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current affairs 2015

Current Affairs 5TH APRIL 2015 TO 11TH APRIL, 2015

current affairs 2015

current affairs 2015

NATIONAL

ACID ATTACK VICTIMS ENTITLED TO FREE TREATMENT

The Supreme Court has directed private hospitals to provide free treatment, including specialized surgeries to acid attack victims. It has also asked government authorities to take action against them if they fail to comply with its order. After laying down a stringent regulatory mechanism for sale of acid to curb acid attacks on women, the court asked private hospitals to bear the entire cost of medical treatment of acid attack survivors, including costly plastic and corrective surgeries. According to a social justice bench of Justices Madan B Lokur and U U Lalit, hospitals must also provide free medicine, food and other facilities to such victims. Meanwhile, the Centre informed the court that 309 cases of acid attacks were registered in the country in 2014 out of which 185 incidents were from Uttar Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh witnessed the second highest number of cases with 57. No acid attack incident was reported in any Union Territory except Delhi where 27 such cases were registered last year.

GREENPEACE INDIA SOCIETY (GIS) REGISTRATION SUSPENDED

“Greenpeace India Society (GIS) registration was suspended by Union Ministry of Home Affairs for 180 days for acting against public and economic interests of the country. Greenpeace India Society (GIS) has seven bank accounts in IDBI Bank, ICICI Bank and Yes Bank and it has been frozen as per the order.

INFO-CRUX: l The Union Ministry of Home Affairs took the decision after an on-site inspection of the accounts and records of GIS in September 2014 under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 2010 which it is registered in India.

GIS has utilised its funds received from foreign sources for unauthorized purposes then Union Ministry of Home Affairs against the order within thirty days to the Secretary.

In 2001, Greenpeace India Society (GIS) was www.ias100.in www.ias100.in [5] active for various issues related to the environment in India.

The GIS organisation’s work is focused on four broad campaigns these are- stop climate change, sustainable agriculture, preserving the oceans and preventing another nuclear catastrophe.

GIS is an Indian chapter of Greenpeace International, which is a non-profit environmental organization having presence in 40 countries across Europe, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.

NORMS REVISED FOR STATE DISASTER RELIEF FUND

Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued orders on revision norms with respect of the Centrally notified disasters. These disasters include tsunami, earthquake, floods, cyclones, drought, hailstorm, etc.

20TH LAW COMMISSION REPORT 20th Law Commission

headed by Justice (retd) Ajit Prakash Shah on 7 April 2015 submitted the Report No 56 titled Eliminating Discrimination Against Persons Affected by Leprosy to the Union Ministry of Law and Justice. In the report, the Law Commission has recommended immediate repeal, amendment or modification of certain specific provisions in the laws applicable to leprosy-affected people in order to make their application more amenable to the present-day developments in the treatment of Leprosy.

ENHANCED INPUT SUBSIDY FOR FARMERS

The Prime Minister launched the Pradhan Mantri Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Yojana in New Delhi recently as an enhanced input subsidy relief for farmers in distress. Farmers will now be eligible for input subsidy if 33 per cent of their crop has been damaged, as opposed to 50 per cent or more, which was the norm till now. Further, the input subsidy given to distressed farmers will be enhanced by 50 per cent of the existing amount. The Prime Minister expressed concern over the problems faced by farmers due to the abnormal weather in the past year. He also gave the assurance that the Centre, State governments, banks and insurance companies would do their utmost to provide relief to the farmers.

TRAI RECOMMENDED SETTING UP OF IECRS

Recently, Telecom regulatory authority of India (TRAI) suggested the establishment of Integrated Emergency Communication and Response System (IECRS) within the country. This system can be accessed through a single emergency number 112 from a land line or mobile phone/device for all emergency phone-calls across the country.

The recommendation with respect to setting up of IECRS was made in exercise of its power conferred under section eleven (1)(a)(ii) and (vii) of the TRAI Act, 1997 which empowers TRAI to make recommendations, either suo motu or on a request from the licensor.

Main recommendations of TRAI on setting up of IECRS

Adoption of number 112 as the single emergency number for India which may be popularised extensively through a public awareness campaign by the government.

