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A must for all NDA/CDS/AFCAT Aspirants Current Affairs Part-2

A must for all NDA/CDS/AFCAT Aspirants Current Affairs Part-2

A must for all candidates

 

UNSC unanimously resolution adopts to prevent further IS other terrorist groups attacks
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has unanimously adopted a Resolution 2249 (2015), calling on all nations to re-double and co-ordinate action to prevent further attacks by Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other extremist groups. The resolution has been not drafted under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter which empowers UN to give a green signal to the use of force. The French-sponsored resolution has Urged UN member-states to intensify their efforts to stem the flow of foreign terrorist fighters in Iraq and Syria. Also called upon member-states to prevent and suppress the financing on terrorism groups and other extremist groups. Mentions ISIS group constitutes a global and unprecedented threat to international peace and security and expresses its determination to combat it by all means. It should be noted that this is the 14th terrorism-related resolution adopted by the UNSC since 1999. Background The resolution was adopted by UNSC a week after ISIS extremists had launched a coordinated barbaric gun and bomb assault in Paris (France) on 13 November 2015 which had killed 130 people. ISIS also has claimed responsibility for twin suicide bombings in Beirut (Lebanon) which had killed 43 people and for bombing of Russian airliner which was crashed over Egypt’s Sinai peninsula killing all 224 people on board.

ADB pledges $120 million loan to finance India, Bangladesh electricity link under SASEC Programme
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has pledged to provide 120 million dollar loan in order to finance cross-border electricity link between Bangladesh and India under SASEC Programme. In this regard, loan agreement was signed by ADB Country Director Kazuhiko Higuchi and Mohammad Mejbahuddin, Senior Secretary of Bangladesh Finance Ministry. The loan fund would be used for Second Bangladesh-India Grid Inter connectivity project under the ambitious South Asia Sub-regional Economic Co-operation (SASEC) Programme. The projects under SASEC Programme aim to promote regional prosperity through improved cross-border links in trade, power, road and rail links between India and Bangladesh. The second project under will double the existing capacity from 500 MW to 1000 MW of the inter-connectivity link connecting power grid at Bheramara in western Bangladesh and the grid of eastern India at Bahrampur (Odisha). It should be noted that the networks under the first project were connected in 2013 and was financed by ADB under the SASEC Programme. About South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Program Set up in 2001 to bring together Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka in a project-based partnership. This sub-regional partnership aims to Strengthening regional economic cooperation Boosting trade among member countries. Promote regional prosperity by improving cross-border connectivity. Build a better quality of life for the people of the subregion. Since its establishment, SASEC member countries have implemented over 37 regional projects worth more than 6.75 billion dollars in the energy, trade facilitation, transport and ICT sectors. Manila (Philippines) based Asian Development Bank (ADB) serves SASEC Secretariat for the member countries.

Russia inks deal to build Egypt’s first nuclear plant at Dabaa
Russia has signed two agreements with Egypt to finance and build its first nuclear power plant at Dabaa on the Mediterranean coast in the northwest of the country. As per one of the agreement, Russia will extend a loan to Egypt to cover the cost of construction of the nuclear plant which is expected to be completed by 2022. Under the agreement Russia will grant a 35-year loan to the Egypt which is the Arab world’s most populous country. However in the agreement the loan has been not disclosed as the details of the credit agreement are still under discussion. Dabaa Nuclear plant will be third-generation plant with four reactors with total capacity of 1,200 MW. On completion the plant will make Egypt a regional leader in terms of civil nuclear technology. Background Since 1980s, Egypt has been pursuing its plan to have a peaceful nuclear programme for the production of electricity at Dabaa. But the North African country had frozen its nuclear programme plans after disputes with local residents due to the Chernobyl disaster in 1986. However in 2006, under the dictatorial President-ship of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt once again had announced plans to revive its dream of peaceful nuclear programme. But the President was overthrown in 2011 revolution and its nuclear programme plans were stalled. The newly elected President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi in February 2015 had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to go ahead with the civil nuclear programme.
Syrian journalist Zaina Erhaim wins 2015 Reporters without Borders Prize
Syrian woman journalist Zaina Erhaim has won the prestigious 2015 Reporters without Borders Prize for her defence of press freedom. She was singled out for this prestigious award for her determination and courage covering news in in civil war and conflict ravaged Syria which is deemed the most dangerous country in the world for journalists. Presently, Zaina Erhaim lives and works in Aleppo (Syria). She has trained about 100 citizen reporters (third of them are women) from Syria in past two years. She also has helped in establishing new, independent newspapers and magazines in the war-torn country. About Reporters Without Borders Prize It is an annual award established in 1992 by Paris (France) based NGO Reporters Without Borders (RWB). It is bestowed upon journalists who have made a significant contribution to the defence and promotion of press freedom.

