CDS Current Affairs Indian Defence Equipment Part 2
With the recent trend followed in the UPSC Pre paper we are lining up the same set of current affairs notes for the CDS/NDA Aspirants
SHIPS/PLANES INTRODUCED/ DECOMMISSIONED
After a 33-year long wait, indigenous fighter Tejas, pegged to be the world’s smallest and lightest supersonic fighter, joined the Indian Air Force.
ICGS Arnvesh Commissioned
The fast patrol vessel (FPV) of the Indian Coast Guard “icgs Arnvesh” was commissioned at Visakhapatnam
This is the 16th vessel among the 20 vessels in this category being constructed by Cochin Shipyard limited.
Sea Trail of Kalvari Stealth Submarine
‘Kalvari’ the 1st of the Scorpene class submarines, built at the Mazagon Dock Shipbuliders Ltd Mumbai (MDL), went to sea for the 1st time
India joined theexclusive group of submarine constructing nations on February 7,1992, with the commissioning of the Indian built submarine INS Shalki.
Kalvari would be commissioned into the Indian navy as INS Kalvari this year.
Features of kalvari:-
Superior stealth and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapons. the attack can be launched with torpedoes, as well as tube launched anti-ship missiles, whilst underwater or on surface. The stealth features give it invulnerability, unmatched by many submarines.
The scorpene submarine is designs to operate in all theatres including the Tropics.
The Scorpene is equipped with weapons launching tubes and can carry weapons on board which can be easily reloaded at sea, through special handling and loading equipment.
INS Veer and Nipat Decommissioned
Indian Naval Ships (INS) Veer and Nipat were decommissioned at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
The decommissioning ceremony of these ships was held in the presence of Vice Admiral Sunil Lanba, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief Western Naval Command.
Key facts Both the ships belonged to the 1241 RE class missile vessels.
They had served under 22nd Killer Squadron and have completed 29 and 28 years of commissioned service respectively.
The ships had played a significant role as the guardian of International Maritime Borderline off west coast of India.
These ships are also the first of Veer Class of ships to be decommissioned from the Indian Navy. In their service, they have participated in numerous operations and successfully completed many deployments.
They were extensively deployed during the Operations Vijay (1961) and Parakram (2001–2002) of the IndianNavy.
Indian Navy Decommissions Sea Harriers
Indian Navy has decommissioned its aging fleet of iconic Sea Harriers at a function organised at INS Hansa base in Vasco, Goa.
The Harriers will be replaced by a squadron of Russian MIG 29k jets and the retired aircrafts will be put on display in museums.
About Sea Harriers :-
The aircraft was developed by the British in the 1960s.
It was used for both reconnaissance and strike.
It is best known for the ability to take off and land vertically. It is only class of jet that can hover like a helicopter.
In India, they were in 1983 and since then had played a pivotal role in various operations including Vijay and Parakram apart from many naval exercises. During their service, the aircrafts had operated from both INS Vikrant and INS Viraat aircraft carriers.
Its usage in the Falklands War was its most high-profile and important success, where it was the only fixed-wing fighter available to protect the British Task Force.
ICGS Shaurya Launched
Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) has launched Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) Shaurya at Panaji.
It was launched by the Governor of Goa, Mridula Sinha, in the presence of GSl and ICG officials.
ICGS Shaurya is fifth of a series of six Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs) designed in-house and built by GSL.
The vessel is 105-metre long and is capable of cruising at a speed of 23 knots. It has a range of 6000 nautical miles.
It is powered by twin diesel engines and carries four boats for boarding party operations.
It is fitted with state-of-the-art navigation and communication equipment.
The ship’s weaponry package has one 30 mm gun and two 12.7 mm guns associated with fire control system.
ICGS Shaurya will be commissioned into service in 2017. It will be deployed for search and rescue operations, pollution control and external firefighting. It will also be deployed for monitoring sea lanes of communication and ocean surveillance.
INS Tarmugli Joins the Indian Navy
The Indian Navy has commissioned indigenously built highly maneuverable Fast Attack Craft INS Tarmugli at the commissioning ceremony held in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
INS Tarmugli will be based in Visakhapatnam under the Naval Officer-in-Charge (Andhra Pradesh).
It would be deployed for coastal patrol and surveillance operations along the East Coast of India.
INS Tarmugli is indigenously conceived, designed and built by M/s Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE).
It is the first Follow-on Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC) and is an improved version of WJFAC, earlier constructed by GRSE.
The ship is named after a picturesque Tarmugli island located in the Andaman group.
Features: INS Tarmugli weighs 320-tonne and is 48 meters in length. It can achieve speeds in excess of 30 knots. It is fitted with advanced MTU engines, water jet propulsion and the latest communication equipment. Ship’s Crew: It is manned by a team comprising four officers and 41 sailors with one Commanding Officer.