The existing emergency numbers 100,101,102 and 108 can be retained as secondary numbers. The calls made to the secondary numbers ought to be re-routed to the new single emergency number for termination of calls on the IECRS. The DoT may amend the National numbering Plan-2003 accordingly.

Access to IECRS ought to be permitted from the SIMs of those mobile phones/devices and from landline/mobile telephones where the outgoing call facility has been debarred or the service is temporarily suspended; however, such access to emergency facility shouldn’t be [ 8 ] Weekly Current Affairs 5th April 2015 to 11th April, 2015 www.ias100.in allowed from mobile handsets/devices which don’t have a SIM.

AMENDMENTS TO REAL ESTATE (REGULATION AND DEVELOPMENT) BILL, 2013

The Union Cabinet has approved the Real Estate (Regulation and Development Bill) which will address a long-standing demand to bring in a regulator for the real estate sector. According to the government, the Bill is expected ensure greater accountability towards consumers, and to significantly reduce frauds and delays. It said the proposed legislation is expected to promote regulated and orderly growth of the real estate sector through efficiency, professionalism and www.ias100.in www.ias100.in [9] standardization. These measures are expected to boost domestic and foreign investment in the sector and help achieve the objective of the Government of India to provide ‘Housing for All by 2022’, through enhanced private participation.

SECTION 125 OF CRPC FAVOURS DIVORCED MUSLIM WOMEN

According to the Supreme Court, divorced Muslim women are entitled to seek maintenance from their ex-husbands under the Criminal Procedure Code which provides the same relief to wives, children and parents. A bench of justices Dipak Misra and Prafulla C Pant referred several judgements of the apex court where law has been settled that a magistrate can grant maintenance to a divorced Muslim woman and parameters and considerations are the same as stipulated in Section 125 of the CrPC.

INTERNATIONAL

PEDRO CATERIANO BELLIDO APPOINTED AS PRIME MINISTER OF PERU

President Ollanta Humala appointed Pedro Cateriano Bellido as the new Prime Minister of Peru. He will replace Ana Jara. Ana Jara was sacked by Peruvian Congress amid allegations of corruption. By profession Cateriano is a lawyer and is specialized in constitutional law, and also teaches law at the University of Lima. Prior to his appointment, Pedro Cateriano Bellido was the Defence Minister of Peru. He was member of the Peruvian parliament from 1990 to 1992. Cateriano also had served as deputy justice minister from 2001 to 2002.

WORLD HEALTH DAY: 7TH APRIL

World health Day was observed all over the world on April 7, 2015. Theme for year 2015 was “FOOD SAFETY” with the slogan ‘’From Farm To Plate, Make Food Safe”. Key Facts

  • Access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food is essential to sustaining life and promoting good health.
  • Unsafe food containing harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites or chemical substances, causes more than 200 diseases – ranging from diarrhoea to cancers.
  • Foodborne and waterborne diarrhoeal diseases kill an estimated 2 million people globally every year, including many children.
  • Food safety, nutrition and food security are inextricably linked. Unsafe food creates a vicious cycle of disease and malnutrition, particularly affecting infants, young children, elderly and the sick.
  • Foodborne diseases impede socioeconomic development by straining health care systems, and harming national economies, tourism and trade.
  • Food supply chains now cross multiple national borders. Good collaboration between governments, producers and consumers helps ensure food safety.

INDIA ELECTED TO FOUR KEY SUBSIDIARY BODIES OF UNECOSOC

India has been elected to four key subsidiary bodies of the United Nations’ agency on economic and social issues, through winning election at the world body. India was elected by acclamation, a form of election that does not use a ballot, to the subsidiary bodies of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) during its coordination and management meeting. With the election wins, India maintained its 100% record of winning elections held in the United Nations Headquarters.

NINTH MEETING OF THE INTERNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY AGENCY (IRENA)

India has been designated as Chair to the Ninth Meeting of International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) Council which is scheduled to be held for 10th & 11th June, 2015 in Abu Dhabi. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organization that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future, and serves as the principal platform for international cooperation, a centre of excellence, and a repository of policy, technology, resource and financial knowledge on renewable energy. It was founded in 2009 and its statute entered into force on 8 July 2010. The agency is headquartered in Abu Dhabi. The Director-General of IRENA is Adnan Amin, a national of Kenya. India is a founder Member of the International Renewable Energy Agency. (IRENA), IRENA has two main governing structures; one is IRENA Assembly which takes decisions at Macro level and gives policy guidance to IRENA. Second is IRENA Council which is the main Governing Body of the Agency responsible for implementing various decisions of the Assembly.