UNHCR chosen for 2015 Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has been chosen for the prestigious 2015 Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development. The prestigious award has been bestowed on office of UNHCR in recognition of its Immense contributions in assisting millions of refugees in their rehabilitation and resettlement. For working under difficult circumstances to bring about changes in order to reduce the flow of refugees. UN Refugee Agency was chosen for this edition of award by the international jury of the prize, headed by Vice President Hamid Ansari. It was declared on the occasion of 98th birth anniversary of India’s Iron Lady Indira Gandhi who was first women Prime Minister of India (in office from 1966–1977 and 1980–1984). About United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR is a United Nations agency mandated to protect and support refugees. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Established: December 14, 1950. Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland. Initially it was established to help people displaced by World War II. But later it became the principal agency that has helped displaced persons all over world. Mission: Safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. Seek lasting solutions to the plights of refugees. Awards: It has won two Nobel Peace Prizes, first in 1954 and second in 1981. About Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development Since 1986, the prestigious award accorded annually by Indira Gandhi Trust. Awarded to: Individuals or organizations in recognition of their creative efforts towards promoting international peace, development. It is also bestowed upon them for creating new international economic order and ensuring that scientific discoveries are used for the larger good of humanity and enlarging the scope of freedom. Award carries: The prize consists of monetary award of 25 lakh and a citation. Some of the awardees: UNICEF (1989), Rajiv Gandhi (1991), M S Swaminathan (1999), Kofi Annan (2003), Angel Merkel (2013) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) (2014) .

Union Government launches Technology Acquisition and Development Fund under NMP
Union Government has launched the Technology Acquisition and Development Fund (TADF) under the National Manufacturing Policy (NMP), 2011. It was launched by Union Minister of State (MoS) for Commerce & Industry Nirmala Sitharaman in New Delhi. Key facts TADF will facilitate Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) to acquire clean, green and energy efficient technologies. It will also catalyse the manufacturing growth in MSME sector with an aim to contribute to ‘Make in India’ initiative. Implementation: The scheme will be implemented through Global Innovation and Technology Alliance (GITA) which is a joint venture company of CII and Department of Science & Technology. GITA was launched in 2007-08 to stimulate private sector’s investment in Research and Development. Direct Support for Technology Acquisition: Proposals will be invited for reimbursement of 50 per cent or up to 20 lakh rupees of technology transfer fee from Indian industry. In-direct Support for Technology Acquisition through Patent Pool: TADF will provide financial support to MSME’s to acquire patent from across the world based on applications. Patent/Technology would be licensed to selected MSME’s and they will get a subsidy of 50 per cent of mutually agreed value or upto 20 lakh rupees. Technology/Equipment Manufacturing Subsidies:TADF will support manufacturing of equipment for reducing energy consumption, controlling pollution and water conservation. In this regard, subsidy of up to 10 per cent of capital expenditure and machinery will be provided to the manufacturing units subjected to a maximum of 50 lakh rupees. Green Manufacturing–Incentive Scheme: TDAF seeks to facilitate resource conservation activities in industries located in National Investment and Manufacturing Zone (NIMZ). In this regard, financial support for under incentive or subsidy schemes will be provided for construction of green buildings, energy or water audits and implementation of waste treatment facilities.

