 10,000 and 50,000 and there is no upper limit on investment in KVPs.

Soil Health Card Scheme
Launched: 17 February 2015
Main Objective: To help farmers to improve productivity from their farms by letting them know about nutrient/fertilizer requirements for their farms.
The soil health card studies and reviews the health of soil or rather we can say a complete evaluation of the quality of soil right from its functional characteristics, to water and nutrients content and other biological properties. It will also contain corrective measures that a farmer should adopt to obtain a better yield.

Digital India
Launched: 1 July 2015
Main Objective: To deliver Government services to citizens electronically by improving online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity.
The Digital India programme is a flagship programme of the Government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. The vision of Digital India programme is to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.

Skill India
Launched: 16 July 2015
Main Objective: Train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.
The main goal of Skill India Program is to create opportunities, space and scope for the development of talents of the Indian youth. The scheme also targeted to identify new sectors for skill development and develop more of those sectors which have already been put under skill development for the last so many years.

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana
Launched: 22 January 2015
Main Objective: To generate awareness and improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women.
The scheme is to have as focussed intervention and multi-section action in almost 100 districts with low Child Sex Ratio (CSR).

Mission Indradhanush
Launched: 25 December 2014
Main Objective: To immunize all children as well as pregnant women against seven vaccine preventable diseases namely diphtheria, whooping cough (Pertussis), tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B by 2020.
The aim of Mission Indradhanush is to achieve full immunization in 352 districts which includes 279 mid priority districts, 33 districts from the North East states and 40 districts from phase one where huge number of missed out children were detected.

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY)
Launched: 25 July 2015
Main Objective: Electric supply feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure including metering at all levels in rural areas.
DDUGJY will help in providing round the clock power to rural households and adequate power to agricultural consumers. The earlier scheme for rural electrification viz. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) has been subsumed in the new scheme as its rural electrification component.

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY)
Launched: 25 July 2015
Main Objective: To achieve inclusive growth, by developing skills and productive capacity of the rural youth from poor families.
DDU-GKY aims to train rural youth who are poor and provide them with jobs having regular monthly wages. It is one of the cluster initiatives of the Ministry of Rural Development that seeks to promote rural livelihoods. It is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) – the Mission for poverty reduction called Aajeevika.

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Yojana (PDUSJY)
Launched: 16 October 2014
Main Objective: To consolidate information of Labour Inspection and its enforcement through a unified web portal, which will lead to transparency and accountability in inspections.
A Unified Labour Portal, known as the Shram Suvidha portal was launched under the scheme as a platform to facilitate the implementation of a transparent system for information and database management.

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
Launched: 24 June 2015
Main Objective: Providing basic services (e.g. water supply, sewerage, urban transport) to households and build amenities in cities which will improve the quality of life for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged.
The purpose of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is to (i) ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection; (ii) increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks); and (iii) reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).

Swadesh Darshan Yojana
Launched: 09 March 2015
Main Objective: Develop world class tourism infrastructure.
As part of the Swadesh Darshan Scheme, theme based tourism circuits (TBCT) around specific themes such as religion, culture, ethnicity, niche, etc. are identified for infrastructure development across the country.

PRASAD (Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive)
Launched: 09 March 2015
Main Objective: Develop world class tourism infrastructure in Amritsar, Ajmer, Amaravati, Dwaraka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Kedarnath, Kamakhya, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi and Vellankani.
PRASAD scheme aims to create spiritual centres for tourism development within the nation. As part of mission strategy, religious destinations that have potential to be show-cased as world-class tourism products are identified and infrastructure is developed on a priority basis.

National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
Launched: 21 January 2015
Main Objective: Bringing together urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner to preserve the heritage character of each Heritage City.
With a duration of 27 months (completing in March 2017) and a total outlay of INR 500 Crores, the Scheme is being implemented in 12 identified Cities namely, Ajmer, Amaravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni and Warangal. The scheme is implemented in a mission mode.

Udaan Scheme
Launched: 14 November 2014
Main Objective: Encouraging girls for higher technical education and aims to provide a platform that empowers girl students and provides them with better learning opportunities.
It is a mentoring and scholarship scheme to enable meritorious girl students to transit from schools to technical education without much difficulty and also aims to enrich and enhance teaching and learning of mathematics and science at senior secondary school level by providing free online resources for all.

National Bal Swachhta Mission
Launched: 14 November 2014
Main Objective: To provide hygienic and clean environment, food, drinking water, toilets, schools and other surroundings to the children.
The Bal Swachhta Mission is a part of the nationwide sanitation initiative of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ launched by the Prime Minister on 2nd October, 2014.

One Rank One Pension (OROP) Scheme
Launched: NA
Main Objective: To provide same pension, for same rank, for same length of service, irrespective of the date of retirement.
This is not a Modi Government scheme, however, the government is making its efforts to implement the long pending scheme.

Smart City Mission
Launched: 25 June 2015
Main Objective: To develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable
Under the mission, the NDA Government aims to develop smart cities equipped with basic infrastructure and offer a good quality of life through smart solutions. Assured water and power supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transport, robust IT connectivity, e-governance and citizen participation along with safety of its citizens are some of the likely attributes of these smart cities.

Gold Monetisation Schemes
Launched: 04 November 2015
Main Objective: To reduce the reliance on gold imports over time.
The programme is to lure tonnes of gold from households into the banking system. Under the scheme, people can deposit gold into the banks and earn interest based on the value of the gold.

Startup India, Standup India
Launched: ‎16 January 2016
Main Objective: To provide support to all start-up businesses in all aspects of doing business in India.
Under the scheme, the start-ups will adopt self-certification to reduce the regulatory liabilities. An online portal, in the shape of a mobile application, will be launched to help start-up founders to easily register. The app is scheduled to be launched on April 1.

DigiLocker
Launched: ‎01 July 2015
Main Objective: To provide a secure dedicated personal electronic space for storing the documents of resident Indian citizens.
It is a part of Digital India programme, Digital Locker has been designed to reduce the administrative overhead of government departments and agencies created due to paper work.
It will also make it easy for the residents to receive services by saving time and effort as their documents will now be available anytime, anywhere and can be shared electronically.

Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS)
Launched: ‎18 September 2015
Main Objective: To ensure 24/7 power for all.
The Government of India will provide financial support of Rs. 45,800 crore over the entire implementation period of IPDS under which strengthening of sub-transmission network, metering, IT application, customer care Services, provisioning of solar panels will be implemented.

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
Launched: ‎21 February 2016
Main Objective: To create 300 rural clusters across the country and strengthen financial, job, and lifestyle facilities in rural areas.
Rurban Mission is a solution for both villages and cities in the country that would promote growth of villages and its residents at the place where they are. Under the mission, the government will identify and develop 300 rural clusters with urban like facilities in the next 3 years.

Sagarmala Project
Launched: ‎31 July 2015
Main Objective: To transform the existing ports into modern world class ports.
The prime objective of the Sagarmala project is to promote port-led direct and indirect development and to provide infrastructure to transport goods to and from ports quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively.
The Sagarmala Project, aimed at port-led development in coastal areas, is bound to boost the country’s economy and the government has lined up about Rs 70,000 crore for its 12 major ports only

‘Prakash Path’ – ‘Way to Light’ – The National LED Programme
Launched: ‎05 January 2015
Main Objective: To distribute LED bulbs and decrease the power consumption.
This is one of the many schemes launched by Narendra Modi government India. The programme has been launched to distribute and encourage the use of LED light bulbs to save both cost and consumption.

UJWAL Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY)
Launched: ‎20 November 2015
Main Objective: To obtain operational and financial turnaround of State owned Power Distribution Companies (DISCOMs).
The Scheme aims to reduce the interest burden, reduce the cost of power, reduce power losses in Distribution sector, and improve operational efficiency of DISCOMs.

Vikalp Scheme
Launched: ‎01 November 2015
Main Objective: For confirmed accommodation in next alternative train for the waitlisted passengers.
Vikalp scheme is available only for the tickets booked through internet for six months and option will be limited to mail and express trains running on Delhi-Lucknow and Delhi-Jammu sectors.

National Sports Talent Search Scheme (NSTSS)
Launched: ‎20 February 2015
Main Objective: To Identify sporting talent among students in the age group of 8–12 years.
The scheme is being implemented by the Sports Authority of India (SAI), under the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports for spotting talented young children in the age group of 8-14 years from schools and nurturing them by providing scientific training.

Rashtriya Gokul Mission
Launched: ‎16 December 2014
Main Objective: To conserve and develop indigenous bovine breeds.
Rashtriya Gokul Mission aims to conserve and develop indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner. It is a focussed project under National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development, with an outlay of Rs 500 crore during the 12th Five Year Plan.

