50 Years To The Indo – PAk 1965 War (Celebrating the Golden Jubilee)
50 Years To The Indo – PAk 1965 War
A tribute to the soldiers of the WAR
Celebrating the Golden Jubilee
The Indo-Pakistan War of 1965, which began on the date 05 August and ended on the 23 September, is one of the biggest tank battles recorded in the history since World War-II. Pakistan launched its troops inside Kashmir under the name of the Operation Gibraltar in early August 1965. Further operations from Pakistani Army were stalled when Indian Army captured the Strategic Hajipir Pass on the fateful date 28 August 1965. Pakistan then launched another Operation under the name Operation Grand Slam in Akhnoor Sector, but India opened up the Western Front to counter the same. Pakistan’s 1 Armoured Division was badly mauled in the Historic Battle of Asal Uttar with an estimated over 100 tanks destroyed. Other major battles were fought in the areas of Poonch, Phillora, & Dograi.
The Indian Air Force then flew around aprox. 4000 sorties and dropped around 335 tonnes of bombs during the air raids it conducted in Pakistan. The Pakistan Air Force suffered a loss of 43 aircrafts in all. In addition, to it large number of tanks, vehicles, railway and petroleum depots were rendered inoperative.
The Indian Navy’s resilient existence also ensured that the Pakistan Navy was curtailed within its waters and could not play any major effective role in the war that occurred.
On 22 September, the United Nations Security Council without any opposition passed a resolution that called for an unconditional ceasefire from both the nations. The war thus ended the following day.
Sepoy Gurmel Singh , 1 SIKH, VrC(Posthumous)
On 25 August 1965, an assault on an enemy position by a company of 1 SIKH (now 4 Mechanised Infantry) in Jammu & Kashmir was held up as its only approach route was covered by MMG and LMG fire by the enemy. Sepoy Gurmel Singh, who was in the forward section, rushed forward, charged straight for the enemy LMG, held it by the barrel and pulled it out; but while doing so, he got a burst from the enemy and attained martyrdom. Sepoy Gurmel Singh displayed exemplary courage and determination in the best traditions of the Indian Army. He was awarded the Vir Chakra Posthumously.
Major Ranjit Singh Dyal, PVSM, MVC
On 25 August 1965, Major R S Dyal led an assault and captured Sank. He pursued the enemy relentlessly and fought with great zeal to captured Ledwali Gali on 27 August 1965. Thereafter, marching by night through a very difficult terrain, he took the enemy by surprise and captured Hajipir Pass on 28 August 1965. In the face of heavy enemy machine gun and mortar fire, he led his two platoons in a lightning attack as a result of which the enemy fled in confusion. Throughout this operation, Major R S Dyal displayed outstanding leadership and courage of a very high order in the best traditions of the Indian Army. He was awarded the Mahavir Chakra