7th Central Pay Commission submits report, proposes 23.55% salary hike
7th Central Pay Commission (CPC) headed by Justice AK Mathur has recommended 23.55 percent hike in pay and allowances of government employees. In this regard the commission has submitted its report to Union Finance Ministry in New Delhi and the recommended pay revision will come into effect from 1 January 2016. Recommendations of 7th CPC Minimum basic pay of 18 thousand and maximum of 2.5 lakh rupees per month. Abolition of grade pay and pay band structure. The rate of annual increment for employees will be three percent. The pay will go up by 16 percent, allowances by 63 percent and pension by 24 percent. Abolition of 52 allowances and introduction of a Health Insurance Scheme. One Rank One Pension (OROP) scheme for central government staffers, para military as well as armed forces personnel. Increase in military service pay and revised pension formula for civil employees including Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and Defense Personnel retiring before 1 January 2016. Implications The pay revision will impact 47 lakh serving employee and 52 lakh pensioners of the Central Government including in the Defence and Railways. It will cost public exchequer over 1 lakh crore rupees annually. The implementation of Pay Commission will impact fiscal deficit by 0.65 percent. Finance Ministry is setting up committee headed by Expenditure Secretary to go through the report for its implementation. Background The 7th Central Pay Commission was set up in February 2014 to revise remuneration of employees and pensioners of central government including Defence and Railways. Its recommendations will also have a bearing on the salaries of the state government staff. The CPC is constituted by the Union Government after almost every 10 years in order to revise the pay scales of employees. The 6th CPC under the Chairmanship of B.N.Srikrishna was approved in July 2006.

Second World Congress on Disaster Management kicks off in Visakhapatnam
The second World Congress on Disaster Management (WCDM) has started in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. The 4-day conference was inaugurated by Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu and was attended by Union Urban Development Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu and Union Minister of State (MoS) for Home Kiran Rijiju. Key facts The Congress is being jointly hosted by the Disaster Management, Infrastructure and Control Society (DMICS) and Andhra Pradesh government. It will address among a host of other issues which are interconnected, complex and along with emerging risks in today societies. It will also comprise technical sessions, paper presentations, exhibitions and cultural events. The first kind of such congress was held in Hyderabad in 2008. Address and discuss issues such as implementation of the Sendai Framework for disaster risk reduction. It will further explore various dimensions of natural and manmade hazards, vulnerabilities and exposures, their impacts across sectors. It will also explore the various efforts and initiatives for building resilience at all levels. It will also share knowledge, experience and discussing operational and strategic level issues for reducing the risks of disasters. It is estimated that about 1,500 delegates and policy makers from about 100 countries are likely to participate in the 4 day global meet. The outcome of the congress will be presented to the government as recommendations.

Former Gujarat Governor and CEC RK Trivedi passes away
Former Gujarat Governor and Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) Ram Krishna Trivedi passed away in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh after prolonged illness. He was 94. Mr. Trivedi had served as the CEC of India from 1982 to 1985 and was the first person to introduce the Election Photo identity card (EPIC) i.e. voter ID cards in Indian Elections. He had joined civil services in 1943 and had a long and distinguished career as a bureaucrat. Mr. Trivedi had served Governor of Gujarat from 1986 to 1990. He also had served as the Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) and was appointed in October 1980. Government of India had honoured him with prestigious Padma Vibhushan in recognition to his services towards the nation.