PAHAL-Direct Benefits Transfer for LPG (DBTL) Consumers Scheme
Launched: ‎01 January 2015
Main Objective: To send the subsidy money of LPG cylinders directly into the bank accounts of the consumers and increase efficiency & transparency in the whole system.
Under the scheme, the LPG consumer can now receive subsidy in his bank account by two methods. Such a consumer will be called CTC (Cash Transfer Compliant) once he joins the scheme and is ready to receive subsidy in the bank account.

The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI AAYOG)
Launched: ‎01 January 2015
Main Objective: to foster involvement and participation in the economic policy-making process by the State Governments of India.
The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) which replaced 65 year old Planning Commission will act more like a think tank or forum, in contrast with the Commission which imposed five-year-plans and allocated resources to hit set economic targets.

Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)
Launched: ‎17 September 2015
Main Objective: To Safeguard Health, Environment and Economic Conditions of the Tribals.
Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).

Namami Gange Project
Launched: ‎ 10 July 2014
Main Objective: To integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner.
Namami Gange approaches Ganga Rejuvenation by consolidating the existing ongoing efforts and planning for a concrete action plan for future. The interventions at Ghats and River fronts will facilitate better citizen connect and set the tone for river centric urban planning process.

Setu Bharatam Project
Launched: ‎ 03 March 2016
Main Objective: To free all national highways from railway level crossings and renovate the old bridges on national highways by 2019.
Setu Bharatam is an ambitious programme with an investment of Rs. 50,000 crore to build bridges for safe and seamless travel on National Highways.
208 new “road over bridges / road under bridges” are envisaged for construction, while 1500 bridges will be widened, rehabilitated or replaced.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
Launched: ‎ 1 May 2016
Main Objective: To distribute free LPG connections to the women belonging to 5 Crore BPL families across the country.
According the estimates, about 1.50 Crore BPL families will be benefited under the scheme in the year 2016-17. The scheme will cover 3.5 Crore more BPL families in the next two years. The scheme provides a financial support of Rs 1600 for each LPG connection to the BPL households.
This is the first ever welfare scheme by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas which would benefit crores of women belonging to the poorest households.

ashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
Launched: ‎ Proposed
Main Objective: To help Panchayat Raj Institutions deliver Sustainable Development Goals.
It is a new proposed scheme announced in the union financial budget 2016-17 by the Finance Minister Mr. Arun Jaitley.
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan has been proposed with allocation of Rs. 655 crore.

Startup India, Standup India
Launched: ‎16 January 2016
Main Objective: To provide support to all start-up businesses in all aspects of doing business in India.
Under the scheme, the start-ups will adopt self-certification to reduce the regulatory liabilities. An online portal, in the shape of a mobile application, will be launched to help start-up founders to easily register. The app is scheduled to be launched on April 1.

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
Launched: ‎21 February 2016
Main Objective: To create 300 rural clusters across the country and strengthen financial, job, and lifestyle facilities in rural areas.
Rurban Mission is a solution for both villages and cities in the country that would promote growth of villages and its residents at the place where they are. Under the mission, the government will identify and develop 300 rural clusters with urban like facilities in the next 3 years.

Setu Bharatam Project
Launched: ‎ 03 March 2016
Main Objective: To free all national highways from railway level crossings and renovate the old bridges on national highways by 2019.
Setu Bharatam is an ambitious programme with an investment of Rs. 50,000 crore to build bridges for safe and seamless travel on National Highways.
208 new “road over bridges / road under bridges” are envisaged for construction, while 1500 bridges will be widened, rehabilitated or replaced.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
Launched: ‎ 1 May 2016
Main Objective: To distribute free LPG connections to the women belonging to 3.5 Crore BPL families across the country.
According the estimates, about 1.50 Crore BPL families will be benefited under the scheme in the year 2016-17. The scheme will cover 3.5 Crore more BPL families in the next two years. The scheme provides a financial support of Rs 1600 for each LPG connection to the BPL households.
This is the first ever welfare scheme by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas which would benefit crores of women belonging to the poorest households.

Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
Launched: ‎ 14 April 2016
Main Objective: To help Panchayat Raj Institutions deliver Sustainable Development Goals.
Government to Double the Income of Farmers by 2022
Unified Agricultural Marketing E-Platform to be Dedicated to the Nation on 14th April this Year .
The Union Finance Minister, Shri Arun Jaitley while presenting the General Budget today said that his Government intends to go beyond Food Security and give back a sense of income security to our farmers. In this regard, his Government intends to double the farmers’ income by 2022.  He allotted Rs. 35,984 crore for agriculture and farmers’ welfare. He said that his government intends to address issues of optimal utilization of water resources, create new infrastructure for irrigation, conserve soil fertility with balanced use of fertilizer and provide connectivity from farm to market.

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA)
Launched- 9 June 2016
Main Objective- The pregnant ladies will be given free health check-up and required treatment for free on 9th of every month.
Key features of Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
• All kinds of medical checkups under the scheme will be completely free.
• Tests will take place at the medical centres, government and private hospitals and private clinics across the country.
• Women will be marked differently based on their health problems so that doctors can easily detect the problem.
• The scheme is applicable only to the women in their pregnancy period of 3 to 6 months.
• The women belonging to semi urban, poor and rural areas will be given preferences.

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT
Forest cover increased by 3500 sq km
According to the recently released India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015, India’s forest and tree cover has been increased by 5081 Square kilometre.
The report was released by the Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi
Key facts
The total forest and tree cover in the country is 79.42 million hectare, which accounts for 24.16 per cent of the total geographical area.
The total forest cover of the country has increased by 3, 775 sq km and the tree cover has gone up by 1, 306 sq km.
The majority of the increase in forest cover has been observed in open forest category mainly outside forest areas, followed by Very Dense Forest.
Open Forest area: Increased by 4744 sq km and accounts for 9.14 per cent of the total geographical area.
Very Dense Forest area: Increased by 2404 sq km and accounts for 2.61 per cent of the total geographical area.
Total carbon stock: Increased by 1.48 per cent (103 million tonnes) and is estimated to be 7, 044 million tonnes in the country’s forest.
Around 40 per cent forest cover in India is in 9 big patches of 10, 000 sq kms and more. The increase in mangrove cover also has been included in the increase in total forest cover.
State wise maximum increase in forest cover: Tamil Nadu (2, 501 sq km), Kerala (1, 317 sq km) and Jammu & Kashmir (450 sq km).
Largest forest cover in terms of area: Madhya Pradesh (77, 462 sq km), Arunachal Pradesh (67, 248 sq km) and Chhattisgarh (55, 586 sq km).
Highest percentage of forest cover: Mizoram (88.93%), Lakshadweep (84.56%).
States/UTs having forest cover above 33 per cent: 15 States/UTs have forest cover above 33 percent of the geographical area.
Out of these 7 states/UTs have more than 75 per cent forest cover. They are Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Island, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Manipur.
8 states have forest cover in between 33 per cent to 75 per cent. They are Tripura, Goa, Sikkim, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Chhattisgarh and Assam.

India protected interests of developing countries in Paris Climate deal

Comprehensive INDCs welcomed all over the world
Target of reducing emission intensity by 35%
Increasing non-fossil fuel share of energy mix capacity to 40%
Creating carbon sink of 2.5 bn tones
Effective representation of countries interest in COP at LIMA and at Paris
Proactive and leadership role
Network with LMDCs, SAARC, LDCs, SIDCs, BASIC, BRICS and Africa group effectively
Indian Pavilion was attraction of Paris COP
Secured interests of India and developing countries

NEW INITIATIVES AND EFFORTS 2014-2016
HIGHLIGHTS
Forest cover increased
Industrial pollution better monitored and controlled.
2000 approvals have unlocked INR-10 lakh crore of investment and 10 lakh job potential
Project Approval period reduced from 600 days to 190 days by standardization, decentralization, transparent processes and Policy decisions
Protected India’s interest in Paris at COP 21
FOREST initiatives- 1
Afforestation
CAMPA Bill to provide Rs 42,000 Crores to states for afforestation
Odisha would get the maximum amount of about Rs 6,000 crore, followed by Chattisgarh which will get Rs 3,861 crore and Rs 3,459 crore for Madhya Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh will get Rs 2,223 crore, Arunachal Pradesh Rs 1462 crore, Gujarat Rs 1100 crore, Himachal Pradesh Rs 1395 crore, Jammu & Kashmir Rs 926 crore, Jharkand Rs 3099 crore, Karnataka Rs 917 crore, Maharashtra Rs 2,433 crore, Rajasthan Rs 1425 crore, Uttar Pradesh Rs 1,314 crore and Uttarakhand Rs 2,210 crore.
New schemes like urban forest and School Nursery
With an aim to increase green cover, the environment ministry has decided to create “Urban Forests” by utilising forest land lying vacant or degraded in various cities across the country.
The ministry will launch the ‘Urban Forestry scheme’ on 6 June in Pune, a day after the world environment day, where around 4,000 saplings will be planted on a 70-acre land to increase forest cover.
The scheme will also have a concept of “smriti van” where people, after making a donation of Rs.2,000 can also plant a sapling in memory of their loved ones. “There are many cities where the forest department has its land but there are no forest on it or are degraded. We have now asked state governments to identify such places. In these places through people’s participation, we will establish urban forestry.
“We will launch the Urban Forestry scheme on June 6 in Pune. 4000 saplings belonging to native species will be planted there on 70-acre forest land. It will help in creating a carbon sink,” environment minister Prakash Javadekar told reporters.
School Nursery
Union Government has launched the School Nursery Yojana in a bid to bring school students closer to nature by involving them in raising of saplings in school nurseries.
The scheme was launched by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi.
About School Nursery Yojana
Objective: To create an everlasting bond between the young school students and plants, trees. It also seeks to provide an opportunity to the students to learn about nature.
It will develop an organic linkage and positive emotions for the environment among the school students and in turn keep the schools and the neighbourhood green.
Activities: Schools will distribute saplings to students to plant in their homes and surroundings through School Nursery.
The school nursery will be in small space of a minimum of 100 sq meters in premises of school which will provide essential facilities for raising saplings.
In this nursery students will prepare beds for raising saplings and use it for other nursery-related activities such as preparing mixture of soil, good earth and manure and storage of seeds.
Other activities: The schools also take up other activities like composting, rain water harvesting and water recycling.
In progress
PPP for afforestation in degraded forest
Policy for incentivizing tree cover outside forest
Partnership in greening Highways, Railways and banks of Ganga
Corridor protection
Water and Fodder Augmentation in Protected Areas