SOCIAL PROGRESS INDEX (SPI) RANKINGS

The Social Progress Index defines social progress as the capacity of a society to meet the basic human needs of its citizens, establish the building blocks that allow citizens and communities to enhance and sustain the quality of their lives, and create the conditions for all individuals to reach their full potential. [ 1 6 ] Weekly Current Affairs 5th April 2015 to 11th April, 2015 www.ias100.in The Index combines three dimensions – Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity. Each dimension comprises four components, which are each composed of between three and five specific outcome indicators. The included indicators are selected because they are measured appropriately, with a consistent methodology, by the same organization across all (or essentially all) of the countries in the sample. Together, this framework aims to capture a broad range of interrelated factors revealed by the scholarly literature and practitioner experience as underpinning social progress. Two key features of the Social Progress Index are the complete exclusion of economic variables and the use of outcome measures rather than inputs. According to SPI, “In the Basic Human Needs Dimension, India performs best on Nutrition and Basic Medical Care and has most opportunity to improve on the Shelter component. In the Foundations of Wellbeing Dimension, India scores highest on Access to Basic Knowledge but lags on the Ecosystem Sustainability component. In the Opportunity Dimension, India is strongest on Personal Freedom and Choice and has the most room to improve on Tolerance and Inclusion.”

PAKISTAN, SRI LANKA SIGN NUCLEAR AGREEMENT

Sri Lanka and Pakistan signed six agreements, including one on atomic energy, on Monday, the two countries’ leaders said, as the strategically important island looks to build its first nuclear plant. The agreements pertain to advancing cooperation in disaster management, sports, shipping, socio-economic development, education and narcotics control.

INDIA & WORLD INDIA ELECTED TO KEY UNITED NATIONS BODIES

India has been elected to four key subsidiary bodies of the United Nations’ agency on economic and social issues, continuing its impressive record of winning elections at the world body.

INDIA & WORLD

INDIA ELECTED TO KEY UNITED NATIONS BODIES

India has been elected to four key subsidiary bodies of the United Nations’ agency on economic and social issues, continuing its impressive record of winning elections at the world body.

 INFO-CRUX: India was elected by acclamation, a form of election that does not use a ballot, to the subsidiary bodies of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) during its coordination and management meeting. With the election wins, India maintained its 100 per cent record of winning elections held in the United Nations Headquarters.

It was elected, along with 13 other nations, to the Executive Board of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) for a three-year term beginning January 2016. UNICEF addresses the needs of children with emphasis on giving longterm benefits to children everywhere, particularly those in developing countries.

India was also re-elected to the Executive Board of the World Food Programme for the 2016-2018 term along with five other nations. WFP is the food assistance arm of the UN which provides food assistance to around 90 million people in 80 countries in a year.

It was among the 20 nations to be elected to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) for a three-year term, beginning January 2016. Apart from India, other nations elected to CCPCJ include Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia Austria, France, Sweden and the United States. The CCPCJ provides policy guidance to UN Member States on crime prevention and criminal justice and develop, monitor and review implementation of the UN crime prevention programme.

India also got re-elected to the Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) for the term 2016-2019. UN-Habitat is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all. The Council elected a total of 14 members for a four-year term, beginning January 2016 for UN-Habitat.

INDIA AND USA SIGNED MOC ON TRANSPORTATION A

Memorandum of Cooperation for India – US transportation was signed by the Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping and the US Secretary of Transportation. The memorandum was acknowledged as a new chapter in Indo-US cooperation. This initiative would enable India to make use of world’s latest technology available with the USA for projects like developments of waterways and multi-modal hub. The Memorandum aims to foster cooperative work on key issues of mutual interest for all modes of transportation, coordinating public and private sector resources and expertise to advance safe, secure, efficient and integrated transportation systems. It would cover areas like highway transportation, urban transportation, safety and environmental protections, vehicle and behavioral safety, fuel efficiency, rail transportation, maritime shipping and intermodal transportation.