CCEA approves production subsidy of Rs 4.50/quintal to Sugarcane farmers
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has decided to pay a production-linked subsidy of Rs 4.50 per quintal directly to sugarcane farmers in the current crushing season. Decision in this regard was taken at CCEA meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi. Key facts This decision aims at helping cash strapped sugar mills clear arrears and would cost public exchequer about 1,147 crore rupees. The production subsidy would be given to offset the cost of sugarcane and facilitate the timely payment of cane prices to farmers. Currently, Sugar mills across the country are facing a liquidity crunch due to low prices of the sweetener in retail markets and they owe about 6,500 crore rupees to cane farmers. In the last two crushing seasons, Union Government had given sugar export subsidy to millers in order to help them clear cane dues to farmers. But it was discontinued this season due to World Trade Organisation (WTO) objections. Extension of Lines of Credit to African and other developing countries The CCEA also gave its approval to the extension of Lines of Credit to African and other developing countries for another five years from 2015-16. The Lines of Credit will be provided under Indian Development and Economic Assistance (IDEA) Scheme which has been in operation since 2005-06. IDEA scheme attempts to promote India’s strategic political and economic interest abroad by positioning it as an emerging economic power and partner for developing countries. The Union Government would make a budgetary provision to the tune of around 3,772 crore rupees for this scheme. It should be noted that Lines of Credit are an important component of India’s diplomatic strategy. It has been very useful tool in generating goodwill and building long term partnerships with different countries.

50 districts in Uttar Pradesh declared drought-hit
50 districts out of total 75 in Uttar Pradesh have been declared drought-hit by the state government led by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav. Decision in this regard was taken by state government on the recommendation of a natural calamity committee. These 50 drought hit districts have received lesser than 60 per cent rain during the 2015 Monsoon period from June to September 2015. In these drought hit districts more than 33 per cent crops were ruined due to poor monsoon season. In order to provide relief to farmers from these districts, state government has suspended recovery of all dues from them by the end of current financial year 2015-16. State Government has asked District magistrates of these districts to chalk out a plan to deal with the drought situation and ensure that farmers are not harassed in the name of revenue realization. State government also has directed respective departments to start relief works in the identified districts in order to provide all help to the farmers.

Tata Steel commissions first phase of Kalinganagar plant in Odisha
Tata Steel has commissioned the first phase of its integrated steel plant at Kalinganagar steel plant in Jajpur district of Odisha. It was inaugurated by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik as part of his Government ambition of industrialising the state rapidly. Key facts Kalinga Nagar steel plant is the second biggest plant of the company and is the largest Greenfield steel project in the country. The plant is spread across 2200 acre land and has been established at an investment of Rs 25,000 crore. It has a production capacity of 6 million tonne per annum and generally would produce flat, lighter, high-tensile strength steel. The plant also boasts of India’s largest blast furnace at 4,330 cubic meters. On completion it would provide employment for 45,000 people. The plant also has most advanced carbon hearth technology in the country along with on-site power generation of 202 MW through waste gases discharged by coke oven and blast furnace. Eariler in 2004, Tata Steel had inked a MoU with the Odisha government to set up this steel plant.

Union Cabinet approves setting up of NARF at Genome Valley in Hyderabad
Tata Steel has commissioned the first phase of its integrated steel plant at Kalinganagar steel plant in Jajpur district of Odisha. It was inaugurated by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik as part of his Government ambition of industrialising the state rapidly. Key facts Kalinga Nagar steel plant is the second biggest plant of the company and is the largest Greenfield steel project in the country. The plant is spread across 2200 acre land and has been established at an investment of Rs 25,000 crore. It has a production capacity of 6 million tonne per annum and generally would produce flat, lighter, high-tensile strength steel. The plant also boasts of India’s largest blast furnace at 4,330 cubic meters. On completion it would provide employment for 45,000 people. The plant also has most advanced carbon hearth technology in the country along with on-site power generation of 202 MW through waste gases discharged by coke oven and blast furnace. Eariler in 2004, Tata Steel had inked a MoU with the Odisha government to set up this steel plant.

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Er. Hartaj
Er. HartaJ is one of the main Instructors and a part of the team At NCA. He himself has cleared the SSB process thrice, but as per his grandfather's Late Lt. Col H.S.Dhaliwal Wish he is continuing teaching and making officers. Been associated with New Careers Academy for the last 8 years, he also has been succefull in making Second and Third Generation Of officers. Once Taught by his Grandfather and Father Capt. Dhaliwal. He is know all across with students for the way he teaches and he is more of a role model for them .
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