FOREST initiatives- 2
Wildlife
70% of Worlds tiger population in india at 2226
Robust wildlife with 30000+ elephants; 3000+ Single Horn Rhinos
NBWL approved 400+ projects
SC decided that NBWL approval is final and no SC concurrence is needed
Finalized Eco-Sensitive zones (ESZs) proposals for 404 PAs out of 646
Special efforts to avoid Animal Human Conflict
Voluntary relocation done for 25 villages and 3000 families

Discoveries and Technology
6 patents filed by Institutes of Forestry Research
New 655 Flora discoveries
New 115 Fauna discoveries
Use of technologies like Drones, E-surveillance, Satellite,
GPS tagging for better Forest and Wildlife Management

Pollution Initiatives -1
Emission standards upgraded for many industries
24×7 real-time emission and effluent monitoring installed in 2400 polluting industries
650 Closure notices Issued
Industrial Pollution in Ganga reduced by 35%
Efforts for pollution control in Delhi in cooperation with:
EPCA
5 states in Delhi air shed

Pollution Initiatives 2 : Waste Management
Waste management rules,2016 revamped
Solid Waste
E – Waste
Biomedical Waste
Plastic Waste
Hazardous Waste
Construction & Demolition waste management rules notified for the first time.
Geo-Mapping of 30000 industries which generate hazardous substance

Ease of doing ‘Responsible business’
Policies
General approval for strategic defense installation infrastructure and road infrastructure in LWE areas
Real estate environmental guidelines standardized
EC for industrial sheds and education sector done away – with standard guidelines
Permission for up gradation for existing forest roads
Widening of national highways passing through forest
Validity of EC increased from 5 to 7 years
Permission of forest diversion for creation of new capital city
Transparent Processes
Online application and tracking of status and delays launched
More expert appraisal committees formed to overcome the issue of pendency
SEIAA processes fast-tracked, reviewed, and timelines given
TORs standardized which has resulted in deleting the delays
Decentralization
Diversion of forest below 40 hectares decentralized through regional offices with states participation
Linear projects like roads/ rail/ drinking water canal/ irrigation water canal/ transmission/ laying pipe and cables of any size are approved through regional offices
Approvals
Average days required for project approval brought down from 600 days to 190 days
Forest approval average time has been brought down from 580 days to 180 days
2000 approvals which unlocked 10 lakh cr of investment and 10 lakh job potential
All important public infrastructure projects which were pending are approved, no backlog
Coastal Initiatives
Mangroves increased by more than 100 sq Km
Detailed high resolution coastal map and HTL drawn with high resolution technology and low flying survey
Other Initiatives
Sustainable sand mining and minor mineral policy notified
River improvement programs undertaken on 11 rivers in 26 towns of 8 states
Partnering in Railway, Highway and Ganga greening
Himalayan ecology study undertaken
Preparation of building new National Museum of Natural History

Public Participation
More than one lakh Eco-clubs in schools and colleges are being made active
Climate Express has visited 120 stations and 45 lakh people/ students saw the exhibition
Plastic waste collection by students became successful
Environmentally friendly building of the ministry opened for the students and public
Nature walk with students in Asolabhati

Building a Team Through Motivation
Three Chintan Shivirs of officers
Pledge by staff
E-magazine launched
More effective communication with all divisions, scientists, field staff

Ministry of Finance
Cabinet approves merger of Rail, General budgets
Ending a 92-year-old tradition, the Union Cabinet decided to merge the Railway budget with the General budget
Autonomy: The merger of budgets would not impact the functional autonomy of the railways, but help in enhancing capital expenditure
The cabinet also agreed, in-principle, to advance the date of its presentation in Parliament from the usual February end
The actual date for presentation of the General budget for 2017-18 will be decided by the Govt after taking into account the coming Assembly elections
The Cabinet has also decided to do away with the Plan/ Non-Plan expenditure classification in Budget 2017-18 and replace with ‘capital and receipt’

Special package announced for Andhra Pradesh
Prime Minister made an announcement which, in practical terms, amounts to the treatment of residual Andhra Pradesh as a Special Category state
The package is valid for five years- 2015 to 2020
It revolves around various sections in the A.P. Reorganisation Act, the 14th Finance Commission report recommendations, oral commitment made by the then Prime Minister in February 2014 and the recommendations made by the Niti Ayog in 2015
Centre would authorise the State to take charge of the construction while it would meet the financial needs
CBDT would issue two specific notifications on tax concessions being extended to AP

Overhauling the budgeting process- a reforms agenda
Rail budget: The practice of presenting a separate Budget for the railways is to be scrapped from 2017
Budget documents getting slimmer with indirect tax proposals finding almost no mention after excise duties, service tax and cesses are subsumed under the proposed GST regime
Plan v/s Non-Plan: Abolition of the distinction, to be replaced with capital and revenue expenditure, is also on cards
Time: Until 2000, the Budget was announced at 5 pm & the practice was inherited from the pre-Independence era, when the British Parliament would pass the Budget in the noon followed by India in the evening on the same day
In 2001, the NDA Govt under Atal Bihari Vajpayee changed the ritual and the then finance minister, Yashwant Sinha, presented the Union Budget at 11 am
New financial year: Govt has already set up a committee to examine its feasibility, replacing the existing April-March period

Govt mulls presenting Budget by Jan-end
Why? To complete the exercise before the beginning of the new financial year
Impact: There would be no need for a Vote on Account and a full Budget can be approved in one stage before March 31
Constitution: Does not mandate any specific date for presentation of the Budget
Traditionally: The Union Budget has for decades been presented on the last working day of February and the two-stage process of parliamentary approval takes it to mid-May
Stage 1: As the financial year begins on April 1, the Govt in March takes Parliament approval for Vote on Account for a sum of money sufficient to meet expenditure on various items for two to three months
Stage 2: The Demands and Appropriation Bill, entailing full-year expenditure and tax changes, is then passed in April/ May

Why a new schemes approval system?
Plan v/s non-plan: After doing away with this distinction at the end of 12th FYP (announced in Budget 2016-17), a plan non-plan neutral appraisal and approval system is imperative
This spread of resources: It is because Ministries had started operating small and multiple schemes & as a result it hampered realisation of any meaningful outcomes

New norms for clearing public-funded schemes
News: The Finance Ministry has issued new norms for the appraisal and approval of public-funded schemes as well as to improve the delivery of goods and services to citizens
Approval: No new scheme or sub-scheme can be initiated without the prior in-principle approval of the Department of Expenditure
This will not apply to the announcements made in the Budget Speech for any given year
Empower ministers to approve expenditure proposals of up to Rs 500 crore, up from the previous limit of Rs 150 crore
Administrative Ministries should continuously endeavour to merge, restructure or drop existing schemes and sub-schemes that have become redundant or ineffective with the passage of time

RBI Governor appointed by PMO on the recommendation of Finance Minister
News: The RBI Governor is appointed by the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) on the recommendation of the Union Finance Minister, the Centre informed Parliament
While the Appointment Committee of Cabinet (ACC) guidelines for appointment of Deputy Governors are still the same, the composition of the search committee has been changed
The RBI Act, 1934: Section 8(1)(a) provides that there shall be one Governor and not more than four Deputy Governors to be appointed by the central government on the central board of RBI
Deputy Governors: Appointed on the basis of ACC-approved guidelines, which stipulate that the search committee constituted for the purpose will recommend the person to be appointed as a Deputy Governor
Change: Now, a search committee, namely Financial Sector Regulatory Appointment Search Committee (FSRASC) has been constituted with the approval of ACC
The committee will recommend names for appointment of Chairperson and Members of financial sector regulatory bodies, including those of the Governor and Deputy Governors