INDIA AND USA SIGNED MOC ON TRANSPORTATION

A Memorandum of Cooperation for India – US transportation was signed by the Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping and the US Secretary of Transportation. The memorandum was acknowledged as a new chapter in Indo-US cooperation. This initiative would enable India to make use of world’s latest technology available with the USA for projects like developments of waterways and multi-modal hub. The Memorandum aims to foster cooperative work on key issues of mutual interest for all modes of transportation, coordinating public and private sector resources and expertise to advance safe, secure, efficient and integrated transportation systems. It would cover areas like highway transportation, urban transportation, safety and environmental protections, vehicle and behavioral safety, fuel efficiency, rail transportation, maritime shipping and intermodal transportation.

ARUNACHAL STATUS STILL A BONE OF CONTENTION

China has backed Prime Minister Modi’s remarks on the Sino-Indian border issue but, observed that the status of Arunachal Pradesh continues to remain a bone of contention between the two sides. According to China’s foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying, China has always taken a positive attitude on the China-India boundary question. Hua’s response comes on the eve of the Annual Defence Dialogue (ADD), which is expected to consider new confidence-building measures to impart stability to the frontiers.

NO ‘MILDER WARNING’ CALL FOR TOBACCO ITEM

The USA Government advisers have recommended against a proposal by Swedish Match to market its smokeless tobacco pouches as less harmful than cigarettes and other tobacco products. The company has asked the Food and Drug Administration for permission to remove or revise several warning labels on the pouches, called ‘snus.’ It’s the first request the FDA has considered publicly since it gained authority to regulate tobacco products in 2009. A panel of FDA advisers have said that company data do not support relaxing warning labels on Snus. The eight-member panel voted unanimously that the company’s application does not show that Snus lack the same risks of gum diseases and tooth loss as other smokeless tobacco products. Swedish Match has asked the FDA to drop those warnings from its U.S. offerings, including brands such as Longhorn, Timber Wolf and General Snus.

ECONOMY PM

LAUNCHES MUDRA BANK TO FUND SMALL ENTREPRENEURS

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Mudra (Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency) bank under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana to fund small entrepreneurs. The bank has a corpus of Rs. 20,000 crore to extend credit of up to Rs.10 lakh to small businesses and regulate micro-finance institutions, to promote their growth, add to the country’s output and create jobs. The move is aimed at benefiting some 58 million small businesses in the country, who account for a mere four percent of institutional funding, despite employing over 120 million people, many from unprivileged strata of society, the officials said. Millions of common men and women in this country, who run small businesses, have almost remained outside the net of formal institutional finance, in spite of their large contributions to the economy. There is also a need to increase employment opportunities in the nation. Big industrial houses provide jobs to only 1.25 crore people, while small entrepreneurs employ 12 crore people. Providing access to institutional finance to such micro and small business units and enterprises will not only help in improving the quality of life of these entrepreneurs, but also turn them into strong instruments of growth and employment generation.

INDIA AND USA SIGN MEMORANDUM OF COOPERATION

A Memorandum of Cooperation for India – US transportation was signed by Shri Nitin Gadkari, Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping and Mr. Anthony Foxx, US Secretary of Transportation. This initiative would enable India to make use of world’s latest technology available with the USA for projects like developments of waterways and multi-modal hub. The Memorandum aims to foster cooperative work on key issues of mutual interest for all modes of transportation, coordinating public and private sector resources and expertise to advance safe, secure, efficient and integrated transportation systems. It would cover areas like highway transportation, urban transportation, safety and environmental protections, vehicle and behavioral safety, fuel efficiency, rail transportation, maritime shipping and intermodal transportation.

CCEA CLEARS GLENMARK AND AUROBINDO FII PROPOSALS

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the Pharmaceutical majors Glenmark and Aurobindo’s foreign investment proposals, worth Rs 4,187 crore. The CCEA’s approval for QIBs (Qualified Institutional Buyers) in Aurobindo Pharma Ltd. will increase the FIIs share in the company from 27.32% to 34.32% and the investment will enable the company to expand its operations in the areas of anti infective, cardiovascular and central nervous system related ingredients. The CCEA’s clearance for FIIs in Glenmark Pharmaceutical Ltd. will increase the FIIs share in the company from 35.07 percent to 49 percent.