Ship’s Main Role: Built for extended coastal and offshore surveillance and patrol the warship. It is capable of operating in shallow waters at high speeds and is equipped with enhanced fire power.
Ships armament: It is equipped with of a 30 mm CRN 91 gun, an electronic day-night fire control system namely Stabilised Optronic Pedestal (SOP), two 12.7 mm heavy machine guns (HMG) and multiple medium machine guns and shoulder-launched Igla surface-to-air missiles to combat aerial threats
ICG ARUSH Commissioned
The Indian Coast Guard ship Arush, the seventeenth in the series of twenty Fast Patrol Vessels (FPVs), designed and built by Cochin Shipyard Limited, was commissioned on May 26, 2016 at Kochi.
The 50 m indigenous FPV can achieve a maximum speed of 33 knots with an endurance of 1500 nautical miles at economical speed of 13 knots, equipped with state-of-the-art weaponry and advanced communication and navigational equipment.
The special features of the ship include an Integrated Bridge Management System (IBMS) and Integrated Machinery Control System (IMCS). It is an ideal platform for undertaking multifarious close-coast missions such as surveillance, interdiction, search and rescue and medical evacuation.
The ship has been named ICG.S Arush, literally meaning first ray of sun, and will be based at Porbandar under the administrative and operational contrql of the Commander, Coast Guard Region (North-West).
INS Tarasa Launched:-
Indian Navy has launched INS Tarasa, the fourth and last ship in the series of the Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC).
It is being built by Kolkata (West Bengal) based Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (GRSE), for the Indian Navy.
The WJFACs are ideally suited and used for interception of fast-moving surface craft.
About INS Tarasa:-
INS Tarasa like the previously launched ships of WJFACs series has been named after the picturesque island in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago in Bay of Bengal.
It is an improved variant of the Car Nicobar-class high-speed offshore patrol vessels (OPVs).
It is powered by the latest 4,000-series MTU engines and has displacement capacity of 315 tonnes.
It is fitted with advanced machinery control system. It has been designed to attain maximum speed of 35 knots and for an endurance of nearly 2,000 nautical miles at 12-14 knots.
The ship will be fitted with CRN-91 indigenous 30mm gun with optronic pedestal. It will also have the latest communication equipment and radars to enable effective surveillance.
INS Tarasa will perform anti-smuggling, fishery protection and search and rescue operations.
NAVY gets VARUNASTRA
Indigenously-built heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo Varunastra has been successfully inducted in the Indian Navy. With this India becomes one of the eight countries in the world to have the capability to design and build such anti-submarine torpedo system.
The Varunastra torpedo has been developed by Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL), a premier laboratory of DRDO.
It weighs around 1.25 tonnes and carries about 250 kg of explosives at a speed of around 40 nautical miles an hour.
It has almost 95% indigenous content. It is capable of targeting stealthy and quiet submarines, both in deep and littoral waters in intense counter-measure environment.
It has advanced autonomous guidance algorithms with low drift navigational aids, insensitive warhead which can operate in various combat scenarios.
It has integrated instrumentation system for recording its all the dynamic parameters in case of emergency shut down or malfunction. It has a GPS-based locating aid which is a unique feature in contemporary torpedoes in the world.
The torpedo can be launched from Delhi, Kolkata, Teg, Talwar and Kamorta classes of warships.
Torpedo: It is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead. It is launched above or below the water surface and propelled underwater towards a target. It is designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
Defence Communication Network (DCN) :-
India’s first integrated Defence Communication Network (DCN) was launched by Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar in South Block, Delhi.
The network will enable India Army, Air force, Navy and the Special Forces Command to share situational awareness for a faster decision-making process.
DCN is the largest single satellite network in the Indian Defence Forces, spread across the country.
It is a strategic, highly secure and scalable system. It has has a pan-India reach from Ladakh to the North East to island territories.
The tri-communication network makes voice data and video data accessible to the three services over a secured network.
It has been designed, developed and deployed by the information technology services, distribution and digital solutions firm HCL Infosystems.
It is capable of working on both terrestrial as well as satellite mode of communication and has also been fixed onboard different military vehicles.
HCL Infosystems has had a long association with the Indian Defence sector. The company has closely worked with the Indian Air Force (IAF) to deploy AFCEL (Air Force Cellular Network) and Air Force Network (AFNet).
AFNet: It is the first network of its kind for Indian armed forces which interlinks major installations throughout the country on a high bandwidth network and incorporates latest traffic transportation technology in the form of Internet Protocol.
INDIA – Russia Agree to Export BrahMos
India and Russia have agreed ‘in principle’ to export the world’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile, BrahMos, to UAE, Vietnam, South Africa and Chile.
BrahMos is a short-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land. It is a joint venture between Russia’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia and the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India. They have formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited to make the missile. The name BrahMos is a portmanteau formed from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.