More spending autonomy for Ministries
News: The threshold of non-Plan project expenditure that can be approved by ministries has been raised from Rs 150 crore to Rs 500 crore
The Finance Ministry’s nod will be needed for expenditure between Rs 500 crore and Rs 1,000 crore, beyond which Cabinet approval would be required
Impact: Expected to expedite the appraisal and approval process in the central government ministries/ departments

Tax receipts at Rs.14.6 lakh cr, exceeds estimates
News: The govt collected Rs.14.6 lakh crore in taxes in financial year 2015-16, which is higher than the Budget Estimates and Revised Estimates for the year
Reason: The bulk of the growth in total tax revenues was due to the increase in indirect tax collections
Statistics: Indirect tax collections were 31.1% higher than in the previous financial year
The total collection has exceeded the revised estimates and represents a growth of 17.6% compared to the last financial yearMINISTRY OF INFO TECH
Leadership programme of headmasters/principals of Govt. secondary schools provides 10 days training to the State Resource Group (SRG). The SRG are to provide 16 days training to headmasters/principals. A 30 day residential program for School heads is also planned for selected Stated during 2016-17.
Launch of Kisan Channel
Launching DD Kisan Channel, which would provide information about best agricultural practices and related content, to mark the completion of his government’s first year in office, Mr. Modi lamented that present system had left farmers to fend for themselves and there was a need to make the sector.
“Why experts from various fields including seed, soil and fertilizer cannot come together to help farmers and increase productivity… The farming community is a big one. And, if we have to take India forward, we will have to take the villages forward,” Mr. Modi said.
Linking the issue of malnutrition with low production of pulses, he noted that the country was dependent on imports to meet its requirement of edible oil and pulses and urged scientific community to work with farmers to ensure that there was enough production to meet domestic demand by 2022 when India celebrates its 75 years of independence.
Though his over 40-minute speech dealt with various issues pertaining to farmers and their betterment, he did not mention the contentious Land Bill on which his government is facing stiff opposition, including from NDA allies.
The Prime Minister observed that a study done over 200 years ago has shown that paddy productivity was 15-18 tonne per hectare without the help of advanced techniques and fertilizers, while the average grain production was now only 2 tonne per hectare. The world average is 3 tonnes.
Three Member Committee for Content Regulation of Government Advertising
The Information & Broadcasting Ministry has constituted a three-member committee to look into issues related to content regulation in government advertising.
This was done in compliance with a Supreme Court order that directed the government to form a body to implement its judgement on content regulation in government advertising.
The committee will be chaired by former Chief Election Commissioner BB Tandon, and will have Rajat Sharma, President of News Broadcasters Association and Chairman and Editor-in-Chief of India TV and Piyush Pandey, Executive Chairman and Creative Director, South Asia, Ogilvy & Mather as members, an official statement said.
The committee will address complaints of violation on the implementation of guidelines set by the apex court and will also take suo motu cognisance of any violation.
It will also recommend corrective action to government departments or ministries violating these norms.
“The Committee may recommend suitable changes to the Supreme Court guidelines to deal with circumstances and situations that may arise from time to time, without making major policy changes within the direction of Supreme Court,” the statement added.
Initially, the tenure of a member has been fixed as two years, which can be extended by one year at a time and will not be more than two times.

E-auction of first batch of private FM radio channels Phase-3
Union Cabinet has given its nod for conducting FM Phase-III auction and renewal of Private FM Radio licenses from Phase-II to Phase-III in 69 existing cities for 135 channels.
It  was decided in Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Key facts of FM Phase-III auction
The Phase III will e-auction around 839 FM channels in 294 cities. It is expected to commence before the end of the present fiscal year. However, it will continue over the next three years.
It will be done according to recommendations of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on payment of migration fee.
Union Government already had appointed an e-auctioneer to monitor the e-auction.
Successful auctions of all proposed channels in Phase-III seeks to add an estimated revenue of over 550 crore to the National Exchequer.
Background
Earlier, the decision relating to Phase-III was taken by then Union Cabinet of UPA Government on 7 July 2011.
But it was delayed as channel auction was proposed on e-auction basis.
In March 2014, the Empowered Committee had decided to charge a fee for migration to existing operators who wanted to move to Phase-III.
In India, as of now two phases of Private FM Radio have been implemented.They are Phase-I (1999-2000) and Phase-II (2005-06). While, there are 243 private FM channels operating in 86 cities of the country, spanning 26 States and three Union Territories. Thus, cabinet’s decision for auction is critical for the private radio industry since some of the licenses of the channels are expiring on 31 March, 2015.

National film Heritage mission
The National Film Archive of India (NFAI) has launched the competition for creating logo and tagline for the prestigiousNational Film Heritage Mission (NFHM).
AIM
Restoration, preservation, digitization and conservation of the rich film heritage of the country
NFAI seeks to crowd-source entries for the logo and tagline through Government of India’s MyGov portal and other social media platforms of the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
The last date for submission of entries is 20th October 2015.
A panel of experts at the Pune-based NFAI would finalize the winner of the competition.
OBJECTIVES of NFHM
To undertake film condition assessment of the film collection and to ascertain the left over life of the film.
Preventive conservation of film reels.
2k/4k picture and sound restoration of select landmark feature films and shorts of Indian cinema and recording of new picture and sound inter-negatives of each film.
Digitization of select feature films and shorts.
Construction of state of the art archival and preservation facilities for preservation of material restored under NFHM.
Training and Capacity building programmes
IT solution for effective implementation of NFHM

Film Facilitation office:-
A system to cut through the bureaucracy that surrounds obtaining filming permits in India will be launched.
The Film Facilitation Office will be operated by the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC), the government-backed film support organization that seeds some productions and operates the Film Bazaar co-production market.
India’s Information & Broadcasting Minister Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore will formally announce the move of the ‘single window clearance’ system on Nov. 21, at the upcoming Film Bazaar in Goa (Nov. 20-24).
The move follows years of lobbying by filmmakers from inside India who face a fragmented, labyrinthine and sometimes corrupt system involving ministries, local authorities and police departments.
The Bazaar will host a symposium where key permission givers including the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of I&B, the Archaeological Survey of India, the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Railways will participate.
One of the Bazaar’s key objectives this year is to promote film tourism and India as a filming destination. The target is international film producers and local ones, who sometime shoot abroad because of simpler shooting permit systems. There will also be presentations from the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, West Bengal, Puduchery and Daman & Diu.
Besides the previously announced 19 projects in the Bazaar’s co-production market, 11 projects will participate in the Works in Progress Lab including Shankar Raman’s “Gurgaon”, Alankrita Shrivastava’s “Lipstick Under My Burkha”, Avani Rai’s “Raghu Rai: An Unframed Portrait” and Rahul Jain’s “Machines”.
The NFDC will also feature 156 projects in various stages of completion in its Viewing Room and recommends some 32 of these, including Prasanna Jayakody’s “Leopard Do Not Bite”, Nicholas Kharkongor’s “Mantra”, Bauddhayan Mukherji’s “The Violin Player”, Surya Balakrishnan’s “Right Forward” and Alka Raghuram’s “Burqa Boxers”.
Potential international buyers for these projects include Bazaar attendees Arte France, Samuel Goldwyn and Zeitgeist Films, and distributors and sales agents Fortissimo, Magnolia Pictures, Focus Features and Alpha Violent.
Also mining the Bazaar for potential gems will be representatives of several international festivals including Cannes, Locarno and Venice.
Nina Lath Gupta, Managing Director, NFDC India said: “With NFDC connecting Indian and international film fraternities, Film Bazaar will again discover and significantly support upcoming talent from all over. We look forward to addressing key concerns of the world film community in the dynamic domains of film development, production, and distribution.”

Shyam Benegal Committee
The Shyam Benegal headed committee constituted by the Union Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry has submitted its report to Union I&B minister Arun Jaitley.
The committee was tasked to look holistically into the functioning of the censor board and revamp the film certification nuances by Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
Key Recommendations CBFC
should only be a film certification body and its scope should be restricted to categorizing the suitability of the film to audience groups on the basis of age and maturity.
The board can refuse certification when a film contains contravenes the provisions of Cinematograph Act.
It can also refuse certification when content in a film crosses the ceiling laid down in the highest category of certification.
The applicant for certificate must specify the category of certification being sought and the target audience.