RBI HIKE IN FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (FDI) CAP IN INSURANCE SECTOR UPTO 49 PERCENT

The Reserve Bank notified government’s decision to raise foreign direct investment (FDI) limit in the insurance sector. The FDI cap in the sector has been hiked to 49 per cent and that includes foreign investment in the forms of FPI, FII, QFI, FVCI, NRI and DR. Any increase of foreign investment of an Indian insurance company shall be in accordance with the pricing guidelines specified by Reserve Bank under the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999. A foreign player can now invest in insurance company, insurance brokers, third party administrators, surveyors and loss assessors and other insurance intermediaries appointed under the provisions of IRDA Act 1999. An Indian insurance company shall ensure that its ownership and control remains at all times in the hands of resident Indian entities. With this, RBI has included a new term ‘Other Insurance Intermediaries appointed under the provisions of Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999′ under the definition of ‘Insurance’. The RBI notification follows DIPP, Commerce Ministry’s press note in March regarding operationalisation of increased FDI limit of up to 49 per cent in the insurance sector.

SNAPDEAL ACQUIRES FREECHARGE TO EXPAND E-COMMERCE

Online marketplace Snapdeal acquired mobile recharge service Freecharge in the biggest-ever deal in the country’s. Till date, the largest e-commerce deal in the country was acquisition of Myntra by Flipkart for $300 million deal in May 2014. According to the company, with the closure of the deal Snapdeal will become the largets e-commerce entity in the country. Free Charge will continue to function as an independent platform and all aspects of FreeCharge’s shopping experience will remain intact. FreeCharge was founded in 2010 by Kunal Shah and Sandeep Tandon and has raised over $120 million in funding in the last 4 years. The company is backed by investors including Sequoia Capital, Ru Net, Sofina, Valiant Capital and Tyborne.

UNION GOVERNMENT ALLOWS PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES TO HIKE RATES OF 509 ESSENTIAL MEDICINES

The government has allowed pharmaceutical companies to hike rates of 509 essential medicines used for treating various ailments like diabetes, hepatitis and cancer by 3.84 per cent. The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) has issued a notification for price hike of drugs in line with the wholesale price index of 2014 under Drug Price Control Order, 2013. The 509 medicines which have become costlier www.ias100.in www.ias100.in [21] include Alpha Interferon injection used to treat hepatitis B and C as well as certain types of cancer, carboplatin injection used for cancer treatment, fluconazole capsules indicated for fungal infections, among others.

INDIA’S FIRST IFSC BECOMES OPERATIONAL AT GIFT CITY

India’s first International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) became operational at Gujarat International Finance Tec (GIFT) City in Gandhinagar district of Gujarat and and Finance Minister Arun Jaitley unveiled rules and regulations for this global financial hub. The regulations are aimed at creating a vibrant IFSC on the lines of those in Dubai and Singapore and check the flight of trading in rupee and Indian securities to such offshore financial hubs. IFSC rules allow companies incorporated outside India to raise money in foreign currencies by issuance and listing of their equity shares on stock exchanges within the IFSC, where individual and institutional investors from India and abroad, including NRIs, would be allowed to trade.

SCIENCE & TECH DHANUSH MISSILE SUCCESSFULLY TEST-FIRED

India on April 9, 2015 successfully test-fired its nuclear-capable Dhanush ballistic missile with a strike range of 350 km from a naval ship off the Odisha coast. The surface-to-surface Dhanush, a naval variant of India’s indigenously developed Prithvi missile, was test fired from a ship in the Bay of Bengal off Odisha coast by the Strategic Force Command (SFC) of the defence force. After a flight of 500 seconds, the missile splashed down near the target point in the sea with an accuracy of less than 30 metres, described it as a “perfect mission.” The launch was part of an exercise by the armed forces and the missile reached the designated target with high precision. The missile launch and its flight performance was monitored from DRDO telemetry and radar facilities in the Odisha coast. The single-stage, liquid-propelled Dhanush having 350 km range has already been inducted into the armed forces and is one of the five missiles developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). The trial was conducted by the SFC of the defence force in co-operation with DRDO. Dhanush missile is capable of carrying conventional as well as nuclear payload of 500 kg and hit both land and sea- based targets. The previous trial was successfully conducted on November 14, 2014.