US Conducted FON against 13 countries
The US military conducted “freedom of navigation” operations against 13 countries last year, including several to challenge China’s claims in the South and East China seas, according to an annual Pentagon report.
The operations were against China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Malaysia, the Maldives, Oman, the Philippines and Vietnam.
The freedom of navigation operations involves sending US Navy ships and military aircraft into areas where other countries have tried to limit access. The aim is to demonstrate that the international community does not accept such restrictions.
Indian Navy Deploys ALH at Maldives
The Indian Navy stationed an Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) MK III in Maldives to assist the Maldives National Defence Force (MNDF) for undertaking search and rescue, casualty evacuation, coastal surveillance, maritime reconnaissance, communication and logistic duties.
The helicopter has been manufactured by the public sector Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) with state-of-the-art avionics and is powered by Shakti engines. It will be based at Kadhdhoo Island in Laamu Atol of Maldives.
Defence Expo 2016
India’s biggest ever land, naval and homeland security exhibition Defence Expo 2016 held in Goa.
This for the 1st time, the Expo was held outside the national capital New Delhi.
The 2016 theme was “Rise of Futurism”.
India’s 1st Indigenous Sonar Dome
India’s first indigenous composites sonar dome, a ship’s underwater eyes and ears, was flagged off by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.
The sonar dome was dedicated to the nation dedicated to the nation and will be delivered to Mazgaon Docks, Mumbai for use in the warships of Indian Navy.
The sonar dome is dsigned and produced by a Defence and Research Development Organisation’s (DRDO’s) Research and Development Establishment (Engineers) lab based in Pune.
It is a first of its kind in the country to be manufactured by the Goa-based composites manufacturing company Kineco.
The sonar dome functions as the ship’s underwater eyes and ears and mostly all anti-submarine warfare (ASW) ships have a sonar array fitted to the ship structure below the waterline.
The sonar dome is a structure is fitted over the sonar array to make it acoustically transparent in order to avoid exposure of its electronics and sensors to surrounding hostile environment.
Sonar: It is an acronym for Sound Navigation And Ranging. It is a technique that uses sound propagation (usually underwater) to navigate, communicate with or detect objects on or under the surface of the water, such as other vessels.
International Fleet Review 2016
The International Fleet Review 2016 was held at Visakhapatnam in AP from 4 to * FEB 2016
On the theme “United through Oceans”.
The IFR is set to see participation of around 50 navies, 90 ships, including 24 warships, and over 70 aircraft. In addition, ships of the Indian Coast Guard and mercantile marine would also be participating.
BAE Systems Selects Mahindra as Partner for Artillery Gun Deal
The U.S.-based BAE Systems has picked the Mahindra group as a partner for the M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzer (ULH) deal under which an assembly, integration and test (AIT) facility is to be set up in India under the government’s Make in India initiative.
The deal for 145 guns, which is expected to cost $700 million, is being discussed as a government-to-government deal under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) programme.
Exercise Malabar 2016
India, Japan and United States (US) navies have kicked off 2016 MALABAR trilateral naval Exercise near South China Sea.
This year it is the 20th edition of the naval exercise in which over 100 aircraft and 22 naval ships including a nuclear submarine are participating.
The 20th edition of the naval exercise will be conducted for 8 days.
It includes harbour phase exercises at Sasebo, Japan and the sea phase exercises in the Pacific Ocean.
Aim of exercise: Increase interoperability amongst the three navies and develop common understanding of procedures for Maritime Security Operations. Scope of 2016
MALABAR: It includes professional interactions in harbour and sea phases, including complex sub-surface, surface and air operations.
Participation: The joint fleet of 3 navies will include aircraft carriers, warships and fast attack submarines.
India’s Participation: Four ships of Indian Navy from the Eastern Fleet are participating in the naval exercise in consonance with country’s ‘Act East Policy’. They are Missile stealth frigates INS Sahyadri and INS Satpura, modern fleet tanker and support ship INS Shakti, missile corvette INS Kirch These ships have embarked one Sea King 42B ASW helicopter and 2 Chetak utility helicopters.
US Participation: US Navy will be represented by ships from CTF 70 of the USN 7th fleet based at Yokosuka, Japan. The CTF includes aircraft carrier USS John C Stennis (CVN 74), Arleigh Burke class destroyers USS Stockdale and USS Chung Hoon and Ticonderoga class Cruiser USS Mobile Bay. All these ships will be embarked helicopters. In addition, 1 nuclear powered submarine, Long Range Maritime Patrol aircraft and carrier wing aircraft are also participating in the exercise.
Japan’s Participation: Japanese navy will be represented by a helicopter carrier JS Hyuga with SH 60 K integral helicopters. Long Range Maritime Patrol aircraft are also participating besides other advanced warships for specific parts of the exercise.