MULTIMEDIA CAMPAIGNS FOR SCHEMES/INITIATIVES LAUNCHED BY THE GOVERNMENT
Government after taking over in May 2014 has launched many welfare schemes including the popular Jan Dhan Yojana, PM Awas Yojana, Suraksha Bima Yojana, Smart City Mission among many more. Here we bring you the complete list of 47 (As far as our knowledge and research) major schemes launched by Narendra Modi Government till March 2016.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
Launched: ‎28 August 2014
Main Objective: Financial inclusion and access to financial services for all households in the country.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is a national mission to bring comprehensive financial inclusion of all the households in the country. Under the PMJDY, any individual above the age of 10 years and does not ave a bank account can open a bank account without depositing any money.
The scheme was to ensure the access to financial services such as banking / savings & deposit Accounts, remittance, credit, debit cards, insurance and pension in affordable manner. The scheme was mostly targeted to the people belonging to the Below Poverty Line but is beneficial to everyone who does not have a bank account.
Jan Dhan Yojana has seen a great success, about 21 Crore accounts have been opened in just about one and half year under the scheme. Out of the total 12.87 crore in rural area and 8.13 Crore accounts have been opened in urban areas. Despite of zero minimum balance, there is 33074.89 crore rupees balance in these accounts with 28.88% accounts opened with zero balance.

Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (PMSSY)
Launched: 22 January 2015
Main Objective: Secure the future of girl child
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is an ambitious small deposit savings scheme for a girl child. Under the scheme, a saving account can be opened in the name of girl child and deposits can be made for 14 years. After the girl reach 18 years of age, she can withdraw 50% of the amount for marriage or higher study purposes.
After the girl completes 21 years of age, the maturity amount can be withdrawn including the interest at rates decided by Government every year.
The investments and returns are exempt from section 80C of Indian income tax act. The maximum investment of Rs. 1.5 Lakh per year can be made while minimum deposit is Rs. 1000/- per year.
In case of more than one girl child, parents can open another account on the different name but only for 2 girl child. Only exception is that the parents have twins and another girl child.

Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY)
Launched: 8 April 2015
Main Objective: Financial support for growth of micro enterprises sector.
Pradhan Mantri MUDRA (Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency) Yojana was launched with the purpose to provide funding to the non-corporate small business sector. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) is open and is available from all Bank branches across the country.
The small businesses/startups or entrepreneurs can avail loans from Rs. 50 thousand to 10 Lakh to start/grow their business under the three, Shishu, Kishore and Tarun categories of the scheme.
As per the official website of PMMY, 27344053 number of loans have been sanctioned under the scheme till 26 February 2016. The amount sanctioned has reached more than Rs. 1 Lakh Crore.

Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)
Launched: 9 May 2015
Main Objective: Provide life insurance cover to all Indian citizens
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana is a government backed life insurance scheme in India aimed at increasing the penetration of life insurance cover in India. The scheme is open and available to all Indian citizens between the age of 18 to 50 years.
Under the scheme, the policy holder can get a life insurance cover of Rs. 2 Lakh with an annual premium of just Rs. 330 excluding service tax. All the Indian citizens between 18-50 years of age with a saving bank account are eligible to avail the scheme.

Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
Launched: 9 May 2015
Main Objective: Provide accidental insurance cover to all Indian citizens
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana is also a government backed accident insurance scheme in India aimed at increasing the penetration of accidental insurance cover in India. The scheme is open and available to all Indian citizens between the age of 18 to 70 years.
Under the scheme, the policy holder can get a life insurance cover of Rs. 2 Lakh with an annual premium of just Rs. 12 excluding service tax. All the Indian citizens between 18-70 years of age with a saving bank account are eligible to avail the scheme.

Atal Pension Yojana (APY)
Launched: 9 May 2015
Main Objective: Increase the number of people covered under any kind of pension scheme.
Atal Pension Yojana is one of the three Jan Suraksha schemes launched by PM Narendra Modi. APY is aimed at increasing the number of pension scheme beneficiaries across the country. The scheme is especially targeted to the private unorganized sector and is open to all Indian citizens between the age of 18 to 40 years.
Under the scheme, the beneficiary have to make contribution for at least 20 years before he/she can get pension after attaining age of 60 years. The scheme provides a monthly pension of Rs 1000 to Rs. 5000 per month based on the contribution amount.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
Launched: 25 June 2015
Main Objective: Achieve housing for all by the year 2022, 2 crore in Urban and 3 Crore homes in Rural areas.
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is an ambitious scheme of Narendra Modi Government. Under the PMAY, the government aims to provide about 5 Crore affordable homes to the people belonging to EWS and LIG categories by the year 2022. There is a target of building 2 crore homes in urban area and 3 crore in rural areas across the country.
Under the scheme, the government will provide financial assistance to the poor home buyers, interest subsidy on home loan and direct subsidy on homes bought under the scheme.

Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
Launched: 11 October 2014
Main Objective: Social, cultural, economic, infrastructure developments in the villages, i.e. development of model villages called “Adarsh Gram”
Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
Launched: 11 October 2014
Main Objective: Provide insurance cover to rabi and kharif crops and financial support to farmers in case of damage of crops.
In order to make crop insurance simpler and cheaper for the farmers and to provide them with better insurance services, a Central Sector Scheme of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFSY) was launched by the Government of India replacing NAIS and MNAIS.
Under the new scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two per cent for all kharif crops and 1.5 per cent for all rabi crops.
The scheme will be implemented from the kharif season this year, i.e. 2016.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana (PMGSY)
Launched: 01 July 2015
Main Objective: Irrigating the field of every farmer and improving water use efficiency to provide `Per Drop More Crop’.
The scheme is aimed to attract investments in irrigation system at field level, develop and expand cultivable land in the country, enhance ranch water use in order to minimize wastage of water, enhance crop per drop by implementing water-saving technologies and precision irrigation.
All the States and Union Territories including North Eastern States are covered under the programme.
The government has approved Rs.50,000 crore for the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana for next 5 years, i.e. up to 2020.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojanaye (PMGKY)
Launched: April 2015
Main Objective: Implement the pro-poor welfare schemes in more effective way and reaches out to more poor population across the country.
Garib Kalyan Yojana is a Poverty Alleviation Scheme, which is primarily a work shop that you can pay and attend. The effort of the campaign and workshop is to motive and appraise the member of parliaments to help them effectively implement the government run schemes for the welfare of poor in the country.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana (PMJAY)
Launched: March 2016 (Expected)
Main Objective: Provides drugs/medicines at affordable cost across the country.
The scheme is a new version of earlier Jan Aushadhi Yojana, to be renamed as Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana, the scheme aims to open 3000 Jan Aushadhi stores to sell drugs at affordable cost.
Under the scheme, over 500 medicines will be sold through Jan Aushadhi stores at price less than the market price. Private hospitals, NGO’s, and other social groups are eligible to open the Jan Aushadhi stores with a onetime assistance of Rs. 2.5 Lakh from the central Government.
**The scheme is yet to be launched in March 2016.

Make in India
Launched: 25 September 2014
Main Objective: To encourage multi-national, as well as domestic companies to manufacture their products in India and create jobs and skill enhancement in 25 sectors.
The major objective behind the initiative is to focus on job creation and skill enhancement in 25 sectors of the economy. The initiative also aims at high quality standards and minimising the impact on the environment. The initiative hopes to attract capital and technological investment in India.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Launched: 2 October 2014
Main Objective: To fulfil Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of a clean and hygienic India.
Swachh Bharat Mission is being implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development (M/o UD) and by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (M/o DWS) for urban and rural areas respectively.

Kisan Vikas Patra
Launched: 3 March 2015 (Re-Launched)
Main Objective: To provide safe and secure investment avenues to the small investors.
Kisan Vikas Patra is an investment scheme wherein the invested money will get doubled in 8 years and 4 months. However, investors would not get any tax benefit for their investment in Kisan Vikas Patra unlike in PPF. The Kisan Vikas Patra certificates would be available in the denominations of Rs 1,000, 5,000, 10,000 and 50,000 and there is no upper limit on investment in KVPs.

Soil Health Card Scheme
Launched: 17 February 2015
Main Objective: To help farmers to improve productivity from their farms by letting them know about nutrient/fertilizer requirements for their farms.
The soil health card studies and reviews the health of soil or rather we can say a complete evaluation of the quality of soil right from its functional characteristics, to water and nutrients content and other biological properties. It will also contain corrective measures that a farmer should adopt to obtain a better yield.

Digital India
Launched: 1 July 2015
Main Objective: To deliver Government services to citizens electronically by improving online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity.
The Digital India programme is a flagship programme of the Government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. The vision of Digital India programme is to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.

Skill India
Launched: 16 July 2015
Main Objective: Train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.
The main goal of Skill India Program is to create opportunities, space and scope for the development of talents of the Indian youth. The scheme also targeted to identify new sectors for skill development and develop more of those sectors which have already been put under skill development for the last so many years.

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana
Launched: 22 January 2015
Main Objective: To generate awareness and improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women.
The scheme is to have as focussed intervention and multi-section action in almost 100 districts with low Child Sex Ratio (CSR).

Mission Indradhanush
Launched: 25 December 2014
Main Objective: To immunize all children as well as pregnant women against seven vaccine preventable diseases namely diphtheria, whooping cough (Pertussis), tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B by 2020.
The aim of Mission Indradhanush is to achieve full immunization in 352 districts which includes 279 mid priority districts, 33 districts from the North East states and 40 districts from phase one where huge number of missed out children were detected.

