A Must For All SSB Aspirants DOKLAM ISSUE
A Must For All SSB Aspirants DOKLAM ISSUE
THE DOKALAM ISSUE
Indian national security advisor (NSA) ajit doval has recently visited to china to attend a meeting of national security advisors of brazil-russia-india-china-siuth Africa (brics) emerging economics. He also initiated talks with his Chinese counterpart to resolve the standoff in dokolam area.
The standoff has been continuning since first week of june 2017,adding tension to the sino Indian relations.
Dokolam is the bhutnaese name of the region which is recognized by india as dokalam. China claims it is part of its donglang region.
Doka la is also india,s last military post on the tri-junction of its boundary with Bhutan and china.
The present standoff started in june 2017 when peple liberation army (PLA) of china started constructing a road towards doka la plateau in Bhutan to which the Bhutanese objected.
Bhutan maintains no formal diplomatic ties with china and depends on military and diplomatic support from India.the Bhutanese army thus approached the Indian troops for help.
India has officially accepted that its troops blocked PLA road construction inside dokalam as change of status quo with serious security implications for india.
Until 1959,china made no claims no dokalam ,asserting in one official communication that there were no discrepancies in its mapsand those of Bhutan at that time.but now,china cities the 1890 china –britian treaty,which states that the border runs west from doka-la along the ridgeline-that is south of the dokolam plateau.
WHY IS INDIA INVOLVED IN CHINA-BHUTAN TERRITORIAL ISSUE?
India and Bhutan signed a friendship treaty in 1949 ,according to which Bhutan was to hold diplomat is relations with rest of the world with the guidlance of india.
The treaty was revised in 2007 and under the new terms,the mandatory consulation with india on foreign affairs is no longer binding on Bhutan. But the treaty makes defence of Bhutan against any aggression on obligation on india.
It was under this obligation the Indian army stopped china from constructing road in the dokalam region.
The dokalam area is dangerously close to the narrow siliguri corridor (or the chicken,s neck) that connects the northeastern states with the rest of india.undisputed control over dokalam will gave china tactical and strategic advantage in the region.
The corridor is extremely important for india because rail and road networks towards the north east run through it.
This allows is so sustain the armed forces posted in the north east which will form an important piece of the puzzle if a conflict arises between india and china.
Since1998, china has been developing insfrastructure in the region .reports suggest that it has already built a crisscross now intends to build all weather highway in the region to gain strategic advantage.
WHAT ARE CHINA’S CONCERNS?
Beijing has been intensely distrustful of its two economically powerful neighbors-japan across the sea and India across the mountains.
India however is also a huge market for Chinese consumer goods,and that is an opportunity Beijing does not want to forgo,however india’s growing economic and diplomatic influence has been a matter of concern for china.
In beijing’s view’s india is a critical swing state,that increasingly is moving to the u.s camp undercutting ambition to establish a sino-centric. Asia.
As big economic and military powers,India and china are key strategic players in the world. But there is an built economic conflict that is bound to spill over into active hostility,spurred mainly by china.
India has to both complete and ,in many cases cooperate with china and cannot afford permanent hostility.given pakistan’s unabated proxy conflict in Kashmir,an escalation with china will bring the two front situation back into play after decades.
India needs to tread cautiously without escalating tensions.even is india were requested to defend bhutan’s Territory this could only be limited to its established territory not the disputed area( the same ,logic invites third party interference in Kashmir issue disputed by India and Pakistan.)
India –china trade cooperation has intensified over the past several years. Any military conflict will also result in a massive loss of revenue.
Thus India needs to bolster its border defense and boost its nuclear and missile deterrent capabilities while at the same time using diplomatic channels to resolve the border issues with china for peace and stability in the region.