DUST-COVERED ICE GLACIERS ON MARS

Mars has thousands of glaciers buried beneath its dusty surface, enough frozen water to blanket the planet with a 1.1- meter thick layer of ice, scientists said on April 8, 2015. The glaciers are found in two bands in the mid-southern and midnorthern latitudes. Radar data, collected by Marsorbiting satellites, combined with computer models of ice flows show the planet has about 150 billion cubic meters of water locked in the ice, according to a study. The ice at the mid-latitudes is therefore an important part of Mars’ water reservoir. Scientists have been trying to figure out how Mars transformed from a warm, wet and presumably Earth-like planet early in its history into the cold, dry desert that exists today. Billions of years ago, Mars, which lacks a protective, global magnetic field, lost much of its atmosphere. Several initiatives are under way to determine how much of the planet’s water was stripped away and how much remains locked in ice in underground reservoirs.

NEW GIANT DINOSAUR SPECIES DISCOVERED

Scientists claimed to have discovered a new giant dinosaur species that lived in Siberia 100 million years ago and was one of the largest ever to roam the planet. Researchers from the Tomsk State University in Russia found the new species after examining bones discovered in 2008. Large pieces of fossil were found seven years ago during an expedition on the banks of the Kiya www.ias100.in www.ias100.in [23] River in the area of Shestakovo village in Western Siberia. Since then experts have been conducting delicate work to extract fragments from the sandstone. They have now uncovered that the dinosaur belonging to the Titanosauriformes group, which included some of the largest monsters that ever roamed the Earth.

OLDEST NEANDERTHAL DNA SAMPLE RESCUED

Scientists have confirmed that ‘Altamura Man’, a partially preserved fossil discovered in a cave in Italy, is a Neanderthal whose bones date back 128,000 to 187,000 years. Altamura Man was discovered in a cave in southern Italy in 1993. The remains, with only the head and part of a shoulder visible, were found embedded in rock and covered in a thick layer of calcite. It was thought that excavating the remains would cause irreparable damage and thus, they have remained in situ for over 20 years, leaving researchers to rely on casual observation for their studies. It was believed that the remains were that of an archaic Neanderthal, of a Homo genus believed to have been widespread in Europe 200,000 to 40,000 years ago.

ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT INDIA’S AIR QUALITY INDEX LAUNCHED

The government on April 6, 2015 launched the National Air Quality Index (AQI) that will put out real time data about the level of pollutants in the air and inform people about the possible impacts on health. Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the two-day Environment and Forest Minister’s conference, the new index will initially cover 10 cities — Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Faridabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad — each of which would have monitoring stations with Air Quality Index display boards. The aim of the government is to eventually deploy the index in all cities with a population of over one million.

COLOUR CODE BASED ON INDUSTRIES POLLUTION POTENTIAL

“The Environment Ministry has proposed to classify various industrial sectors across India under a three-coloured scheme depending on their pollution potential. A proposal to classify industries under red, orange and green is among a set of resolutions adopted by a state environment and forests ministers’ conference, held on April 6, 2015, that discussed measures to amend regulations to improve ease-of-doing business while protecting the environment. The Ministry is also likely to propose initiative which will allow individual units falling under various sectors to earn stars for compliance with environmental norms.

ANESTHETIC GASES SUPPORT CLIMATE CHANGE

A group of researchers of the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology in Dubendorf, Switzerland revealed that desflurane, isoflurane, sevoflurane and halothane – clinically used inhalation anesthetic agents – are accumulating in the atmosphere of our planet, where they make a contribution to climate change. Like carbon dioxide, desflurane and other anesthetic gases allow the atmosphere to store more energy from the Sun. But unlike carbon dioxide, they are extra potent in their greenhouse-gas effects. One kilogram of desflurane, for instance, is equivalent to 2.5 tons of carbon dioxide in terms of the amount of greenhouse warming potential.

 

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