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY)
Launched: 25 July 2015
Main Objective: Electric supply feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure including metering at all levels in rural areas.
DDUGJY will help in providing round the clock power to rural households and adequate power to agricultural consumers. The earlier scheme for rural electrification viz. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) has been subsumed in the new scheme as its rural electrification component.

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY)
Launched: 25 July 2015
Main Objective: To achieve inclusive growth, by developing skills and productive capacity of the rural youth from poor families.
DDU-GKY aims to train rural youth who are poor and provide them with jobs having regular monthly wages. It is one of the cluster initiatives of the Ministry of Rural Development that seeks to promote rural livelihoods. It is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) – the Mission for poverty reduction called Aajeevika.

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Yojana (PDUSJY)
Launched: 16 October 2014
Main Objective: To consolidate information of Labour Inspection and its enforcement through a unified web portal, which will lead to transparency and accountability in inspections.
A Unified Labour Portal, known as the Shram Suvidha portal was launched under the scheme as a platform to facilitate the implementation of a transparent system for information and database management.

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
Launched: 24 June 2015
Main Objective: Providing basic services (e.g. water supply, sewerage, urban transport) to households and build amenities in cities which will improve the quality of life for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged.
The purpose of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is to (i) ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection; (ii) increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks); and (iii) reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).

Swadesh Darshan Yojana
Launched: 09 March 2015
Main Objective: Develop world class tourism infrastructure.
As part of the Swadesh Darshan Scheme, theme based tourism circuits (TBCT) around specific themes such as religion, culture, ethnicity, niche, etc. are identified for infrastructure development across the country.

PRASAD (Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive)
Launched: 09 March 2015
Main Objective: Develop world class tourism infrastructure in Amritsar, Ajmer, Amaravati, Dwaraka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Kedarnath, Kamakhya, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi and Vellankani.
PRASAD scheme aims to create spiritual centres for tourism development within the nation. As part of mission strategy, religious destinations that have potential to be show-cased as world-class tourism products are identified and infrastructure is developed on a priority basis.

National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
Launched: 21 January 2015
Main Objective: Bringing together urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner to preserve the heritage character of each Heritage City.
With a duration of 27 months (completing in March 2017) and a total outlay of INR 500 Crores, the Scheme is being implemented in 12 identified Cities namely, Ajmer, Amaravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni and Warangal. The scheme is implemented in a mission mode.

Udaan Scheme
Launched: 14 November 2014
Main Objective: Encouraging girls for higher technical education and aims to provide a platform that empowers girl students and provides them with better learning opportunities.
It is a mentoring and scholarship scheme to enable meritorious girl students to transit from schools to technical education without much difficulty and also aims to enrich and enhance teaching and learning of mathematics and science at senior secondary school level by providing free online resources for all.

National Bal Swachhta Mission
Launched: 14 November 2014
Main Objective: To provide hygienic and clean environment, food, drinking water, toilets, schools and other surroundings to the children.
The Bal Swachhta Mission is a part of the nationwide sanitation initiative of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ launched by the Prime Minister on 2nd October, 2014.

One Rank One Pension (OROP) Scheme
Launched: NA
Main Objective: To provide same pension, for same rank, for same length of service, irrespective of the date of retirement.
This is not a Modi Government scheme, however, the government is making its efforts to implement the long pending scheme.

Smart City Mission
Launched: 25 June 2015
Main Objective: To develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable
Under the mission, the NDA Government aims to develop smart cities equipped with basic infrastructure and offer a good quality of life through smart solutions. Assured water and power supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transport, robust IT connectivity, e-governance and citizen participation along with safety of its citizens are some of the likely attributes of these smart cities.

Gold Monetisation Schemes
Launched: 04 November 2015
Main Objective: To reduce the reliance on gold imports over time.
The programme is to lure tonnes of gold from households into the banking system. Under the scheme, people can deposit gold into the banks and earn interest based on the value of the gold.

Startup India, Standup India
Launched: ‎16 January 2016
Main Objective: To provide support to all start-up businesses in all aspects of doing business in India.
Under the scheme, the start-ups will adopt self-certification to reduce the regulatory liabilities. An online portal, in the shape of a mobile application, will be launched to help start-up founders to easily register. The app is scheduled to be launched on April 1.

DigiLocker
Launched: ‎01 July 2015
Main Objective: To provide a secure dedicated personal electronic space for storing the documents of resident Indian citizens.
It is a part of Digital India programme, Digital Locker has been designed to reduce the administrative overhead of government departments and agencies created due to paper work.
It will also make it easy for the residents to receive services by saving time and effort as their documents will now be available anytime, anywhere and can be shared electronically.

Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS)
Launched: ‎18 September 2015
Main Objective: To ensure 24/7 power for all.
The Government of India will provide financial support of Rs. 45,800 crore over the entire implementation period of IPDS under which strengthening of sub-transmission network, metering, IT application, customer care Services, provisioning of solar panels will be implemented.

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
Launched: ‎21 February 2016
Main Objective: To create 300 rural clusters across the country and strengthen financial, job, and lifestyle facilities in rural areas.
Rurban Mission is a solution for both villages and cities in the country that would promote growth of villages and its residents at the place where they are. Under the mission, the government will identify and develop 300 rural clusters with urban like facilities in the next 3 years.

Sagarmala Project
Launched: ‎31 July 2015
Main Objective: To transform the existing ports into modern world class ports.
The prime objective of the Sagarmala project is to promote port-led direct and indirect development and to provide infrastructure to transport goods to and from ports quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively.
The Sagarmala Project, aimed at port-led development in coastal areas, is bound to boost the country’s economy and the government has lined up about Rs 70,000 crore for its 12 major ports only

‘Prakash Path’ – ‘Way to Light’ – The National LED Programme
Launched: ‎05 January 2015
Main Objective: To distribute LED bulbs and decrease the power consumption.
This is one of the many schemes launched by Narendra Modi government India. The programme has been launched to distribute and encourage the use of LED light bulbs to save both cost and consumption.

UJWAL Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY)
Launched: ‎20 November 2015
Main Objective: To obtain operational and financial turnaround of State owned Power Distribution Companies (DISCOMs).
The Scheme aims to reduce the interest burden, reduce the cost of power, reduce power losses in Distribution sector, and improve operational efficiency of DISCOMs.

Vikalp Scheme
Launched: ‎01 November 2015
Main Objective: For confirmed accommodation in next alternative train for the waitlisted passengers.
Vikalp scheme is available only for the tickets booked through internet for six months and option will be limited to mail and express trains running on Delhi-Lucknow and Delhi-Jammu sectors.

National Sports Talent Search Scheme (NSTSS)
Launched: ‎20 February 2015
Main Objective: To Identify sporting talent among students in the age group of 8–12 years.
The scheme is being implemented by the Sports Authority of India (SAI), under the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports for spotting talented young children in the age group of 8-14 years from schools and nurturing them by providing scientific training.

Rashtriya Gokul Mission
Launched: ‎16 December 2014
Main Objective: To conserve and develop indigenous bovine breeds.
Rashtriya Gokul Mission aims to conserve and develop indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner. It is a focussed project under National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development, with an outlay of Rs 500 crore during the 12th Five Year Plan.

PAHAL-Direct Benefits Transfer for LPG (DBTL) Consumers Scheme
Launched: ‎01 January 2015
Main Objective: To send the subsidy money of LPG cylinders directly into the bank accounts of the consumers and increase efficiency & transparency in the whole system.
Under the scheme, the LPG consumer can now receive subsidy in his bank account by two methods. Such a consumer will be called CTC (Cash Transfer Compliant) once he joins the scheme and is ready to receive subsidy in the bank account.

The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI AAYOG)
Launched: ‎01 January 2015
Main Objective: to foster involvement and participation in the economic policy-making process by the State Governments of India.
The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) which replaced 65 year old Planning Commission will act more like a think tank or forum, in contrast with the Commission which imposed five-year-plans and allocated resources to hit set economic targets.

Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)
Launched: ‎17 September 2015
Main Objective: To Safeguard Health, Environment and Economic Conditions of the Tribals.
Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).

Namami Gange Project
Launched: ‎ 10 July 2014
Main Objective: To integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner.
Namami Gange approaches Ganga Rejuvenation by consolidating the existing ongoing efforts and planning for a concrete action plan for future. The interventions at Ghats and River fronts will facilitate better citizen connect and set the tone for river centric urban planning process.

Setu Bharatam Project
Launched: ‎ 03 March 2016
Main Objective: To free all national highways from railway level crossings and renovate the old bridges on national highways by 2019.
Setu Bharatam is an ambitious programme with an investment of Rs. 50,000 crore to build bridges for safe and seamless travel on National Highways.
208 new “road over bridges / road under bridges” are envisaged for construction, while 1500 bridges will be widened, rehabilitated or replaced.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
Launched: ‎ 1 May 2016
Main Objective: To distribute free LPG connections to the women belonging to 5 Crore BPL families across the country.
According the estimates, about 1.50 Crore BPL families will be benefited under the scheme in the year 2016-17. The scheme will cover 3.5 Crore more BPL families in the next two years. The scheme provides a financial support of Rs 1600 for each LPG connection to the BPL households.
This is the first ever welfare scheme by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas which would benefit crores of women belonging to the poorest households.

ashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
Launched: ‎ Proposed
Main Objective: To help Panchayat Raj Institutions deliver Sustainable Development Goals.
It is a new proposed scheme announced in the union financial budget 2016-17 by the Finance Minister Mr. Arun Jaitley.
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan has been proposed with allocation of Rs. 655 crore.

Startup India, Standup India
Launched: ‎16 January 2016
Main Objective: To provide support to all start-up businesses in all aspects of doing business in India.
Under the scheme, the start-ups will adopt self-certification to reduce the regulatory liabilities. An online portal, in the shape of a mobile application, will be launched to help start-up founders to easily register. The app is scheduled to be launched on April 1.

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
Launched: ‎21 February 2016
Main Objective: To create 300 rural clusters across the country and strengthen financial, job, and lifestyle facilities in rural areas.
Rurban Mission is a solution for both villages and cities in the country that would promote growth of villages and its residents at the place where they are. Under the mission, the government will identify and develop 300 rural clusters with urban like facilities in the next 3 years.

Setu Bharatam Project
Launched: ‎ 03 March 2016
Main Objective: To free all national highways from railway level crossings and renovate the old bridges on national highways by 2019.
Setu Bharatam is an ambitious programme with an investment of Rs. 50,000 crore to build bridges for safe and seamless travel on National Highways.
208 new “road over bridges / road under bridges” are envisaged for construction, while 1500 bridges will be widened, rehabilitated or replaced.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
Launched: ‎ 1 May 2016
Main Objective: To distribute free LPG connections to the women belonging to 3.5 Crore BPL families across the country.
According the estimates, about 1.50 Crore BPL families will be benefited under the scheme in the year 2016-17. The scheme will cover 3.5 Crore more BPL families in the next two years. The scheme provides a financial support of Rs 1600 for each LPG connection to the BPL households.
This is the first ever welfare scheme by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas which would benefit crores of women belonging to the poorest households.

Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
Launched: ‎ 14 April 2016
Main Objective: To help Panchayat Raj Institutions deliver Sustainable Development Goals.
Government to Double the Income of Farmers by 2022
Unified Agricultural Marketing E-Platform to be Dedicated to the Nation on 14th April this Year .
The Union Finance Minister, Shri Arun Jaitley while presenting the General Budget today said that his Government intends to go beyond Food Security and give back a sense of income security to our farmers. In this regard, his Government intends to double the farmers’ income by 2022.  He allotted Rs. 35,984 crore for agriculture and farmers’ welfare. He said that his government intends to address issues of optimal utilization of water resources, create new infrastructure for irrigation, conserve soil fertility with balanced use of fertilizer and provide connectivity from farm to market.

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA)
Launched- 9 June 2016
Main Objective- The pregnant ladies will be given free health check-up and required treatment for free on 9th of every month.
Key features of Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
• All kinds of medical checkups under the scheme will be completely free.
• Tests will take place at the medical centres, government and private hospitals and private clinics across the country.
• Women will be marked differently based on their health problems so that doctors can easily detect the problem.
• The scheme is applicable only to the women in their pregnancy period of 3 to 6 months.
• The women belonging to semi urban, poor and rural areas will be given preferences.

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT
Forest cover increased by 3500 sq km
According to the recently released India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2015, India’s forest and tree cover has been increased by 5081 Square kilometre.
The report was released by the Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi
Key facts
The total forest and tree cover in the country is 79.42 million hectare, which accounts for 24.16 per cent of the total geographical area.
The total forest cover of the country has increased by 3, 775 sq km and the tree cover has gone up by 1, 306 sq km.
The majority of the increase in forest cover has been observed in open forest category mainly outside forest areas, followed by Very Dense Forest.
Open Forest area: Increased by 4744 sq km and accounts for 9.14 per cent of the total geographical area.
Very Dense Forest area: Increased by 2404 sq km and accounts for 2.61 per cent of the total geographical area.
Total carbon stock: Increased by 1.48 per cent (103 million tonnes) and is estimated to be 7, 044 million tonnes in the country’s forest.
Around 40 per cent forest cover in India is in 9 big patches of 10, 000 sq kms and more. The increase in mangrove cover also has been included in the increase in total forest cover.
State wise maximum increase in forest cover: Tamil Nadu (2, 501 sq km), Kerala (1, 317 sq km) and Jammu & Kashmir (450 sq km).
Largest forest cover in terms of area: Madhya Pradesh (77, 462 sq km), Arunachal Pradesh (67, 248 sq km) and Chhattisgarh (55, 586 sq km).
Highest percentage of forest cover: Mizoram (88.93%), Lakshadweep (84.56%).
States/UTs having forest cover above 33 per cent: 15 States/UTs have forest cover above 33 percent of the geographical area.
Out of these 7 states/UTs have more than 75 per cent forest cover. They are Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Island, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Manipur.
8 states have forest cover in between 33 per cent to 75 per cent. They are Tripura, Goa, Sikkim, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Chhattisgarh and Assam.

India protected interests of developing countries in Paris Climate deal

Comprehensive INDCs welcomed all over the world
Target of reducing emission intensity by 35%
Increasing non-fossil fuel share of energy mix capacity to 40%
Creating carbon sink of 2.5 bn tones
Effective representation of countries interest in COP at LIMA and at Paris
Proactive and leadership role
Network with LMDCs, SAARC, LDCs, SIDCs, BASIC, BRICS and Africa group effectively
Indian Pavilion was attraction of Paris COP
Secured interests of India and developing countries

NEW INITIATIVES AND EFFORTS 2014-2016
HIGHLIGHTS
Forest cover increased
Industrial pollution better monitored and controlled.
2000 approvals have unlocked INR-10 lakh crore of investment and 10 lakh job potential
Project Approval period reduced from 600 days to 190 days by standardization, decentralization, transparent processes and Policy decisions
Protected India’s interest in Paris at COP 21
FOREST initiatives- 1
Afforestation
CAMPA Bill to provide Rs 42,000 Crores to states for afforestation
Odisha would get the maximum amount of about Rs 6,000 crore, followed by Chattisgarh which will get Rs 3,861 crore and Rs 3,459 crore for Madhya Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh will get Rs 2,223 crore, Arunachal Pradesh Rs 1462 crore, Gujarat Rs 1100 crore, Himachal Pradesh Rs 1395 crore, Jammu & Kashmir Rs 926 crore, Jharkand Rs 3099 crore, Karnataka Rs 917 crore, Maharashtra Rs 2,433 crore, Rajasthan Rs 1425 crore, Uttar Pradesh Rs 1,314 crore and Uttarakhand Rs 2,210 crore.
New schemes like urban forest and School Nursery
With an aim to increase green cover, the environment ministry has decided to create “Urban Forests” by utilising forest land lying vacant or degraded in various cities across the country.
The ministry will launch the ‘Urban Forestry scheme’ on 6 June in Pune, a day after the world environment day, where around 4,000 saplings will be planted on a 70-acre land to increase forest cover.
The scheme will also have a concept of “smriti van” where people, after making a donation of Rs.2,000 can also plant a sapling in memory of their loved ones. “There are many cities where the forest department has its land but there are no forest on it or are degraded. We have now asked state governments to identify such places. In these places through people’s participation, we will establish urban forestry.
“We will launch the Urban Forestry scheme on June 6 in Pune. 4000 saplings belonging to native species will be planted there on 70-acre forest land. It will help in creating a carbon sink,” environment minister Prakash Javadekar told reporters.
School Nursery
Union Government has launched the School Nursery Yojana in a bid to bring school students closer to nature by involving them in raising of saplings in school nurseries.
The scheme was launched by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi.
About School Nursery Yojana
Objective: To create an everlasting bond between the young school students and plants, trees. It also seeks to provide an opportunity to the students to learn about nature.
It will develop an organic linkage and positive emotions for the environment among the school students and in turn keep the schools and the neighbourhood green.
Activities: Schools will distribute saplings to students to plant in their homes and surroundings through School Nursery.
The school nursery will be in small space of a minimum of 100 sq meters in premises of school which will provide essential facilities for raising saplings.
In this nursery students will prepare beds for raising saplings and use it for other nursery-related activities such as preparing mixture of soil, good earth and manure and storage of seeds.
Other activities: The schools also take up other activities like composting, rain water harvesting and water recycling.
In progress
PPP for afforestation in degraded forest
Policy for incentivizing tree cover outside forest
Partnership in greening Highways, Railways and banks of Ganga
Corridor protection
Water and Fodder Augmentation in Protected Areas

FOREST initiatives- 2
Wildlife
70% of Worlds tiger population in india at 2226
Robust wildlife with 30000+ elephants; 3000+ Single Horn Rhinos
NBWL approved 400+ projects
SC decided that NBWL approval is final and no SC concurrence is needed
Finalized Eco-Sensitive zones (ESZs) proposals for 404 PAs out of 646
Special efforts to avoid Animal Human Conflict
Voluntary relocation done for 25 villages and 3000 families

Discoveries and Technology
6 patents filed by Institutes of Forestry Research
New 655 Flora discoveries
New 115 Fauna discoveries
Use of technologies like Drones, E-surveillance, Satellite,
GPS tagging for better Forest and Wildlife Management

Pollution Initiatives -1
Emission standards upgraded for many industries
24×7 real-time emission and effluent monitoring installed in 2400 polluting industries
650 Closure notices Issued
Industrial Pollution in Ganga reduced by 35%
Efforts for pollution control in Delhi in cooperation with:
EPCA
5 states in Delhi air shed

Pollution Initiatives 2 : Waste Management
Waste management rules,2016 revamped
Solid Waste
E – Waste
Biomedical Waste
Plastic Waste
Hazardous Waste
Construction & Demolition waste management rules notified for the first time.
Geo-Mapping of 30000 industries which generate hazardous substance

Ease of doing ‘Responsible business’
Policies
General approval for strategic defense installation infrastructure and road infrastructure in LWE areas
Real estate environmental guidelines standardized
EC for industrial sheds and education sector done away – with standard guidelines
Permission for up gradation for existing forest roads
Widening of national highways passing through forest
Validity of EC increased from 5 to 7 years
Permission of forest diversion for creation of new capital city
Transparent Processes
Online application and tracking of status and delays launched
More expert appraisal committees formed to overcome the issue of pendency
SEIAA processes fast-tracked, reviewed, and timelines given
TORs standardized which has resulted in deleting the delays
Decentralization
Diversion of forest below 40 hectares decentralized through regional offices with states participation
Linear projects like roads/ rail/ drinking water canal/ irrigation water canal/ transmission/ laying pipe and cables of any size are approved through regional offices
Approvals
Average days required for project approval brought down from 600 days to 190 days
Forest approval average time has been brought down from 580 days to 180 days
2000 approvals which unlocked 10 lakh cr of investment and 10 lakh job potential
All important public infrastructure projects which were pending are approved, no backlog
Coastal Initiatives
Mangroves increased by more than 100 sq Km
Detailed high resolution coastal map and HTL drawn with high resolution technology and low flying survey
Other Initiatives
Sustainable sand mining and minor mineral policy notified
River improvement programs undertaken on 11 rivers in 26 towns of 8 states
Partnering in Railway, Highway and Ganga greening
Himalayan ecology study undertaken
Preparation of building new National Museum of Natural History

Public Participation
More than one lakh Eco-clubs in schools and colleges are being made active
Climate Express has visited 120 stations and 45 lakh people/ students saw the exhibition
Plastic waste collection by students became successful
Environmentally friendly building of the ministry opened for the students and public
Nature walk with students in Asolabhati

Building a Team Through Motivation
Three Chintan Shivirs of officers
Pledge by staff
E-magazine launched
More effective communication with all divisions, scientists, field staff

Ministry of Finance
Cabinet approves merger of Rail, General budgets
Ending a 92-year-old tradition, the Union Cabinet decided to merge the Railway budget with the General budget
Autonomy: The merger of budgets would not impact the functional autonomy of the railways, but help in enhancing capital expenditure
The cabinet also agreed, in-principle, to advance the date of its presentation in Parliament from the usual February end
The actual date for presentation of the General budget for 2017-18 will be decided by the Govt after taking into account the coming Assembly elections
The Cabinet has also decided to do away with the Plan/ Non-Plan expenditure classification in Budget 2017-18 and replace with ‘capital and receipt’

Special package announced for Andhra Pradesh
Prime Minister made an announcement which, in practical terms, amounts to the treatment of residual Andhra Pradesh as a Special Category state
The package is valid for five years- 2015 to 2020
It revolves around various sections in the A.P. Reorganisation Act, the 14th Finance Commission report recommendations, oral commitment made by the then Prime Minister in February 2014 and the recommendations made by the Niti Ayog in 2015
Centre would authorise the State to take charge of the construction while it would meet the financial needs
CBDT would issue two specific notifications on tax concessions being extended to AP

Overhauling the budgeting process- a reforms agenda
Rail budget: The practice of presenting a separate Budget for the railways is to be scrapped from 2017
Budget documents getting slimmer with indirect tax proposals finding almost no mention after excise duties, service tax and cesses are subsumed under the proposed GST regime
Plan v/s Non-Plan: Abolition of the distinction, to be replaced with capital and revenue expenditure, is also on cards
Time: Until 2000, the Budget was announced at 5 pm & the practice was inherited from the pre-Independence era, when the British Parliament would pass the Budget in the noon followed by India in the evening on the same day
In 2001, the NDA Govt under Atal Bihari Vajpayee changed the ritual and the then finance minister, Yashwant Sinha, presented the Union Budget at 11 am
New financial year: Govt has already set up a committee to examine its feasibility, replacing the existing April-March period

Govt mulls presenting Budget by Jan-end
Why? To complete the exercise before the beginning of the new financial year
Impact: There would be no need for a Vote on Account and a full Budget can be approved in one stage before March 31
Constitution: Does not mandate any specific date for presentation of the Budget
Traditionally: The Union Budget has for decades been presented on the last working day of February and the two-stage process of parliamentary approval takes it to mid-May
Stage 1: As the financial year begins on April 1, the Govt in March takes Parliament approval for Vote on Account for a sum of money sufficient to meet expenditure on various items for two to three months
Stage 2: The Demands and Appropriation Bill, entailing full-year expenditure and tax changes, is then passed in April/ May

Why a new schemes approval system?
Plan v/s non-plan: After doing away with this distinction at the end of 12th FYP (announced in Budget 2016-17), a plan non-plan neutral appraisal and approval system is imperative
This spread of resources: It is because Ministries had started operating small and multiple schemes & as a result it hampered realisation of any meaningful outcomes

New norms for clearing public-funded schemes
News: The Finance Ministry has issued new norms for the appraisal and approval of public-funded schemes as well as to improve the delivery of goods and services to citizens
Approval: No new scheme or sub-scheme can be initiated without the prior in-principle approval of the Department of Expenditure
This will not apply to the announcements made in the Budget Speech for any given year
Empower ministers to approve expenditure proposals of up to Rs 500 crore, up from the previous limit of Rs 150 crore
Administrative Ministries should continuously endeavour to merge, restructure or drop existing schemes and sub-schemes that have become redundant or ineffective with the passage of time

RBI Governor appointed by PMO on the recommendation of Finance Minister
News: The RBI Governor is appointed by the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) on the recommendation of the Union Finance Minister, the Centre informed Parliament
While the Appointment Committee of Cabinet (ACC) guidelines for appointment of Deputy Governors are still the same, the composition of the search committee has been changed
The RBI Act, 1934: Section 8(1)(a) provides that there shall be one Governor and not more than four Deputy Governors to be appointed by the central government on the central board of RBI
Deputy Governors: Appointed on the basis of ACC-approved guidelines, which stipulate that the search committee constituted for the purpose will recommend the person to be appointed as a Deputy Governor
Change: Now, a search committee, namely Financial Sector Regulatory Appointment Search Committee (FSRASC) has been constituted with the approval of ACC
The committee will recommend names for appointment of Chairperson and Members of financial sector regulatory bodies, including those of the Governor and Deputy Governors

More spending autonomy for Ministries
News: The threshold of non-Plan project expenditure that can be approved by ministries has been raised from Rs 150 crore to Rs 500 crore
The Finance Ministry’s nod will be needed for expenditure between Rs 500 crore and Rs 1,000 crore, beyond which Cabinet approval would be required
Impact: Expected to expedite the appraisal and approval process in the central government ministries/ departments

Tax receipts at Rs.14.6 lakh cr, exceeds estimates
News: The govt collected Rs.14.6 lakh crore in taxes in financial year 2015-16, which is higher than the Budget Estimates and Revised Estimates for the year
Reason: The bulk of the growth in total tax revenues was due to the increase in indirect tax collections
Statistics: Indirect tax collections were 31.1% higher than in the previous financial year
The total collection has exceeded the revised estimates and represents a growth of 17.6% compared to the last financial year

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Er. HartaJ is one of the main Instructors and a part of the team At NCA. He himself has cleared the SSB process thrice, but as per his grandfather's Late Lt. Col H.S.Dhaliwal Wish he is continuing teaching and making officers. Been associated with New Careers Academy for the last 8 years, he also has been succefull in making Second and Third Generation Of officers. Once Taught by his Grandfather and Father Capt. Dhaliwal. He is know all across with students for the way he teaches and he is more of a role model for them .
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